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IBM introduced closing night that it's selling the ultimate components from its 1995 acquisition of Lotus to Indian enterprise HCL for $1.eight billion.
IBM paid $3.5 billion for Lotus returned in the day. The grandiose pieces listed below are Lotus Notes, Domino and Portal. These maintain been a big a section of IBM’s industry company for a very long time, but closing 12 months grandiose Blue each and every started to drag away, promoting the edifice half to HCL, while keeping handle of income and advertising and marketing.
This announcement marks the finish of the line for IBM involvement. With the construction of the platform out of its handle, and in want of money after spending $34 billion for crimson Hat, perhaps IBM without difficulty determined it no longer made feel to preserve any section of this in-residence.
As for HCL, it sees an chance to continue to build the Notes/Domino enterprise, and it’s seizing it with this buy. “The colossal-scale deployments of these items provide us with a pretty suitable chance to attain and serve lots of world enterprises across a grandiose scope of industries and markets,” C Vijayakumar, president and CEO at HCL technologies, mentioned in a press release announcing the deal.
Alan Lepofsky, an analyst at Constellation research who continues shut watch on the industry collaboration area, says the sale could represent a sparkling birth for utility that IBM hasn’t definitely been paying shut attention to for a while. “HCL is route more attracted to Notes/Domino than IBM has been for a decade. they're investing heavily, attempting to rejuvenate the company,” Lepofsky told TechCrunch.
while this application may additionally feel lengthy in the teeth, Notes and Domino are soundless in employ in lots of corners of the commercial enterprise, and here is very staunch in EMEA (Europe, heart East and Africa) and AP (Asia Pacific), Lepofsky spoke of.
He brought that IBM looks to be absolutely exiting the collaboration district with this sale. “It appears that IBM is performed with collaboration, out of the video game,” he referred to.
This paddle makes feel for IBM, which is stirring in a different direction because it develops its cloud company. The pink Hat acquisition in October, in specific, shows that the industry desires to embody inner most and hybrid cloud deployments, and older utility enjoy Lotus Notes and Domino don’t in reality play a stint in that world.
The deal, which is district to regulatory approval approaches, is anticipated to shut in the heart of next yr.
IBM bought Lotus software again in 1995 for $3.5 billion. it be now divesting the expertise, along with six other one-time cornerstone enterprise functions.
There was a time when Lotus Notes and Domino maintain been the cornerstones of IBM's utility portfolio, enabling commercial enterprise collaboration and productivity. those days are actually during the past, as IBM is divesting those property, together with a couple of different applications, to HCL technologies.
HCL technologies will pay IBM $1.eight billion, with the deal expected to immediate in mid-2019. apart from Notes and Domino, HCL is acquiring a number of different commercial enterprise functions, including: Appscan for relaxed application building, BigFix for secure machine management, Unica (on-premises) for marketing automation, Commerce (on-premises) for omni-channel eCommerce, Portal (on-premises) for digital journey, and Connections for workstream collaboration.
"We trust the time is appropriate to divest these choose collaboration, marketing and commerce application assets, which can be more and more delivered as standalone items," John Kelly, IBM senior vp, Cognitive solutions and analysis, wrote in a media advisory. " at the equal time, they agree with these products are a robust strategic proper for HCL, and that HCL is neatly positioned to power innovation and growth for his or her shoppers."
IBM has more and more been stirring into cloud and synthetic intelligence over the ultimate four years, and has constructed up different property that it will focal point on.applications
lots of the purposes being bought to HCL had been at the birth received by using IBM from different vendors.
IBM obtained Lotus software, maker of Notes and Domino, in 1995 for $3.5 billion, though the Lotus company wasn't dropped by IBM unless 2012.
AppScan which is now being bought to HCL, became as soon as the cornerstone of the IBM Rational utility portfolio. IBM received the AppScan product portfolio as a section of the acquisition of protection seller Watchfire in June 2007.
BigFix turned into got via IBM to gyrate into a section of its Tivoli operations division in July 2010, whereas Unica was bought via IBM in August 2010 for $480 million.HCL technologies
HCL technologies is based in Noida, India, and positions itself as a digital transformation enterprise. HCL and IBM had already been partnering on lots of the received application belongings.
"We continue to peer outstanding alternatives in the market to increase their Mode-three (items and platforms) offerings," C Vijayakumar, President & CEO, HCL technologies, wrote in a media advisory. "The products that they are acquiring are in huge becoming market areas enjoy security, advertising and marketing and Commerce, which might be strategic segments for HCL. a lot of these products are neatly regarded by customers and located in the exact quadrant via industry analysts."
Sean Michael Kerner is a senior editor at EnterpriseAppsToday and InternetNews.com. solemnize him on Twitter @TechJournalist.
IBM posted a succession of screenshots of the tentative iNotes consumer interface, with the disclaimer that particulars are realm to alternate with out note. those adjustments may additionally seemingly comprehend nearer adherence to Apple's Human Interface instructions for the iPhone, as described in Apple's Introduction to Safari web content material steer for iPhone.
The photos beneath are AppleInsider's composited representations of what the Lotus iNotes client will examine enjoy in the Safari browser, including advocate for email attachments, calendar activities, and contacts.
The odds of a fresh platform
The common Lotus, which IBM bought in 1995, stumbled within the mid 80s in section because of its vulnerable assist for the brand fresh Macintosh. The company then held a lock on the DOS spreadsheet market with Lotus 1-2-3, however its equal product for Apple's fresh Mac, known as Lotus Jazz, failed miserably partly as a result of its want of following Apple's human interface guidelines. Jazz become furthermore expensive, late, and buggy.
That misstep allowed Microsoft to enter the Mac spreadsheet market nearly unchallenged, and upward thrust from being a DOS license distributor into a brand fresh role as a grandiose computer software developer with transcend on the Macintosh. Microsoft later ported transcend to the DOS notebook using its home windows environment, and instantly ate into Lotus' 1-2-three income.
Lotus finally ported its 1-2-three flagship to the Mac in 1991, however by route of then it was too late. After IBM purchased the continues to be of Lotus four years later, the pair floundered for years in the laptop utility market, with Lotus' SmartSuite continuously losing market share to Microsoft's office, in big measure as a result of the incontrovertible fact that Microsoft may promote workplace licenses directly to computing device makers tied to its paramount windows platform.
currently, IBM has embarked on a fresh approach that backs solar's OpenOffice suite. IBM is marketing its distribution of the open source option to Microsoft workplace below the denomination Lotus Symphony, and has introduced plans to deliver the suite for gratis to Mac users, as well as carefully integrating the productivity suite to its Lotus Notes messaging server.
IBM making a stake on Apple
assist for the iPhone in Lotus Notes is only IBM's latest step in investing in Apple's systems as a aggressive alternative to Microsoft's home windows. An AP file from January cited IBM spokesman Mike Azzi as noting that his industry has "plenty in common" with Apple. "we're going to cross-pollinate," he noted.
previous this yr in can also, IBM released its Informix information Server eleven for Mac OS X Server. And over the course of the ultimate year, dissimilar corporations within the enterprise maintain launched pilot classes aimed at evaluating steer for migrating to Apple's Mac computers in the company.
An prefatory anatomize at IBM research, which started in October of 2007, establish that 86% of those participating desired to retain their MacBook seasoned laptops over returning again to IBM ThinkPads operating home windows. “It has been simpler researching the Mac than learning Vista,” one participant suggested. IBM has seeing that elevated its Mac pilot software.
business a nearly untapped odds for Apple
regardless of enthusiastic pastime in Macs from clients and a strategic competitive activity in windows options from Apple amongst executives, IBM presently has a extremely miniature share (under 1%) of its international staff using Macs. Many different groups in a similar fashion maintain a miniature proportion of Macs of their set in base.
although, Apple's dynamic and sustained boom in different markets, together with its schooling stronghold and the an Awful lot easier to enter buyer market, are having an result on adoption in the enterprise. revenue of Apple's Mac computer systems maintain sharply risen at a expense of between 30 and forty% 12 months over yr (Mac market share), in an typical computer market it really is barely starting to be by means of 3-four%.
A survey of 750 international IT directors and C-degree executives by the yank group discovered that pretty much 4 out of five businesses —or approximately 80%—have at least a few Macs and the Mac OS X operating outfit installed of their networks, and just about one-quarter spoke of their difficult had a "big" number of Macs set in in their community of more than 30 to 50 contraptions.
IBM's iNotes is the newest illustration of how the iPhone is assisting to stoke activity in Apple's hardware, application, and construction tools in the enterprise. In its prefatory iPhone 2.0 announcement, Apple cited that over a third of Fortune 500 groups had sought access to the business's ongoing iPhone industry Beta software.
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news The Federal Department of Health and Ageing has revealed it will be the latest Australian government agency to dump IBM’s Lotus Notes/Domino environment in favour of a switch to a collaboration platform built on the Outlook/Exchange ecosystem, as section of a continuing trend of migrations to the Microsoft platform.
In tender documents released yesterday and first reported by iTNews, the department famous that it currently used version 8.5 of the Lotus Notes/Domino system for its 6,000-odd staff located across some 40 sites around Australia. The platform is used for email, address books, contacts, calendaring and resource management (such as booking rooms) functionality.
“In late 2012, a determination was taken to transition/migrate email from Lotus Notes and Domino to Microsoft Outlook and Exchange,” the department noted. “This will allow the Department to more fully leverage the integrated functionality of the Microsoft Office suite and maximise the options available to it in considering the ongoing ICT advocate services and agreements that will be in site from mid-2015.”
As is common with organisations which maintain been using Notes/Domino for some time, the department furthermore has a scope of industry applications which maintain been developed using the IBM platform, any of which interoperate with the email and calendar functions of Lotus. As section of its tendering pains kicked off this week, the department famous that it was furthermore seeking recommendation on a strategy to decommission those platforms and establish alternate systems. It appears as though the department will travel to market separately at some stage in the future for service providers to assist it with actually migrating off those legacy systems.
The current agreement under which DoHA operates its Lotus collaboration platform is an IT services arrangement which the department famous was scheduled to expire on 30 June 2015. “… there are sourcing and procurement strategies being developed to enable an appropriate sourcing process to be in site in promote of 30 June 2015,” the department wrote. “It is expected that the plenary migration of email from Lotus Notes and Domino to Microsoft Outlook and Exchange will be completed by June 2014, well in promote of any change in IT service provision arrangements.”
Also included as section of the deal will be the Therapeutic Goods Administration, which sources some, but not all, of its IT services from DoHA’s central IT function. The TGA has about 690 staff, primarily located in Canberra.
The news of DoHA’s shift away from Notes/Domino may reflect the first step in what could potentially be long-term plans to crash up its extensive IT outsourcing agreement with IBM, which has not been formally tested in a tender process since it was signed in 1999.
In tender documents released in September 2012, DoHA famous that it was looking for an advising ally to develop and provide appropriate options for the provision of core ICT services; develop an ICT sourcing strategy, provide a project diagram to implement the ICT sourcing strategy, and provide professional skills to develop the proposed ICT sourcing strategy. It is unclear how this fresh recommendation will relate to existing recommendation provided to Health on its ICT sourcing strategy and costing $1.5 million in 2010, as reported by iTNews.
It is unusual for sizable departments such as DoHA to require an external organisation to develop its IT sourcing strategy, with such a strategy more normally developed by the in-house office of the chief information officer. DoHA does maintain such an office — the Office of the chief information lore officer, as well as a centralised IT function which it describes as being responsible for the provision of the majority of its networked and shared IT services; and it furthermore has discrete IT functions within unavoidable line of industry areas.
DoHA’s current chief information lore officer is Paul Madden, who was appointed to the position in December 2010.
The ultimate time DoHA renewed the contract with IBM was in December 2010, after initially denying that it had done so, and in the context of significant media pressure from outlets such as iTNews, which has pointed out to Health that significant government contracts are required to be market tested through the tendering process regularly, to ensure departments are obtaining value for money. At the time, the department had gained special dispensation to be able to renew the long-running IBM contract without putting it to competitive tender.
Delimiter is currently seeking to access any ICT sourcing strategy recommendation provided to DoHA or developed internally, under license of Information laws.
DoHA will be just the latest major Australian organisation to shift off Lotus Notes and onto Exchange, with many other groups having conducted such projects over the past few years. One notable exception is the Australian Bureau of Statistics, which has publicly described itself as “a gay Notes camper”.
opinion/analysisIt looks enjoy the cracks are starting to emerge in DoHA’s long-running relationship with IBM. I wouldn’t be surprised at each and every to descry it crash up the contract substantially over the next year and hand chunks off to emulate companies such as CSC or Fujitsu.
Before delving into the inner workings of the OSGi console, it is best to briefly complicated OSGi. OSGi stands for Open Services Gateway initiative framework. This framework allows software to be written and executed as independent components. In OSGi-speak, these components are referred to as bundles. OSGi is used in a wide scope of applications, from client programs such as Eclipse and IBM Lotus Notes, to mobile phones, to server applications such as IBM Lotus Domino. As a result of their modular nature, OSGi bundles can be started, stopped, and debugged on an individual basis, without the necessity for stopping or restarting the entire platform. Both the Domino server and the Notes client employ Eclipse’s implementation of OSGi (Equinox) as their OSGi runtime platform.
OSGi was added to the Domino platform in release 8.5.2. As a result, in Domino 8.5.2, the XPages runtime was repackaged to quicken as OSGi bundles (instead of just a regular collection of Java JARS), furthermore referred to as Eclipse plug-ins.
The OSGi console allows for the input of commands that the OSGi platform then performs. The platform posts the results of such commands back to the console. The OSGi platform itself has a gross host of commands that can simplify the troubleshooting of problems. The OSGi console can assist developers in developing XPages controls and applications, as well as assisting advocate personnel in diagnosing runtime issues. Developers who extend the XPages runtime by creating libraries will find the OSGi console commands to be a particularly powerful appliance in analyzing problems. The OSGi console is of particular employ when the developer/administrator needs to know whether individual plug-ins (or sets of plug-ins) are loading correctly or which version of a plug-in is in use.
As mentioned earlier, OSGi is embedded within both the Notes client and the Domino server. Depending on where your XPages application is running (whether on the client or the server), your method of accessing the OSGi console will vary. They start by explaining how to access the OSGi console on the Domino server.
OSGi is embedded within the HTTP stint on the Domino server, as a result, the OSGi console is started automatically whenever the HTTP stint is started. OSGi console commands are routed to the OSGi console via the HTTP task. That is, when entering an OSGi console command on the Domino server, the user must reiterate the HTTP stint to route the specified command to the OSGi console—for example:tell http osgi <<command>>
Here, <<command>> is the denomination of the OSGi console command. Any OSGi command can be executed using the preceding syntax.
When it comes to OSGi commands, every developer and administrator should know several rudimentary commands. These commands can be your “go to” commands when problems arise—say, when you suspect bundle loading might be a factor. Even when you attain not mediate that bundle loading is the problem, it is often best to first substantiate that the bundle is actually loaded before proceeding with other debugging techniques.
Table 3.2 lists some of the more commonly used OSGi commands that are available to employ for diagnosing plug-in issues on the Domino server (and furthermore the Notes client). In Table 3.2, bundle-symbolic-name is referenced extensively. This is the denomination by which the OSGi platform references bundles. bundle-symbolic-name correlates directly to the Bundle-SymbolicName manifest header, often referred to as the plug-in name.Table 3.2. OSGi Console Commands
tell http osgi diag <bundle-symbolic-name>
Diagnoses the status of the bundle whose denomination is provided. Determines whether the bundle is resolved and, if not, states why the bundle is not resolved.
tell http osgi ss <bundle-symbolic-name>
Lists the status of each and every bundles in the system. Optionally, a symbolic denomination or a symbolic denomination prefix can be provided to obtain the status of a particular bundle or a subset of bundles.
tell http osgi start <bundle-symbolic-name>
Starts the bundle with the specified symbolic name.
tell http osgi halt <bundle-symbolic-name>
Stops the bundle with the specified symbolic name.
tell http osgi b <bundle-symbolic-name>
Prints metadata relating to the specified bundle.
tell http osgi headers <bundle-symbolic-name>
Lists the OSGi headers for the specified bundle.
tell http osgi help
Lists each and every the OSGi command available on the server, along with some text describing each command.
All the commands listed in Table 3.2 can be entered via the Domino server console, with the results of such commands being printed back to the console, as illustrated in motif 3.4.
Figure 3.4. Running an OSGi command on the Domino Server Console
All the commands referenced in Table 3.2 can alternatively consume the bundle id as a parameter (instead of the bundle-symbolic-name). The bundle id is a numeric ID that the OSGi runtime assigns to the bundle during platform initialization. The ID might vary from instance to instance of the platform, but users might find it easier to input than having to enter the entire bundle symbolic name. Examples of how to determine and employ the bundle id are given later in this chapter.
Rarely does a lone OSGi console command retort each and every the questions on why a plug-in is not loading or operating as expected. The following sections complicated in greater detail how you can employ each of these commands and the results you can await to descry from executing such commands.diag <bundle-symbolic-name>
This is one of the most valuable commands in your arsenal and will likely be the one you’ll employ most frequently when diagnosing issues. You can employ this command to determine whether a bundle is resolved within the OSGi platform. The status returned by this command will be one of the following:
If No unresolved constraints is the returned status, it suggests that the system has recognized the bundle and that each and every dependencies of the bundle are satisfied. When an Unresolved constraint status is returned, it suggests that one or more bundles or packages that the bundle requires are missing or cannot be loaded. It is worth noting here that a bundle might soundless fail to start even though the OSGi console reports that the bundle has been resolved. If a bundle fails to start and is resolved, some code in the bundle’s activator likely is failing (throwing an exception).
Sample usage:tell http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.core
Listing 3.8 shows the typical output of running the diag command against the com.ibm.xsp.core plug-in.Listing 3.8. Result of Running the diag Command Against a Specific Bundle—Successful Case > reiterate http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.core 10/17/2011 09:43:14 PM initial@reference:file:../../shared/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp. core_220.127.116.1110629-1645/ 10/17/2011 09:43:14 PM No unresolved constraints.
In this case, the diag command reports that there were No unresolved constraints against the entered bundle symbolic name—in other words, the system recognizes the given bundle. Upon closer examination, the user can obtain further information about the bundle in question. It can determine where the bundle being used by the platform is installed, and the platform-assigned bundle id can furthermore be obtained.
From reading the console output, the user can descry that the bundle is installed to ../../shared/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp.core_18.104.22.16810629-1645. The location specified is relative to the osgi/rcp/eclipse directory, which is a child of the Domino program directory. In this case, the console output indicates that the plug-in is installed at: <domino program directory>/osgi/shared/eclipse/plugins.
Finally, the output states the platform-assigned bundle id for the specified bundle. 119 is the id assigned to this bundle in this example. As stated previously, the OSGi commands listed here can employ the bundle id interchangeably. In this example, executing the following command has identical output to that in Listing 3.8.
Sample usage:tell http osgi diag 119
Listing 3.9 shows sample output of running the diag command in an unsuccessful scenario.Listing 3.9. Result of Running the diag Command Against a Specific Bundle—Error Case > reiterate http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt 09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM update@../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com. ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt_22.214.171.124108111413.jar  09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM Direct constraints which are unresolved: 09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM Missing host com.ibm.xsp.extlib_0.0.0.
In Listing 3.9, you can descry that the OSGi platform reports that the bundle in question is not resolved as a result of a missing dependency. They can descry from the console output that the OSGi platform has actually establish the bundle that they are looking for (com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt), but as one of the bundles that com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt depends on is not resolved, the com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt bundle does not glean resolved itself. Looking a minute more closely at the console output, they can determine the following:
The bundle com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt is installed at ../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt_126.96.36.199108111413.jar. They now know that this path is relative to the <domino program directory>/osgi/rcp/eclipse directory. Hence, they can deduce that com.ibm.extlib.sbt is installed at the <domino program directory>/data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/ directory.
The OSGi platform–assigned bundle id for this bundle is 116.
One other tidbit of information can be extracted from the console output, in this case. The final line of the output tells us that the host is missing:Missing host com.ibm.xsp.extlib_0.0.0
This tells us that the bundle they are looking for (com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt) is, in fact, a plug-in fragment, and the unresolved constraint (com.ibm.xsp.extlib) is the host plug-in.ss, ss <bundle-symbolic-name>, or ss <bundle-name-prefix>
Similar to the diag command, this command quickly determines the status of a particular bundle—or each and every the bundles installed in the platform. Users can optionally specify a bundle denomination or a bundle denomination prefix to glean the status of specific bundles. The returned status shows the bundle id, state, and bundle denomination of each and every bundles. In many situations, this command is just as useful as the diag command because it furthermore reports the status of a bundle. This command does not reiterate the user why a particular bundle is not loading, but it does reiterate the user the situation of a bundle.
Sample usage:tell http osgi ss
Listing 3.10 shows the result of running the ss command without any parameters.Listing 3.10. Result of Running the ss Command Without Any Bundle denomination Parameter > reiterate http osgi ss 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Framework is launched. 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM id situation Bundle 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 0 energetic org.eclipse. osgi_3.4.3.R34x_v20081215-1030-RCP20110624-1648 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Fragments=57, 76, 88, 89, 235 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 1 RESOLVED org.eclipse.equinox. event_1.1.0.v20080225 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Fragments=32 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 2 RESOLVED com.ibm.pvc.jndi.provider. java.nl_188.8.131.5210625-0109 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Master=71 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 3 RESOLVED com.ibm.eclipse.equinox. preferences.nl_184.108.40.20610624-1648 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Master=85 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 4 <<LAZY>> com.ibm.icu. base_3.8.1.v20080530 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 5 RESOLVED com.ibm.pvc.servlet. jsp_220.127.116.1110625-0109 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 6 RESOLVED org.apache.commons. logging_18.104.22.16810625-0109
Listing 3.10 lists a subset of the information that displays when this command is quicken in a prevalent server environment. However, the listing does demonstrate each and every the information needed to understand the output of the command.
The command outputs several indispensable pieces of information about each bundle:
Sample usage:tell http osgi ss com.ibm.xsp.extlib
Listing 3.11 shows the result of running the ss command with a bundle prefix specified.Listing 3.11. Result of Running the ss Command, Specifying a Bundle Prefix > reiterate http osgi ss com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Framework is launched. 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM id situation Bundle 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 108 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. conns_22.214.171.12410724 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 109 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. domino_126.96.36.199107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 112 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. oneui_188.8.131.52107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 115 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. stime_184.108.40.206107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 117 energetic com.ibm.xsp. extlib_220.127.116.11107241628
Similar to Listing 3.10, Listing 3.11 shows the results of executing the ss command, only this time the command is passed a bundle symbolic denomination as a parameter. The ss command finds each and every bundles on the system that either start with the parameter or maintain a bundle symbolic denomination that is the selfsame as the parameter. Listing 3.11 lists each and every the bundles, along with their bundle id and state.
Table 3.3 lists each and every the possible states of an OSGi bundle.Table 3.3. OSGi Bundle States
The bundle is uninstalled and is unusable.
The bundle has been installed, but the platform has not yet resolved it.
The bundle has been resolved and is in a position to be started.Note that it is soundless possible for the bundle to fail to start, even though it has been resolved by the environment.
Similar to RESOLVED, the platform has resolved the bundle and is in a position to be started. The bundle is not yet energetic because it has been configured (via its bundle manifest) to be initialized lazily–that is, only when another energetic bundle references the bundle will it be activated.
The bundle is in the process of starting. Either another bundle has specifically caused the bundle to start (by referring to a class within the bundle) or the user has manually started the bundle via the console. Rarely is a bundle in this situation because it is transient.
The bundle is in the process of shutting down. Similar to STARTING, a bundle rarely is in this state.
The bundle is running within the OSGi platform.
Developers and administrators should be aware that, on the Domino server, the situation of a bundle is not persisted from one session to the next—that is, after the HTTP stint is restarted, any bundles that were started manually in the previous session must be started again. Luckily, the ss command has an dispute for filtering each and every bundles in a given state. The ss command can filter the bundles based on their state, by appending -s [state] to the command syntax.
Sample usage:tell http osgi ss -s active
Figure 3.5 shows the output of running the ss command with the -s energetic argument.
Figure 3.5. Result of running the ss command in the Domino server consolestart <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command requests that the platform manually start the specified bundle. Calling this command does not guarantee that the specified bundle will be started. An exception can soundless occur during bundle initialization that would judgement the bundle initialization to fail. Performing an ss command after the start command reports the status of the bundle. This command is helpful when a fresh bundle has been installed on the server, but the administrator or developer is not in a position to restart the HTTP stint to start the fresh bundle.
Sample usage:tell http osgi start com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt
Figure 3.6 shows that, by running a combination of the ss and start commands, a bundle can be started and its situation can be verified.
Figure 3.6. Result of running the start and ss commands in the consolestop <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command tells the platform to halt the specified bundle. Users should be heedful when calling this on a production environment. In some cases, it might not be possible for the platform to halt the bundle. If this is the case, the judgement will be printed to the console.
Sample usage:tell http osgi halt com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt
Figure 3.7 shows how running a combination of the ss and halt command stops a bundle and verifies its state.
Figure 3.7. Result of running the start and ss commands in the consoleb <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command prints each and every metadata relating to the specified bundle. The metadata includes imported packages, required bundles, exported packages, bundle location, and so on. This command is useful when the developer needs to quickly verify that the bundle loaded by the platform has the meta information that the developer believes it has.
Sample usage:tell http osgi b com.ibm.xsp.extlib
Listing 3.12 shows a subset of the output from running the b command against a specified bundle.Listing 3.12. Sample Result of Running the b Command Against a Specified Bundle tell http osgi b com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM update@../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com. ibm.xsp.extlib_18.104.22.168107241628NTF.jar  09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM Id=117, Status=<<LAZY>> Data Root=C:Program Files\IBM\Lotus\Domino\data\domino\workspace\.config org.eclipse.osgi\bundles\117\data 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM No registered services. 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM No services in use. 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM Exported packages 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.data; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.dojo; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.dojo.fx; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.server; version="0.0.0"[exported] headers <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command causes the OSGi header information for the specified bundle to be printed to the console. This command is convenient for checking information such as the packages that a specific bundle exports or the bundles that the specified bundle depends upon. each and every the information stored in the bundle’s manifest.mf file is printed to the console.
Sample usage:tell http osgi headers com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt
Listing 3.13 shows the result of running the headers command on the Domino server console.Listing 3.13. Sample Result of Running the headers Command with a Specified Bundle Name tell http osgi headers com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle headers: 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-ClassPath = .,lib/httpclient- 4.0.1.jar,lib/httpcore-4.0.1.jar,lib/commons-codec-1.3.jar,lib/ oauth-20100527.jar,lib/ oauth-consumer- 20090617.jar,lib/oauth-consumer-20100527.jar,lib/oauth-httpclient4- 20090913.jar,lib/oauth-provider-20100527.jar 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-ManifestVersion = 2 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Name = IBM companionable industry Toolkit 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-SymbolicName = com.ibm.xsp.extlib. sbt;singleton:=true 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Vendor = IBM 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Version = 22.214.171.124108111413 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Export-Package = com.ibm.xsp.extlib.fragment,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.model,com.ibm.xsp.extlib. resources,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.activitystreams,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt. activitystreams.entry,com.ibm.xsp. extlib.sbt.activitystreams.queue,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.connections,com. ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.connections.meta,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security. authorization,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security .authorization.beans,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security.oauth_10a,com.ibm.xsp. extlib.security.oauth_10a.servlet 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Fragment-Host = com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Manifest-Version = 1.0
Listing 3.13 lists many different OSGi headers. You can find a plenary list of OSGi headers and their descriptions in the official OSGi specification: www.osgi.org/download/r4v43/r4.core.pdf.help
This command tells the OSGi platform to print each and every commands that it supports, along with a short description of each command.
Sample usage:tell http osgi help
Figure 3.8 shows the sample output from running the serve OSGi command on the Domino server console.
Figure 3.8. Result of running the serve command in the console
3COM [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
AccessData [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ACFE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ACI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Acme-Packet [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ACSM [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ACT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Admission-Tests [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
ADOBE [93 Certification Exam(s) ]
AFP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
AICPA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
AIIM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Alcatel-Lucent [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Alfresco [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Altiris [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Amazon [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
American-College [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Android [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
APA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
APC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
APICS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Apple [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
AppSense [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
APTUSC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Arizona-Education [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ARM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Aruba [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASIS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASQ [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASTQB [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Autodesk [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Avaya [96 Certification Exam(s) ]
AXELOS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Axis [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Banking [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
BEA [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
BICSI [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlackBerry [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlueCoat [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Brocade [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Objects [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Tests [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CA-Technologies [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certification-Board [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certiport [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
CheckPoint [41 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIPS [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cisco [318 Certification Exam(s) ]
Citrix [48 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIW [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cloudera [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cognos [19 Certification Exam(s) ]
College-Board [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CompTIA [76 Certification Exam(s) ]
ComputerAssociates [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Consultant [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Counselor [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institue [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institute [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CSP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNP [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Dassault [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
DELL [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
DMI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
DRI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECCouncil [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
EMC [129 Certification Exam(s) ]
Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
ESPA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Esri [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExamExpress [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Exin [40 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExtremeNetworks [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
F5-Networks [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
FCTC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Filemaker [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Financial [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
Food [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fortinet [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Foundry [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
FSMTB [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fujitsu [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
GAQM [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Genesys [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GIAC [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hitachi [30 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HP [750 Certification Exam(s) ]
HR [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
HRCI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAAP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAHCSMM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBM [1532 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISACA [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
ITEC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Juniper [64 Certification Exam(s) ]
LEED [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Logical-Operations [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
LPI [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
Microsoft [374 Certification Exam(s) ]
Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Oracle [279 Certification Exam(s) ]
P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [134 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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