050-695 exam Dumps Source : Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8
Test Code : 050-695
Test cognomen : Novell eDirectory Design and Implementation :eDirectory 8.8
Vendor cognomen : Novell
: 70 real Questions
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David Clarke covers eDirectory testing targets for Novell route 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking.This chapter is from the ebook
This chapter covers birthright here testing pursuits for Novell direction 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking:
identify simple listing service tasks.
establish routine directory service uses.
Describe how a directory is structured.
identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.
identify how eDirectory 8.6 works.
identify and characterize the composition of eDirectory.
determine and characterize eDirectory remonstrate courses.
determine the circulate and design of the eDirectory tree.
NetWare 6 introduces eDirectory eight.6, the optimal edition to date of Novell's world-class listing service.
eDirectory is the realm's leading directory carrier. It provides a unifying, move-platform infrastructure for managing, securing, accessing, and developing consummate foremost components of your community. eDirectory scales to the greatest network environments, together with the internet. because it is in response to the X.500 typical, eDirectory supports light-weight listing entry Protocol (LDAP), Hypertext switch Protocol (HTTP), and the Java programming ambiance.
eDirectory can reclaim and manage millions of objects in a seamless ballet of communications. It additionally provides the groundwork community service for consummate NetWare servers and community materials. really, after network communications, it is the most fundamental network provider offered by means of NetWare 6.
With consummate this in intellect, i'm bound you might correspond that eDirectory administration is one among your key duties as a Novell CNA (certified network Administrator). in this chapter, you'll explore four essential training concerning eDirectory administration:
Introduction to directory features—you will start with a quick introduction to the basics of listing functions, together with some criterion makes utilize of and how a directory is structured.
understanding eDirectory 8.6—then you definitely'll learn the structure of Novell eDirectory version 8.6 and evaluate it to its predecessor, Novell directory features (NDS).
using eDirectory Objects—you are going to dig into the fundamentals in the back of eDirectory's three styles of objects: the Tree object, container objects, and leaf objects.
implementing eDirectory 8.6 Naming—eventually, you're going to study naming conventions utilized in eDirectory, including naming context guidelines and inheritance.
As that you may see, there's a lot to live taught during this chapter and when it live consummate carried out, you're going to live an accomplished eDirectory administrator. So, let's earn begun!
check pursuits lined:
establish basic listing carrier initiatives.
identify ordinary listing carrier uses.
Describe how a directory is structured.
determine the role and benefits of eDirectory.
The directory provider is among the most primary network functions provided by pass of consummate NetWare 6 servers. in fact, it represents the communications hub for administrative connectivity between consummate servers in a huge NetWare 6 network. As such, listing provider administration is one of your key obligations because the community administrator.
As its cognomen implies, the listing carrier offers entry to a database, known as eDirectory, that incorporates consummate substances for the entire network. This object-oriented database is organized into a hierarchical structure called the tree. eDirectory provides the basic foundation for the directory carrier, including capabilities for replication and distribution. directory is capitalized in this case to distinguish it from the listing (or folder) within the file system. in fact, these two "directories" silhouette the two primary roles of a NetWare 6 CNA: File outfit Administrator (directories and info) and eDirectory Administrator (The listing).
The listing provider is your pal. it could possibly appear a microscopic intimidating originally, however in the event you earn to know the directory service (and eDirectory, for that rely), it live in reality enjoyable. really.How listing services Work
A listing provider classifies consummate community supplies birthright into a finite variety of objects. These objects can live prepared with the aid of feature, place, size, classification, or color—it would not rely. The factor is, a directory provider organizes network resources independently from their physical areas. for example, servers are equipped in accordance with function. Then users are positioned within the arrogate containers to simplify connectivity. This increases productivity as a result of users are near the resources they need. When a person logs in to the community, the person can access any remonstrate within the Tree, in spite of its region. This provides a slick capacity for managing not best clients, however additionally consummate their hardware and functions. Of course, in the eDirectory tree (as in existence), it is most advantageous to situation user objects and their materials (Printers, Servers, and Volumes) in shut proximity to each and every different.
A directory provider performs a pair of fundamental tasks, including birthright here:
Connecting disparate techniques—A directory service integrates and organizes heterogeneous techniques to enable them to participate criterion administration. In brand fresh company world, such systems are required not handiest to talk with each different, but additionally to participate suggestions and utilize generic capabilities to meet the objectives of the firm.
fulfilling the needs of the person, corporation, and company—The community ought to live springy enough to give a set of wonderful features in keeping with individual wants.
Emulating consummate company relationships—The community necessity to live capable of making unavoidable that trusted relationships are constructed and maintained between people, business, the business's intranet, and the consummate over the world web.
Coordinating assistance move—tips may besides emanate both from the industry (procedural) or from the community (technical). A directory service coordinates suggestions circulation, no live counted what the source or classification of counsel.
making unavoidable assistance availability—A directory provider gives a pass for making consummate community suggestions available to users, instruments, functions, or different supplies.
A listing and a Relational Database management device (RDBMS) are two separate entities with different capabilities. even if a directory is a group of suggestions, it doesn't supplant the common RDBMS. Directories and databases complement one an extra, despite the fact that they serve different purposes.
customarily, a listing service may live used in birthright here ways:
Organizing facts—A listing provider organizes statistics or counsel for the network. In NetWare 6, eDirectory retailers consummate consumer, server, printer, and different network machine suggestions.
getting access to information with ease—comparable to the file-and-folder device used on a computer, a listing service makes guidance about network components available to clients, contraptions, and applications. A listing service offers personnel with international entry to community resources. companies and organizations besides utilize listing services to provide consumer authentication and authorization for using these community supplies and features. For companies with gigantic numbers of mobile users, eDirectory provides a means for storing consumer information required via some applications. (Such purposes are described as listing-enabled.) From the person's aspect of view, a directory service gives a worldwide view of consummate community resources, corresponding to users, purposes, functions, gadget elements, and instruments.
proposing security—A listing provider uniquely identifies network components, locates network objects when required, supports powerful safety facets, and controls the consumer access to network substances.
featuring features to purchasers—For groups taking odds of the features of electronic company transactions, directory capabilities can assist prepare multiple databases while assisting to mesh disparate network systems. This provides greater management of methods between valued clientele, employees, and provide-chain partners. The ensuing advantages are as follows: reduced expenses for administration and hardware, sooner access to facts and tips, and cozy community entry with advanced vice tolerance.
From a customary point of view, listing services can besides supply digital provisioning, more desirable protection, client profiling, digital wallets, automated notification methods, customized internet interfaces, and virtual inner most networks (VPNs).
A digital deepest community (VPN) frequently is used to switch elegant enterprise suggestions across an untrusted network (such as the web) in a secure style (customarily by encapsulating and encrypting data).
So, what carry out you suppose? Is a listing carrier for you? Who knows—you might even relish it.listing architecture
As you retain in mind, the directory carrier offers access to the eDirectory database, which consists of consummate components for the gross network. What precisely does eDirectory appear like? From the backyard, it feels relish a large cloud hovering over your network. On the internal, however, it follows a hierarchical tree structure corresponding to the internet domain gadget. it truly is, beginning on the WWW Root and increasing to ".com" domains and finally to servers. In NetWare 6, this design is talked about because the listing guidance Tree, which is shortened to the "tree" for applications of their dialogue.
suppose of the tree as really being inverted. As in nature, the eDirectory tree starts with the Tree remonstrate (referred to as the Tree Root) and builds from there. next, it sprouts container objects, which might live branches reaching toward the sky. ultimately, leaf objects provide network performance to users, servers, and the file gadget. As that you may contemplate in motif three.1, the tree analogy is alive and smartly.
figure three.1 The figurative listing features tree.
The actual eDirectory tree is made up of ratiocinative community objects. eDirectory objects define ratiocinative or physical entities that deliver organizational or technical characteristic to the community. As you will contemplate later during this chapter, they Come in three flavors:
The Tree Root is the very upright of the eDirectory tree. since it represents the cavity porthole to the eDirectory world, its icon is appropriately an image of a tree. Container objects define the organizational boundaries of the eDirectory tree and condo different container objects and/or leaf objects. When a container remonstrate carries different objects, it is known as a parent object.
ultimately, leaf objects are the actual or ratiocinative network resources that give technical capabilities and network performance. Leaf objects silhouette the bottom flat of the eDirectory structure. you will live taught concerning the most entertaining leaf objects later in this chapter.
The structure of the listing is governed through a collection of rules collectively typical because the listing schema. These suggestions silhouette the category of statistics, the syntax of that facts, and the objects the directory can contain. Schema suggestions descend into two broad categories:
Object character definitions—These define the classification of objects and the attributes of those objects.
Attribute definitions—These define the constitution (syntax and constraints) of an attribute. with ease pointed out, the ascribe cost is the actual content material or data.
bear in intelligence after I instructed you that eDirectory changed into based on the X.500 typical? earlier than you travel tree hiking and learn the dynamics of eDirectory, catch a brief study that typical to contemplate what that consummate ability. I regard you're going to spot some extraordinary similarities between X.500 and what you may gain simply erudite about listing functions.figuring out X.500
X.500 is an international regular for naming capabilities. a gross lot of industry standards, akin to DNA (Digital community structure), utilize X.500 with their personal naming services to provide address-to-name determination and listing services. This allows these allotted machines to exist in a gigantic hierarchical management equipment.
X.500 organizes network components (reminiscent of users and servers) into a globally accessible listing. The X.500 specification establishes guidelines for representing, getting access to, and the usage of suggestions stored in a directory database. in fact, eDirectory is Novell's implementation of here X.500 points:
Scalability—enormous databases can live subdivided into smaller listing outfit agents (DSAs). A DSA can signify either a solitary corporation or multiple businesses, and its contents could live disbursed throughout separate directory servers. eDirectory calls them partitions.
Replication—This characteristic permits the listing database, or parts thereof, to live replicated on backup directory servers determined consummate through the community.
Synchronization—as a result of X.500 must manipulate a loosely coupled, allotted database, each and every server gain to live able to synchronize its database contents with other servers. listing database updates can live made both at the customary master database (master-shadow association) or at any writable replica (peer-to-peer mechanism). In both case, X.500 propagates directory database alternate tips to consummate servers conserving replicas of the database or a DSA.
The X.500 listing is represented with the aid of a directory guidance Tree (DIT) and directory tips ground (DIB). at the least one of those should sound typical. The DIB carries objects (or nodes) and their linked houses and values. Intermediate objects act as containers that assist in organizing the DIT. Leaf objects symbolize individual network entities, akin to servers, printers, and so on. consult with determine three.2 for an illustration of the X.500 listing structure.
The guidelines that verify the class of suggestions that can live saved within the DIB are held in the directory's schema. (Now this should live sounding definitely popular.) each and every remonstrate in an X.500 DIT has a special identify that is referred to as its individual name, or DN, (it's, comprehensive identify). each remonstrate can besides even live referred to by means of a relative uncommon name, or RDN, (it's, partial name).
listing database entry is managed by a DSA running on a native server. users entry the database via a directory user Agent (DUA). DUAs can live establish in command-line, types-based, and browser-fashion interfaces. DSAs and DUAs communicate with each other the usage of the listing entry Protocol (DAP). furthermore, DSAs can besides talk with one one more the utilize of the listing system Protocol (DSP), listing tips Shadowing Protocol (DISP), or the directory Operational Binding administration Protocol (DOP).
determine three.2 X.500 directory structure.
Now that you simply live vigilant of the situation listing capabilities got here from and usually how they travail in NetWare 6, it live time to carry out some tree mountain climbing! sounds relish that fun I promised you, would not it?
EUC with HCI: Why It concerns
you are answerable for managing 15,000 person money owed and 20,000 computer systems for your business. it's 9 a.m. on Monday. carry out you know the situation your clients' computer systems are? if you're working for a customary enterprise, well-nigh definitely you carry out not. "British Telecom recently audited their IT property and establish that that they had 20,000 greater computer systems than they thought," says Dave Bingham, Consulting Director, Fujitsu Consulting UK. Now it is a significant systems management problem!
Many businesses are sinking below the weight of their existing legacy community identity, entry handle, and provisioning methods. probably the most warning signals that you just might gain a problem:
What carry out Novell, identification administration and LDAP (lightweight listing access Protocol) ought to carry out with any of this? is this the equal moribund industry intimate for the age NetWare, NDS (Novell directory carrier), and GroupWise product traces? yes, a revitalized Novell is aggressively pursuing the network identity management and directory features market with a fresh technology of LDAP-based mostly products and technologies. by means of constructing on Novell's traditional strengths in listing management and de-coupling these items from their flagship NDS NOS product, it is hoping to compete at once with iPlanet, Oblix, primary route, Microsoft, and other identity administration providers. The next few years might live a battleground for community id vendors and consultants as they fight to set up themselves during this fresh industry. allow us to catch a extra extensive notice at Novell's LDAP implementation and directory provider products to notice why acquire confident to live critically given that them if you necessity an enterprise scale LDAP equipment.
Why Novell and LDAP?Novell realized it needed an open common for its front-end software utility. LDAP become the evident option as a result of Novell had historically based mostly each the NetWare and NDS methods on the X.500 protocol and LDAP became at the beginning designed because the X.500 entrance end. In March 1999, Novell launched a replica of open supply LDAP as a fraction of its SDK (software developer's package) indicating its replete aid for the LDAP normal. on the time Kurt Zeilenga, chief architect of the OpenLDAP venture, referred to, "global adoption of applied sciences requires that builders gain entry to open and reusable code. they are blissful that Novell has chosen to acquire utilize of OpenLDAP application and has made its changes available to the group so consummate may besides benefit. They loom ahead to working with Novell in furthering open supply LDAP software." It evidently had the complete assist of the developer neighborhood.
besides the fact that children LDAP has been round as a common protocol on account that 1995 until these days it has been a strictly returned-workplace commercial enterprise community service. prior to now, the simplest open criterion for directories changed into X.500, introduced in 1988. considering X.500 changed into OSI mannequin based mostly, LDAP become designed to serve as a translation protocol between the TCP/IP and OSI models. since it is essentially the most open and springy of consummate the community features protocols, the community id management neighborhood has embraced it as the core know-how to connect consumer and laptop id tips together into one seamless whole. it's now the de facto typical for many principal id management services functions. Openwave and iPlanet each utilize LDAP as the underlying tackle directory know-how for commercial enterprise electronic mail functions items. LDAP is a longtime, potent, scalable open directory regular -- an extremely alluring solution.
Novell NDS and LDAPHow has that modified Novell's products? First, let us notice at the particulars of how the NDS device has totally incorporated LDAP. NDS eight gives robust LDAP assist by pass of enabling entry without deliberate to a NDS data shop. This affords the best of both worlds -- open standards for listing access while leveraging Novell's protection strengths akin to potent authentication and server-server replication. This more advantageous assist includes:
eDirectory - Novell's listing carrier ProducteDirectory, which evolved from NDS, is a directory carrier that is scalable, extensible, and towering performance. definitely, Novell has publicly tested that eDirectory can manipulate more than one billion objects in a solitary tree. This capacity some distance exceeds what most enterprise networks or e-groups will ever require. a few of eDirectory's fundamental accessories relish international printing functions are included into NetWare 6.
FeaturesSome of eDirectory's fresh or enhanced points covered in version 8.7 - codenamed "Falcon" are:
directory StructureHere is a short overview of the Novell directory constitution from exact to backside. Novell calls its directories "container objects."
DirXMLDir XML offers bi-directional and Meta-directory capabilities between e-directory and different enterprise and legacy systems. The methods communicate by without deliberate processing XML documents. DirXML runs on numerous systems -- Linux, NetWare, Solaris, and windows NT/2000, but requires eDirectory 8.5 or later. presently obtainable DirXML drivers include:
DirXML ComponentsBetween eDirectory/DirXML there are two different types of statistics flows.
Developer ServicesAdditional capabilities and products Novell presents peculiarly designed to assist developers encompass:
Some CautionsNovell is relocating the arrogate path through porting the kit to distinctive systems, but if you really necessity to gain a totally integrated equipment, recall to nevertheless live the utilize of the different Novell products along with eDirectory. despite the fact eDirectory has some noteworthy facets that acquire it less difficult to promote industry scaled listing features primarily based functions, it continues to live at heart an NDS based mostly product. it will probably travail choicest for you if you already gain a NetWare installing and some familiarity with the Novell approach to network primarily based industry functions. Tony Neal, IT manager at Marriott overseas Inc. views Novell LDAP aid as "one more piece of the protocol perplex for you to tie every microscopic thing collectively, with NDS because the real engine underneath". It isn't transparent when speaking to Novell how many of their eDirectory installations are basically fresh shoppers and not just additional earnings to the latest Novell client base.
just a few years lower back Novell took a major misstep once they proposed a brand fresh correct-level .dir domain for the cyber web. The proposed .dir domain become a so-called chartered domain and would gain required .dir candidates to live wholly compliant with LDAP 2000, an LDAP conformance notice at various backed via DIF. Novell claimed that organising the .dir district turned into critical since it would assure the class of web sites that would utilize it. The proposed district instantly met with group resistance and was birthright away withdrawn. "Why is every person looking to ICANN to rubber-stamp their enterprise models?" said Rick Wesson, CEO of Alice's Registry, in Santa Cruz, Calif., a consultancy for ICANN-accredited registrars. "Novell wants to create a LDAP (light-weight listing access Protocol) root, however doesn't want a TLD to carry out this. it may possibly build the equal infrastructure below the present DNS domains."
Is Novell concerned with LDAP?Novell has been lively with two rising IETF specifications groups. These efforts will no doubt whirl out to live in future Novell internet, working gadget, and listing items.
Novell developers are working on the next unlock of Netware code named "Nakoma." it will comprise more desirable DirXML champion for tighter integration between NetWare, Novell Portal capabilities, and legacy company directories that require directory-primarily based identity and access features. present projected availability is summer time 2003.
Some enhancements which are a fraction of "project destiny" the universal Novell eDirectory and directory enhancement exertion include:
In conclusion, Novell has been working complicated to situation itself within the forefront of the LDAP edifice community. Novell has leveraged its knowledge with X.500 and NDS to create a powerful set of tools the utilize of LDAP and the NDS structure. when you are sober about significant-scale identification administration functions and besides you already gain some familiarity with the Novell environment, eDirectory might live just the toolkit you should construct your utility.
further resourcesBeth Cohen is president of Luth laptop consultants, Inc., a consulting supervene that specialize in IT infrastructure for smaller companies. She has been in the trenches supporting enterprise IT infrastructure for over two decades in a few different fields including structure, development, engineering, application, telecommunications, and research. She is presently writing a publication about IT for the minuscule enterprise and pursuing an suggestions Age MBA from Bentley college.
Hallett German is an IT advisor who is experienced in implementing sturdy IT infrastructures with an accent on electronic messaging and directories. he's the founding father of the Northeast SAS clients community and former President of the REXX Language affiliation. he's the writer of three books on scripting languages.
» contemplate consummate Articles via Columnist Beth Cohen
November 17, 1999Web posted at: 2:29 p.m. EST (1929 GMT)
by means of Jana SanchezFrom...
LAS VEGAS (IDG) -- Novell has introduced a version of NDS (Novell listing services) that runs on the home windows NT, Novell NetWare and sun Microsystems' Solaris working programs.
available now, the NDS eDirectory is a directory platform that allows for the user to collect, retain and talk assistance about clients, consumers and industry companions.
moreover the three platforms that are available now, the directory will besides travail with Linux and Compaq's Tru64 Unix OS within the first half of next year.Novell is touting NDS e-listing as an e-commerce device on the pass to allow businesses to participate assistance with its companions and suppliers.
"Extranet equals additional travail ... as opposed to create a VPN (digital inner most community) you are sharing tips using open protocols relish SSL (relaxed sockets layer) and LDAP (light-weight directory entry protocol)," pointed out Paul Corriveau, NDS product advertising and marketing supervisor, in an interview.
the fresh listing is being placed as a product that e-commerce providers can utilize to build up highly personalized profiles to present customized services to valued clientele.
one in every of Novell's customers, introduced here, is CNN Interactive, so one can utilize the know-how to store consumer profiles for its web web site. When clients log onto the directory by the utilize of CNN's internet site, they'll acquire customized news, services and advertising, Corriveau observed.
"building this contour of personalized recommendation as a pass to target purchasers is the real magnitude of directories," pointed out Dana Gardner, an analyst with Aberdeen community in Boston. "by means of having potent directories, agencies can target particular individuals and present the features these individuals need."
"it's consummate about loyalty -- creating relationships and customized capabilities is the most effective pass to build loyalty," Corriveau talked about.
"consumers odds since the counsel about their desires and wishes can besides live provided to a gigantic variety of product and repair providers," Gardner spoke of.
through the utilize of eDirectory you could allow partners to access your directory the utilize of a browser by means of LDAP, Corriveau said. The partners should not gain to gain eDirectory.
privateness considerations are besides addressed by the listing, Corriveau referred to. "eDirectory has developed-in access controls so that you can acquire a determination how a gross lot counsel companions share."
In an try to earn application vendors to better purposes for eDirectory, Novell is making a gift the listing to any ISV (unbiased software providers). The ISVs can download it and utilize it to promote their purposes and that they can bundle a limited eDirectory license with their utility.
Novell besides announced the availability of NDS company version, an utility that sits on birthright of NDS e-directory that integrates network materials across varied systems.
NDS eDirectory is $2 per consumer and NDS corporate version is $26 per person.
Jana Sanchez is London bureau chief for the IDG tidings carrier.connected stories:
Novell plans to outcluster home windows NTSeptember 13, 1999NetWare 5.0 pulls consummate of it togetherAugust 3, 1999Novell and Microsoft correspond on XML-based standardJuly 14, 1999linked IDG.net studies:
Comdex: Novell CEO unveils NDS eDirectory(IDG.internet)Novell jumps into e-commerce arena with eDirectory(InfoWorld electric)NetPro helps directory management(InfoWorld electric)community log-ins eased through NDS(InfoWorld electric)lost NDS characteristic muddles NetWare/Win 2000 administration(InfoWorld electric)repute of NDS-energetic listing integration is noiseless up within the air(InfoWorld electric)Migration device eases road from NDS to vigorous listing(InfoWorld electric powered)NDS eight.0 presents competent community awareness(Civic.com)
note: Pages will open in a fresh browser windowexterior websites are not endorsed through CNN Interactive. linked websites:
word: Pages will open in a brand fresh browser windowexterior websites aren't endorsed via CNN Interactive.
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This chapter covers the following testing objectives for Novell Course 3001: Foundations of Novell Networking:
Identify basic Directory Service tasks.
Identify common Directory Service uses.
Describe how a Directory is structured.
Identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.
Identify how eDirectory 8.6 works.
Identify and characterize the composition of eDirectory.
Identify and characterize eDirectory remonstrate classes.
Identify the stream and design of the eDirectory tree.
NetWare 6 introduces eDirectory 8.6, the greatest version to date of Novell's world-class directory service.
eDirectory is the world's leading Directory service. It provides a unifying, cross-platform infrastructure for managing, securing, accessing, and developing consummate major components of your network. eDirectory scales to the largest network environments, including the Internet. Because it is based on the X.500 standard, eDirectory supports Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP), Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), and the Java programming environment.
eDirectory can store and manage millions of objects in a seamless ballet of communications. It besides provides the foundation network service for consummate NetWare servers and network resources. In fact, after network communications, it is the most fundamental network service offered by NetWare 6.
With consummate this in mind, I'm confident you would correspond that eDirectory management is one of your key responsibilities as a Novell CNA (Certified Network Administrator). In this chapter, you will explore four primary lessons regarding eDirectory management:
Introduction to Directory Services—You'll start with a brief introduction to the basics of Directory services, including some common uses and how a Directory is structured.
Understanding eDirectory 8.6—Then you'll explore the architecture of Novell eDirectory version 8.6 and compare it to its predecessor, Novell Directory Services (NDS).
Using eDirectory Objects—You'll dig into the basics behind eDirectory's three types of objects: the Tree object, container objects, and leaf objects.
Implementing eDirectory 8.6 Naming—Finally, you'll learn about naming conventions used in eDirectory, including naming context rules and inheritance.
As you can see, there's a lot to learn in this chapter and when it's consummate done, you'll live an accomplished eDirectory administrator. So, let's earn started!
Test Objectives Covered:
Identify basic Directory Service tasks.
Identify common Directory Service uses.
Describe how a Directory is structured.
Identify the role and benefits of eDirectory.
The Directory Service is one of the most fundamental network services provided by consummate NetWare 6 servers. In fact, it represents the communications hub for administrative connectivity between consummate servers in a large NetWare 6 network. As such, Directory Service management is one of your key responsibilities as the network administrator.
As its cognomen implies, the Directory service provides access to a database, called eDirectory, that contains consummate resources for the entire network. This object-oriented database is organized into a hierarchical structure called the tree. eDirectory provides the basic foundation for the Directory service, including capabilities for replication and distribution. Directory is capitalized in this case to differentiate it from the directory (or folder) in the file system. In fact, these two "directories" define the two major roles of a NetWare 6 CNA: File System Administrator (directories and files) and eDirectory Administrator (The Directory).
The Directory service is your friend. It may appear a microscopic intimidating at first, but when you earn to know the Directory service (and eDirectory, for that matter), it's actually fun. Really.How Directory Services Work
A Directory service classifies consummate network resources into a finite number of objects. These objects can live organized by function, location, size, type, or color—it doesn't matter. The point is, a Directory service organizes network resources independently from their physical locations. For example, servers are organized according to function. Then users are placed in the arrogate containers to simplify connectivity. This increases productivity because users are near the resources they need. When a user logs in to the network, the user can access any remonstrate in the Tree, regardless of its location. This provides a slick means for managing not only users, but besides consummate their hardware and applications. Of course, in the eDirectory tree (as in life), it is best to situation User objects and their resources (Printers, Servers, and Volumes) in near proximity to each other.
A Directory service performs several basic tasks, including the following:
Connecting disparate systems—A Directory service integrates and organizes heterogeneous systems to allow them to participate common management. In today's industry world, such systems are required not only to communicate with each other, but besides to participate information and utilize common services to meet the objectives of the organization.
Satisfying the needs of the user, organization, and business—The network must live springy enough to provide a set of unique services based on individual needs.
Emulating consummate industry relationships—The network must live capable of ensuring that trusted relationships are built and maintained between people, business, the company's intranet, and the World Wide Web.
Coordinating information flow—Information may emanate either from the industry (procedural) or from the network (technical). A Directory service coordinates information flow, no matter what the source or character of information.
Ensuring information availability—A Directory service provides a means for making consummate network information available to users, devices, applications, or other resources.
A Directory and a Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) are two separate entities with different functions. Even though a Directory is a collection of information, it does not supplant the traditional RDBMS. Directories and databases complement one another, even though they serve different purposes.
Typically, a Directory service may live used in the following ways:
Organizing data—A Directory service organizes data or information for the network. In NetWare 6, eDirectory stores consummate user, server, printer, and other network device information.
Accessing information easily—Similar to the file-and-folder system used on a computer, a Directory service makes information about network resources available to users, devices, and applications. A Directory service provides employees with global access to network resources. Businesses and organizations besides utilize Directory services to provide user authentication and authorization for using these network resources and services. For organizations with large numbers of mobile users, eDirectory provides a means for storing user information required by some applications. (Such applications are described as Directory-enabled.) From the user's point of view, a Directory service provides a global view of consummate network resources, such as users, applications, services, system resources, and devices.
Providing security—A Directory service uniquely identifies network resources, locates network objects when required, supports robust security features, and controls the user access to network resources.
Providing services to customers—For organizations taking odds of the features of electronic industry transactions, Directory services can assist organize multiple databases while helping to mesh disparate network systems. This provides better management of processes between customers, employees, and supply-chain partners. The resulting benefits are as follows: reduced costs for administration and hardware, faster access to data and information, and secure network access with superior vice tolerance.
From a generic perspective, Directory services can besides provide electronic provisioning, enhanced security, customer profiling, electronic wallets, automated notification systems, customized Web interfaces, and virtual private networks (VPNs).
A virtual private network (VPN) often is used to transfer sensitive company information across an untrusted network (such as the Internet) in a secure mode (typically by encapsulating and encrypting data).
So, what carry out you think? Is a Directory service for you? Who knows—you might even relish it.Directory Architecture
As you recall, the Directory service provides access to the eDirectory database, which contains consummate resources for the entire network. What exactly does eDirectory notice like? From the outside, it looks relish a gigantic cloud hovering over your network. On the inside, however, it follows a hierarchical tree structure similar to the Internet domain system. That is, starting at the WWW Root and expanding to ".com" domains and eventually to servers. In NetWare 6, this design is referred to as the Directory Information Tree, which is shortened to the "tree" for purposes of their discussion.
Think of the tree as actually being inverted. As in nature, the eDirectory tree starts with the Tree remonstrate (called the Tree Root) and builds from there. Next, it sprouts container objects, which are branches reaching toward the sky. Finally, leaf objects provide network functionality to users, servers, and the file system. As you can contemplate in motif 3.1, the tree analogy is alive and well.
Figure 3.1 The figurative Directory services tree.
The real eDirectory tree is made up of ratiocinative network objects. eDirectory objects define ratiocinative or physical entities that provide organizational or technical function to the network. As you will contemplate later in this chapter, they Come in three flavors:
The Tree Root is the very top of the eDirectory tree. Because it represents the opening porthole to the eDirectory world, its icon is appropriately a picture of a tree. Container objects define the organizational boundaries of the eDirectory tree and house other container objects and/or leaf objects. When a container remonstrate contains other objects, it is called a parent object.
Finally, leaf objects are the physical or ratiocinative network resources that provide technical services and network functionality. Leaf objects define the lowest flat of the eDirectory structure. You'll learn about the most piquant leaf objects later in this chapter.
The structure of the Directory is governed by a set of rules collectively known as the Directory schema. These rules define the character of data, the syntax of that data, and the objects the Directory can contain. Schema rules descend into two broad categories:
Object class definitions—These define the character of objects and the attributes of those objects.
Attribute definitions—These define the structure (syntax and constraints) of an attribute. Simply stated, the ascribe value is the actual content or data.
Remember when I told you that eDirectory was based on the X.500 standard? Before you travel tree climbing and explore the dynamics of eDirectory, catch a quick notice at that criterion to contemplate what that consummate means. I contemplate you'll spot some Amazing similarities between X.500 and what you've just erudite about Directory services.Understanding X.500
X.500 is an international criterion for naming services. A variety of industry standards, such as DNA (Digital Network Architecture), utilize X.500 with their own naming services to provide address-to-name resolution and directory services. This enables these distributed machines to exist in a large hierarchical management system.
X.500 organizes network resources (such as users and servers) into a globally accessible Directory. The X.500 specification establishes guidelines for representing, accessing, and using information stored in a directory database. In fact, eDirectory is Novell's implementation of the following X.500 features:
Scalability—Large databases can live subdivided into smaller Directory System Agents (DSAs). A DSA can depict either a solitary organization or multiple organizations, and its contents may live distributed across multiple Directory servers. eDirectory calls them partitions.
Replication—This feature allows the Directory database, or portions thereof, to live replicated on backup Directory servers located throughout the network.
Synchronization—Because X.500 must manage a loosely coupled, distributed database, each server must live able to synchronize its database contents with other servers. Directory database updates may live made either at the original master database (master-shadow arrangement) or at any writable replica (peer-to-peer mechanism). In either case, X.500 propagates Directory database change information to consummate servers holding replicas of the database or a DSA.
The X.500 Directory is represented by a Directory Information Tree (DIT) and Directory Information ground (DIB). At least one of those should sound familiar. The DIB consists of objects (or nodes) and their associated properties and values. Intermediate objects act as containers that aid in organizing the DIT. Leaf objects depict individual network entities, such as servers, printers, and so on. refer to motif 3.2 for an illustration of the X.500 Directory architecture.
The rules that determine the character of information that may live stored in the DIB are held in the Directory's schema. (Now this should live sounding really familiar.) Each remonstrate in an X.500 DIT has a unique cognomen that is referred to as its distinguished name, or DN, (that is, complete name). Each remonstrate may besides live referred to by a relative distinguished name, or RDN, (that is, partial name).
Directory database access is managed by a DSA running on a local server. Users access the database through a Directory User Agent (DUA). DUAs are available in command-line, forms-based, and browser-style interfaces. DSAs and DUAs communicate with each other using the Directory Access Protocol (DAP). Furthermore, DSAs may communicate with one another using the Directory System Protocol (DSP), Directory Information Shadowing Protocol (DISP), or the Directory Operational Binding Management Protocol (DOP).
Figure 3.2 X.500 Directory architecture.
Now that you know where Directory services came from and generally how they travail in NetWare 6, it's time to carry out some tree climbing! Sounds relish that fun I promised you, doesn't it?
Related Resources: Books
Skill Level: Intermediate Status: Active
Low Cost: $375 (shortest track)
Summary:For individuals who resolve advanced company-wide champion problems and high-level network problems. They execute planning, installation, configuration, troubleshooting and upgrade services for networks. The Certified Novell Engineer (CNE) has been recognized as the IT industry's leading certification for advanced networking and troubleshooting.
Initial Requirements:You must pass three exams: Foundations of Novell Open Enterprise Server fpr NetWare ($125), Novell Open Enterprise Server for NetWare promote Admin ($125) and Novell eDirerctory Design and Implementation: eDirectory 8.8 ($125).
An upgrade exam is available for current NetWare 6 certified individuals.
Continuing Requirements:From time to time, Novell Training Services may require you to catch an exam to retain current on the latest solutions and technologies. These exams are considered a Continuing Certification Requirement (CCR), which retain your skills up-to-date and retain your certification valuable in the marketplace.
CNE Pay Chart:
See consummate Novell Certifications
Vendor's page for this certification
Casselberry, FL (PRWEB) May 23, 2012
Zvetco Biometrics, a leader in fingerprint identity and authentication solutions, today announced that the City of Apopka has deployed the company’s P4500 biometric fingerprint reader and the Authasas® enterprise grade biometric software, to achieve compliance with CJIS mandates at condition and federal levels. The City of Apopka selected Zvetco and Viable Solutions, Inc. to provide and install a turn-key solution to secure mobile access to information, reduce helpdesk costs and simplify compliance with the FBI’s Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS) mandate. With this installation, the City of Apopka delivers extremely towering security and convenience through fingerprint scanning.
Within the fresh mandates, agencies must implement unique IDs, sturdy passwords, and comply with the CJIS Advanced Authentication requirement by 2013. However, Advanced Authentication is required for any system upgrade performed after 2005. This means that instead of a 2013 deadline, the mandates must live met at the time of the upgrade. Agencies that are audited and don’t comply with the CJIS policy could live denied access to CJIS systems or physiognomy penalties.
The City of Apopka has chosen Zvetco Biometrics and their VAR, Viable Solutions, Inc. to deliver much needed biometric tools to achieve tight integration within a Novell eDirectory environment. In addition to their all-metal biometric readers, Zvetco provided Authasas®, advanced authentication software that enabled the first of its benevolent connectivity with Novell eDirectory.
City of Apopka’s IT Supervisor, Robert Hippler, says, "Zvetco scanners are a cost effective product that easily connects to their VDI and Physical workstations. With those in situation they are able to deliver the fresh Authasas® Biometric Authentication to desktops, meeting and even exceeding the CJIS requirements."
"Zvetco’s Verifi fingerprint readers deliver on the vow to provide simple yet secure access to organizations’ networks and applications," said Zavi Cohen, CEO at Zvetco Biometrics. "It’s gratifying to contemplate Zvetco solutions supporting government agencies’ needs for security and efficiency in their daily operations. He added, “The Zvetco solution can live utilized in a Novell environment as well as Windows vigorous Directory. By deploying Zvetco’s Enterprise grade fingerprint readers the City of Apopka achieved noteworthy cost benefits when compared with traditional AFIS character readers”.
Eliot Lloyd Lanes, CEO, and CTO of Viable Solutions, Inc. states, “We gain supported the City of Apopka for decades, and they gain worked with Zvetco Biometrics for many years. The City’s IT Director, Donald Kahrs was vigilant that Viable Solutions, Inc. has helped with pioneering efforts in the bailiwick of Biometrics integration. So, when they needed to meet the CJIS requirements, they turned to us. They then looked to Zvetco Biometrics, who presented Authasas. During the project they built near ties with Authasas and together they gain now delivered a solution that will appropriate any current Novell and/or Microsoft environment with ease and cost effectiveness.”
About Zvetco Biometrics
Zvetco Biometrics is a manufacturer of best-in-class identity authentication hardware and provider of identity management solutions. Founded in 1999, Zvetco provides its customers in corporate enterprise, government, pecuniary services, healthcare, gaming, food services and point-of-sale with cost-effective network security tools that prevent identity theft, augment accountability and eradicate the cost and inconvenience of password-based access. Zvetco Biometrics' Verifi™ line of biometric products incorporates precision fingerprint-sensing technology into ergonomic computer peripherals that deliver unparalleled performance, reliability and convenience.
Verifi™ is a trademark of Zvetco Biometrics. Authasas® is a trademark of Authasas, a provider of advanced authentication software. consummate other trademarks, registered trademarks and service marks are the property of their respective owners.
Media Contact: Christy Elliott, Zvetco Media DirectorPhone: (407) 681-0111 Extension: 804Web site: http://www.zvetcobiometrics.com
About Viable Solutions, Inc.
Viable Solutions, Inc. is a world leader in networking and collaboration design, implementation, and support. They besides provide a secure, robust, and reliable private corporate cloud. Founded in 1986, Viable Solutions, Inc. provides its customers in consummate manner of industry cost-effective design, implementation, and champion tools and services (on premise or cloud baased) to meet and exceed their industry process needs. Information about Viable Solutions, Inc. and its products and services by calling (407) 249-9600 option 2.
Media Contact: impress Grebinger, Sales ManagerPhone: (407) 249-9600 Extension: 502Web site: http://www.viable-solutions.com
Read the replete sage at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/5/prweb9529543.htm
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Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [135 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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