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This chapter introduces one of the vital core ideas that the RUP is situated on and discusses essentially the most crucial aspects of the RUP as they relate to utility building.This chapter is from the publication
with the aid of Ahmad okay. Shuja
This chapter is about RUP's breadth and not its depth, so this introductory chapter might be mile huge and inch deep in terms of content material. It introduces one of the core concepts that the RUP is based on however does not retract into element about its different parts. It does, despite the fact, discuss the most essential aspects of the RUP as they relate to application construction. This chapter offers an profile of the publication content.
The IBM Rational Unified procedure, besides called the RUP, is a procedure framework for a success iterative-incremental software construction. within the utility engineering domain, there are a few edifice methodologies that corporations Have efficiently tailored and adopted to meet particular commerce wants. These purview from conventional waterfall construction to extra agile ones. determine 1-1 indicates one of the vital extra noted methodologies and the dwelling each and every will besides be placed with admire to agility and self-discipline. keep that the up-front dreams modeling element may besides no longer be directly associated with any given utility evolution methodology but is there to ensure alignment between recent utility items or releases and the enterprise method.
At its core, RUP is described by using the following three critical elements:
RUP specializes in six key principles in application engineering (formerly referred to as highest trait practices). These concepts, that are convenient to memorize because they delivery with the letters A via F, constitute the basis of the RUP:
the needful thing principals are not sequential; definitely, you'll note in Chapter 2, "Key ideas for business-pushed development," that the ideas truly enhance each other. as an instance, the principle of demonstrating charge iteratively helps the principle of focusing at totality times on fine. in a similar way, different key principles advocate and coerce one a further. Chapter 2 explains totality six key ideas in detail and discusses their inter-relationships.A Framework of Reusable components content and course constructing Blocks
A manner framework may besides be described as an incomplete advocate structure through which a different technique can be prepared and developed. therefore, you deserve to finish a system framework earlier than which you can supervene it to certain projects inside a company. in a similar way, you need to finish the RUP skeleton and its libraries to appropriate the organization.
The RUP framework is described by using a family unit of formulation plug-ins from which, in response to the enjoyable company wants as neatly because the context (technical and management complexity), businesses are able to create their own course configurations and tailored methods. RUP gives an architectural foundation and wealth of material from which a process definition may besides be developed, hence enabling the adopting firm to configure and extend that basis as desired.
a few components influence the configuring and tailoring of RUP:
In most instances, the more advanced and technical the mission, the more suitable the formality and control required to be certain its a success completion and well timed delivery. This formality continually includes improved plan-pushed construction and greater discipline. The term regular in RUP to check the degree of formality and wield this is required in the manner is ceremony. figure 1-2 shows the connection between complexity and ceremony. for this reason, the flush of ceremony influences the number of artifacts and particulars of the workflow descriptions.
determine 1-2 Complexity and ceremony (source: IBM Rational Unified course v7.0)
much less mature companies might require greater discipline than more mature ones.
company course of life
culture performs a crucial position within the a hit adaptation and adoption of the manner.
Regulatory compliance and coverage necessities
Some industries, chiefly fiscal and healthcare, may require more controls, which in whirl require a extravagant ceremony procedure and greater artifacts.
The category of application construction, such as green box versus COTS primarily based, impacts the technique.
The dimension of the firm determines how to personalize the RUP to allow a hit edifice and well timed start of the software options.
These elements result in one or extra RUP flavors meeting the certain wants of an organization. IT corporations frequently enhance multiple RUP situations to meet the wants of various kinds of initiatives. That approach satisfies the need for distinctive levels of ceremony for tiny or huge IT tasks. partly IV, they discuss Rational components Composer, which may besides be used for readily and successfully customizing and publishing a number of flavors of RUP. They comprehend some extra discussion within Chapter 13, "environment." although a total lot, if no longer hundreds, of RUP customizations were carried out, they are in line with the long-established RUP technique framework, which is the discipline of this ebook and the certification.Architectural Views
RUP represents the application structure in dissimilar architectural views. each and every architectural view addresses issues particular to stakeholders in the construction procedure. These stakeholders could encompass clients, designers, managers, and maintainers. The architectural views capture the principal design decisions by providing the utility architecture in terms of how components connect with succumb efficacious forms (Perry & Wolf, 1992).
The common set of views in the RUP, known as the 4+1 view mannequin, is composed of here.
This view gives a basis for planning the technical content of iterations. it is used in the necessities discipline.
This view offers a basis for understanding the constitution and corporation of the design of the gadget. ratiocinative view is used within the analysis and Design self-discipline.
This view captures the enumeration of totality subsystems within the Implementation model, the element diagrams illustrating how subsystems are organized in layers, and hierarchies and illustrations showing critical dependencies between subsystems.
This view illustrates the process decomposition of the device, including the mapping of classes and subsystems on to strategies and threads. The technique view is used in the analysis and Design self-discipline.
This view illustrates the distribution of processing throughout a set of nodes in the system, including physical distribution of strategies and threads. This view is used within the analysis and Design self-discipline.
A unified course structure (UMA) meta-model provides a language for describing course content and methods. UMA is an architecture to conceive, specify, and store formulation and system metadata. UMA obviously separates formula content material definitions from their software in delivery strategies. It does this by defining the reusable core system content material within the form of conventional content descriptions and the undertaking-particular applications within the form of manner descriptions. simple features of UMA are shown in figure 1-three. they are able to discuss UMA is more advantageous aspect partly II, "Unified system architecture (UMA)."
IBM Rational Unified manner. The diagram became used publicly in a Rational Edgearticle in 2006.
chinese language President Xi Jinping attends the 2018 Beijing summit Of The forum On China-Africa Cooperation - circular table conference on the tremendous corridor of the individuals in Beijing, Sept. four, 2018.
photograph credit score: Lintao Zhang/Pool picture by course of AP
If an “economic iron curtain” falls, it could be in areas just dote the middle East and Africa.
with the aid of Deborah Lehr for The Diplomat
February 23, 2019
In a concomitant speech, former U.S. Treasury Secretary Hank Paulson raised the specter of an “economic iron curtain,” as alternate changes between the united states and China may additionally coerce international locations to opt for a aspect, mainly for the adoption of know-how. expertise is a key underlying problem because the two international locations battle for dominance in recent economic frontiers such as synthetic intelligence, self-riding vehicles and immense data. it's in this sector the dwelling the largest fault lines within the U.S.-China bilateral relationship are starting to seem.
Yet this iron curtain will not at the nascence topple throughout the developed technology markets of the united states and Europe, but in the third-world markets such because the focus East and Africa, where immense claim exists and the dwelling chinese expertise is affordably priced and simply adopted. And where chinese language lending to buy these applied sciences is rising, whereas U.S. fiscal aid to the dwelling is shrinking.
chinese language applied sciences already puss massive boundaries within the extra developed markets of the U.S. and Europe. not most efficacious is the competition more challenging from the entrenched needful tech businesses reminiscent of fb, Google, IBM, and Microsoft, but the changing political sentiments towards China invent it greater complicated to profit a foothold available in the market. certainly, many in the u.s. believe that chinese tech agencies Have risen on the shoulders of stolen U.S. technology, and for this reason searching for to confine the consume of their items globally.enjoying this text? click on here to subscribe for complete access. simply $5 a month.
China’s slicing-area applied sciences are besides more apposite in third world markets. pecuniary expertise, or “fintech,” is a main instance. best 15 % of Egypt’s one hundred million americans Have a checking account, yet there is one hundred ten p.c mobile phone density. China’s main fintech businesses present the capability to convey millions into the pecuniary gadget and supply quick loans to spur tiny organizations and drive growth.
it's therefore no amaze that the chinese language leadership is actively courting this a partake of the area. President Xi Jinping’s first international retract back and forth in his second term became to the core East and Africa, and remaining yr he hosted the leaders of the Arab League nations, and then those from Africa. At these summits, China pledged pecuniary assist and financing for primary infrastructure building, in addition to sheperd for these international locations’ transitions to extra green multiply as partake of China’s Belt and street Initiative.
a number of of China’s precise agencies Have already been tremendously a success in the developing world. Huawei, the private telecom machine manufacturer, is the paramount exotic handset seller in Egypt and different countries within the location, yet is nearly banned within the u.s. and a few different Western markets. The chinese language are edifice the basic architecture for a lot of of the area’s telecom methods, and as these countries undertake 5G requisites, Huawei will advocate carry the cyber web of things – from driverless vehicles, facial attention cameras, and information superhighway-linked fridges – to the middle East and Africa.
As these international locations more and more source their technology and items from China, although, it is constructing an inevitable battle with the West.
In their more and more interlinked global economies, technology option is a principal difficulty. Already, the U.S. government is cautiously reviewing using any chinese expertise in their telecom infrastructure, as well as chinese language investments in key strategic industries. And there are those within the administration and on Capitol Hill who're worried about any links in any respect with chinese language technology – even outside U.S. borders.
There are starting to be calls to determine no matter if overseas banking networks should be allowed to connect with that of the united states in the event that they are using chinese language technology. With the adoption of 5G standards bringing the internet more wholly into totality facets of up to date lifestyles, fears of chinese language spying will best increase.
As more chinese language companies topple below suspicion in the u.s. and whirl to alternatives in much less-developed markets, Washington – and its allies – can besides coerce countries to pick between American or chinese fashions of web governance. The fruits would be a divided web alongside political or economic traces. A ban of chinese know-how being used in U.S. infrastructure networks would be a bombshell – primarily if the U.S. actively lobbies against totality chinese language know-how, as it is has done within the case of Huawei.
As Paulson warned, the international economic system faces a true prospect of an economic iron curtain descending throughout the developed and setting up world. This might Have colossal ramifications for the USA if it forces its typical political allies within the middle East reminiscent of Egypt, Saudi Arabia, or the UAE to pick from the U.S. and China.
now is the time to foster guidelines – based on a coalesce of accelerated competitiveness within the united states, fiscal aid for American agencies remote places, and rational policymaking in Washington involving the China danger – to avert a balkanization of the information superhighway, and probably the trading world.
Deborah Lehr is the CEO of the strategic consulting company, Basilinna, and vice president of the Paulson Institute.
the zone of software lifecycle management (ALM) tooling is poignant forward at a gradual pace largely as a result of efforts of unique recent avid gamers mining the thought that superior collaboration among people is on the coronary heart of Agile development. vendors corresponding to ThoughtWorks Studios, VersionOne, and Rally software Have tried to discover recent the perquisite course to connect tools, construction statistics, and individuals. meanwhile, two powerhouses at the exact of the evolution business, IBM Rational and Microsoft, are trying to update their lifecycle administration suites.
In a stunning twist, both IBM Rational and Microsoft are at the nascence of latest product cycles. both groups Have been doing something of a tango in recent years, attempting to win a hold of a killer ALM platform.
IBM purchased Rational early within the decade when the scourge of late and over-price purview utility projects had reached a sort of zenith. corporate construction managers -- and IBM consultants, for that signify number -- had Little conception when application could be competent for nascence and how suited it turned into in terms of best. it's broadly held that Microsoft become a number of steps far from buying Rational just earlier than IBM stepped in. The Rational suite of peek at various, requirements, UML modeling, configuration, and different rig helped lots of big corporations deliver more order to their utility approaches.
The Rational suite's integrations Have been decent for the day. however even IBM now admits the mixing of construction information and tactics could be a total lot more desirable. In fits and starts over a few years, IBM Rational has begun to roll out Jazz-primarily based offerings to update the suite.
Jazz is an try and convey ease of integration to the server tools, a mighty deal as IBM's Eclipse introduced integration to client equipment. The commerce with numerous third events, including Mainsoft, forged and iRise, has tried a yoke of integration architectures for the reason that work first begun on Jazz. the most fresh system revolves round unfastened, so-called relaxation integration.
IBM's first Jazz-based product formally appeared at the conclude of June. IBM hopes an ever-turning out to be string of open-supply projects and third events will compass to the Jazz platform, a total lot as they Have with Eclipse.
Microsoft past the desktopWhen Microsoft announced visible Studio team rig (VSTS), it turned into the company's first staunch foray past computer building. There turned into no question that its enterprise consumers were being lured by means of IBM Rational -- and the swear of repeatable utility construction effects. VSTS seeks to combine design, edifice and checking out device services. nevertheless it has taken a while to win it appropriate. Most mighty in its newest liberate are fixes to its underlying group foundation Server (TFS), which many teams discovered missing in efficiency and intricate in configuration.
to date, the talent of integrating third-birthday celebration tools to VSTS is pretty proprietary. That capability advanced APIs are shared with outsiders who comply with some critical licensing phrases. youngsters, Microsoft has unfolded a bit in its dealings with visible Studio commerce partners, because it realizes the common public measures its trend of integration towards open Eclipse-fashion integration.
IBM Rational now not handiest supports UML, but it surely invented it. After years of foot dragging, Microsoft currently admitted it will assist UML greater utterly in its VSTS equipment. whereas UML does Have its execs and cons, sharing UML notation and models is relatively a suited deal a prerequisite for ALM integration in lots of organizations.
Microsoft has begun to discuss a repository prevalent now as Oslo, which looks as even though it may well be a confederation of carrier-oriented architecture (SOA) registries and construction statistics artifacts.
It appears Microsoft may additionally Have reached a suited stage of maturity in its flagship ALM offering simply as IBM is attempting to carry out an entire recent ALM platform. Microsoft is enjoying capture up on UML, however IBM Rational has some catching as much as do, too. totality of which bodes smartly for both the Agile startups and the ALM customers. Microsoft's registry work would naturally qualify as a "multiyear effort," and there is some purpose to trust the total puss of construction will alternate one or two instances before we're able to gauge if Oslo made feel or no longer.
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Just five years short of a century ago, developer George Merrick conjured up a Mediterranean fantasyland on his family’s holdings of scrub pine and avocado groves just outside the backwater city of Miami. He called it Coral Gables, and it was good.
The city aesthetic that Merrick romantically baptized “Miami Riviera” would Have it all: Charming Spanish-style homes and gracious Italian villas masterfully laid out amid gardens, lush boulevards and golf courses; imposing formal entrances; a university and a thriving commerce district. In promotional brochures, its crown jewel, the Biltmore Hotel and its 300-foot tower, rose out of the humid mist dote a mirage in Washington Irving’s “Tales of the Alhambra”.
Merrick’s vision, and the master scheme and strict controls he drew up to realize it, Have endured through boom and bust, firmly establishing Coral Gables as one of the most desirable, stable and envied communities in Florida.
Now it’s gone on steroids.
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Enthusiastic backers of a recent wave of high-rise, mixed-use development, including city leaders, inform it’s re-invigorating the city, enhancing Merrick’s vision and turning its once-stodgy downtown into a lively urban neighborhood. But some residents dread that what’s made the Gables special could be obliterated in a rush to build big.
No visitor to the Gables can miss its redrawn face. The city’s downtown and commercial corridors of South Dixie Highway and LeJeune Road bristle with construction cranes erecting Mediterranean-inspired buildings of a scale and density Merrick could not Have foreseen.
Coral Gables founder George Merrick.
Miami Herald file
A dozen large-scale projects recently inaugurated, nearing completion or just now under construction are delivering around 2,000 condos and apartments, hundreds of hotel rooms and hundreds of thousands of square feet of retail, restaurants and offices to the Gables in the span of a few years. It’s a surge likely not rivaled since Merrick began edifice his city in earnest in 1924.
The biggest by far, Agave Ponce group’s massive, $600 million The Plaza Coral Gables, will spread across seven acres and three city blocks on Ponce de Leon Boulevard, just south of the recently revamped Miracle Mile. The project, the largest in Coral Gables history, will encompass 242 hotel rooms, 164 apartments and lofts, 160,000 square feet of retail, 445,000 square feet of office space and 2,000 parking spaces.
An aerial view of construction of aspect one of The Plaza Coral Gables on Ponce de Leon Boulevard, just south of Miracle Mile. At bottom is a historic 1925 edifice that will be incorporated into the project.
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And that’s after city planners and commissioners scaled back an initial scheme during three years of stringent review — and after the developers trimmed it again, redesigning and renaming the former Mediterranean Village project, in response to changing market conditions following approval in 2015. Agave finally began construction on the first of two phases last year, with completion expected in May 2020.
The tweaks comprehend less retail space and more office, reflecting a downturn in the fortunes of brick-and-mortar retail and unflagging claim for workspace in downtown Coral Gables. Agave besides scaled down a hotel tower that would Have exceeded the usually strictly observed height cap of 190 feet for usable space in the city, not including spires and cupolas.
The Agave project’s shifted footprint now places the bulk of construction around a one-acre plaza with a historic edifice — the turreted, three-story studio of Merrick’s noted city designers, architect Phineas Paist and artist Denman Fink — at its center. The recent plaza opens up to Ponce coterie Park. Agave executive Gregory Schwartz boasts the project, designed by the international firm CallisonRTKL, is so consequential it will shift the focus of downtown south.
“It’s going to open perquisite up to the park, shift the focus of gravity towards the park, and create the recent social, civic focus for the city,” Schwartz said. “The plaza embodies the spirit of the project.”
An architectural rendering account for how the completed The Plaza Coral Gables mixed-use project on Ponce de Leon Boulevard will peek when completed. The project’s first aspect is now under construction.
The Plaza Coral Gables/Agave Ponce, LLC
A few blocks west, a recent mid-rise Aloft hotel introduces a sense of walkable urbanism to the traffic-choked gash of LeJeune Road, with arcades along the ground floor, a garage that’s concealed within the edifice and a street-facing restaurant and outdoor cafe.
The change in scale and approach that it represents is abundantly clear. The Aloft edifice comes perquisite up to the sidewalk and goes straight up to create an arcaded street wall, an approach that planners inform creates a welcoming, sheltered space for pedestrians. The hotel’s suburban-style neighbors, by contrast, are set back, often behind a parking lot and a fringe of scraggly greenery — an approach that planners inform is less inviting.
Abutting the downtown’s western edge on Douglas Road is the curving hulk of Gables Columbus Center, a newly opened 200-unit apartment edifice designed by Behar, Font & Partners that backs directly up to the quaint, stucco three-story La Palma Hotel from 1924. One of the earliest surviving commercial buildings downtown, and protected as a historic landmark, it’s now hemmed in by towers.
Farther south, in the former industrial district south of Bird Road that’s gradually been converted into a mid-rise residential neighborhood since the 2002 launch of the Shops at Merrick Park, the latest addition is about to open. Crews are putting the finishing touches on Astor Companies’ Merrick Manor, a 227-unit, 10-story condo, besides designed by Behar, Font, that fills nearly an entire screen and overlooks LeJeune Road and Coral Gables High. Its value at sell-out is estimated at $160 million.
Just north of Miracle Mile, a nearly finished deluxe 33-unit condo building, Giralda Place, stretches nearly the complete length of a screen on Giralda Avenue, with a recent technique gallery on one corner. A gym and Bread Cycle, a health-conscious Mediterranean restaurant, are among other planned sidewalk amenities. The building, which varies in height but is 90 feet lofty at its tallest point, replaced a denude of nondescript, low-scale modern storefronts.
The $65 million project, with a clean, upated Mediterranean design by architect John Fullerton, besides encompasses a renovated bank edifice on the corner of Ponce de Leon Boulevard that houses 700 WeWork shared-office desks. WeWork joins competitor Pipeline, which opened a shared workspace floor in the downtown Gables in 2015.
That’s a fresh wrinkle for the formerly buttoned-down Gables workplace aesthetic that Giralda dwelling developer Christopher “Cristo” Brown says portends the broader sea change in store for the neighborhood.
Giralda dwelling developer Christopher “Cristo” Brown
“In the next six months, it’s going to be a very different feel here, a more energetic one,” Brown said. “You’re going to note more and younger people out and about. There’s going to be buzz and you’re going to note people coming in from other areas who would not Have made the drive before. People want walkability and totality the Gables has to offer.”
That a city of 50,000 should be in line to absorb so much recent evolution is the result not just of its lasting desirability, but the redevelopment tsunami overtaking much of neighboring Miami. A seemingly insatiable, pent-up claim for urban, walkable places across the region has dovetailed with a determination by Gables leaders to whirl the city’s downtown — long a regional commerce focus where sidewalk cafes were banned and streets Quiet after office hours — into a denser, full-service, live-in urban hub.
The thinking is straightforward: Build dense to bring in enough residents and workers to advocate a variety of shops, amenities and activities in close proximity, and people will happily walk more and drive less. Planners inform that creates an appealing alternative to sprawling auto-dependent evolution of the kindhearted that has dominated South Florida for decades, fostering desirable growth while keeping a lid on traffic congestion.
There’s another immense profit for the city. Downtown properties already account for as much as 40 percent of the city’s tax base, said Gables Mayor Raul Valdes-Fauli. That allows the city to crow of one of the lowest property-tax rates of any city offering complete fire and police services in Miami-Dade County, he said.
While he could not provide a precise figure for how much recent evolution will add to the city’s bottom line, Valdes-Fauli said it’s substantial and will aid preserve those low rates while producing “a very livable Coral Gables.”
“We Have measured development, rational development,” Valdes-Fauli said. “I note it as a continuation of what Coral Gables is and has been. They don’t want a Brickell.”
There’s a course to retract to compass the critical mass that will fill the recent buildings and generate the flush of street life and retail revival the city wants, said Bill Kerdyk Jr., a former Gables commissioner and CEO of Kerdyk true Estate. But it’s starting to work. Many of those now renting and buying downtown are empty-nesters who don’t want to deal with car commutes to work, dine out or note a film or a play, said Kerydk, who represents the recent Gables Columbus focus apartment tower.
“That was once a exotic concept, having people animated downtown,” said Kerdyk. In the mid-1990s, when developer Armando Codina built the first apartment edifice in the commerce district on the frail bus station site, that project, too, faced considerable skepticism. “Now you compass down on a Wednesday night, and it’s hard to find a dwelling to park, and there is a buzz about being downtown.
“I deem having people animated downtown will reinvigorate the retail. It comes back to trait of life. That’s what the city of Coral Gables offers.”
To many residents, though, the increased mass and density is jarring. So is a longstanding city code requirement that requires buildings and entryways that compass perquisite to the edge of the sidewalk, something which planners inform creates a staunch walkable city environment and fosters pedestrian activity.
All that some critics see, though, is concrete, increasing traffic and a loss of the modest neighborhood scale that once characterized the Gables’ urban districts.
“These immense buildings are consuming the streetscape,” said Ellen Uguccione, a longtime resident and former historic preservation chief for the Gables and neighboring Miami. “I deem it overwhelms. The downtown district in the 1920s was small-scale buildings. They Have to evolve. But that evolution needs to acquire into account what buildings existed before and pay homage by stepping back.
”We need to be more astute and ask, ‘What is the essence of Coral Gables?’ ”
Uguccione stressed that the city has so far managed to protect its residential areas from intrusive or inappropriate development.
But longtime Gables resident Sue Kawalerski watches the march of the cranes down South Dixie Highway and, dote many of her neighbors, is afraid. Very afraid.
Like many in the Gables, they dread that what they report as a developer-friendly city commission will whirl Coral Gables into a facsimile of Miami’s high-density, high-rise Brickell district, and downtown and U.S. 1 into concrete canyons.
“They Have absolutely no admiration for what residents want,” Kawalerski said.
To be sure, Coral Gables has seen waves of large-scale evolution before. The true estate bust of the late 1920s brought Merrick’s dream to a close with much of his city yet unbuilt. Things didn’t pick up until after World War II, when Miracle Mile was built and Modernism was the style of choice. By the time Mediterranean architecture came back into vogue in the 1980s, many original downtown Gables buildings had been replaced with a recent race of taller, modern office buildings.
Some more-recent Med-style buildings Have compass under fire for mediocre architecture and ungainly proportions unbecoming of Merrick’s handiwork, but city planners inform they Have cracked down and sharpened the trait of design. Most of the recent buildings eschew pastels and pasted-on detailing for whites and a pared-down, concomitant version of Mediterranean design that may be more appealing and sophisticated.
But what’s besides different about them, critics say, is their sheer bulk and in-your-face presence.
The two most attention-drawing and controversial of the recent projects loom on South Dixie. The mixed-use complexes by NP International, now under construction, depict an obvious shift in scale for the corridor, now dominated by mostly low-scale, suburban-style denude malls.
Hugging the sidewalk between the elevated Metrorail tracks and the traffic-choked highway, the 504-unit Gables Station extends totality the course from LeJeune Road to the intersection of Ponce de Leon and South Dixie, requiring no fewer than five cranes for construction. The apartment complex is designed to capitalize on adjacent transit and the planned Underline, the 10-mile bike and running trail connecting to downtown Miami. A public plaza lined with shops and food will connect to the Underline through a colonnade.
A rendering of the Gables Station mixed-use project, now under construction along South Dixie Highway, includes a conceptual image showing, at left foreground, how a portion of the Underline trail and park could look. NP International will pay $3 million to build a quarter-mile trail segment, which is now under design and will comprehend Coral Gables’ first dog park.
Farther south, on the site of a former Holiday Inn across from the University of Miami, NPI’s Paseo de la Riviera will comprehend a 10-story, 252-room hotel, 224 apartments in a 13-story tower, and retail around a plaza. An imposing arch leads out to Jaycee Park and the residential neighborhood behind it.
Both NPI projects, designed by Coral Gables architect Jorge Hernandez and architectural giant Gensler, required changes in zoning to accommodate greater density and height, prompting complaints that the city was not hewing to its code. The height of the Paseo tower matches that of a 1971 office tower next door that’s now owned by the University of Miami. The UM tower, though, is slimmer and set back behind parking because its footprint is suburban.
City planners and elected officials note both projects as a new, transit-oriented and pedestrian-friendly model to replace the strip-mall mode of evolution along that stretch, extending the Gables brand of Mediterranean architecture to the nondescript, auto-dominated corridor.
An architectural rendering shows the Paseo de la Riviera hotel and apartment edifice now under construction on South Dixie Highway in Coral Gables.
But Kawalerski, president of the Riviera Neighborhood Association, sees high-density evolution and its impact, dote increased traffic and blocked skies, starting to encroach on the garden-like tranquility of her single-family neighborhood. The association bitterly fought the Paseo project, which won commission approval by a 4-1 vote..
“It’s perquisite on top of U.S. 1, and it’s a immense screen of cement,” she said. “How could you allow that to happen?”
An aerial view of the Paseo de la Riviera hotel and apartment complex under construction on South Dixie Highway in Coral Gables.
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Commissioner Vince Lago, considered a voice for moderation in evolution on the body, favored the Paseo project after it was scaled back, but voted against Gables Station because he thought it was too immense for the location and would generate too much traffic at what’s already a choke point. He said the city needs to be “prudent” and some projects need to be scaled back. But he besides noted that most are built to what the city code allows, giving commissioners Little talent to alter them.
Still, he defended the city’s overall strategy, noting that it’s already mien fruit downtown.
“It’s very welcoming,” Lago said. “You note a lot of families and green professionals enjoying downtown, which is what they envisioned.”
Restaurant row on Giralda Avenue in downtown Coral Gables was transformed into a pedestrian plaza as partake of a $21 million makeover of nearby Miracle Mile.
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Lago said the city has besides been astute in developing transportation alternatives in tandem with the more intensive redevelopment. Those comprehend a growing bus-trolley circulator network, an experiment with shared electric scooters that appears to be succeeding, and establishment and expansion of the on-demand Freebee electric golf-cart system in the city.
The current Gables boom has been simmering for at least five years, when City Hall was flooded with evolution proposals at the height of the real-estate expansion that’s now in retreat. But projects were slowed in partake by drawn-out, painstaking review by city planners and, in the case of Paseo, unsuccessful litigation by unhappy residents. The Agave project, for instance, could not win approval until it was shrunk and the developers agreed to donating millions of dollars worth of public amenities, including incorporating a quit for the city’s expanding system of free bus trolleys as well as paying for recent vehicles for the service.
Another major project, a long-contemplated proposal for redevelopment of two obsolete city parking garages on Andalusia Avenue, has been under negotiation while undergoing substantial revisions and downsizing for two years. The Allen Morris Company and Related Group were selected in a competition by the city with a scheme that would combine public parking with retail, residential and office space. The Coral Gables commission will deem the scheme in March, though critics concerned about overdevelopment are pushing for the city to finance and build recent garages on its own, at a cost of around $40 million, without the developers.
“We’ve been trying to find the perquisite balance,” said Anthony De Yurre, an attorney for the developers, describing the city review. “We Have made a significant number of concessions. They Have been very collaborative with us. You can’t conclude anything that’s not world-class in Coral Gables.”
City officials inform smart planning, adherence to the 190-foot height cap, rigorous review of recent designs by planners and the Gables board of architects, and close attention to what happens at street flush together ensure recent evolution hews to Merrick’s scheme while fostering greater urban density where it’s called for. The city’s long-established Mediterranean reward rules grant developers greater density than allowed by the basic zoning code if they adhere to Mediterranean design precepts dote arcades and courtyards.
“In my opinion, they are fulfilling the original vision,” said Coral Gables planning director Ramon Trias, who hung framed, blown-up architectural drawings of city landmarks such as the Biltmore throughout his department to account for applicants the lofty bar they must clear to win approval. “This is very rare in American cities, that something was that well thought-out and has been carried out for a century.
“Merrick had a very clear vision. The people who crafted it were very professional. They Have the history, the tradition, and people who really care. What other city gets to this flush of quality?”
All mixed-use buildings in the city require commission approval, even after they Have been closely vetted — and usually significantly modified — by planners and review boards. totality win a public and sometimes contentious airing, especially when developers hunt variances. Those few that are approved, Trias argues, usually better a edifice because a zoning code can’t anticipate totality circumstances.
“I’ve never worked with a commission that gets so involved in design,” Trias said. “Sometimes there is conflict, but that’s a very suited thing. Always, the projects win better. It’s that kindhearted of zeal that makes Coral Gables Coral Gables.”
The kind of design trait the city demands can add 25 percent to the cost of development, Trias said, but he contends it pays off both for developers and residents.
Veteran developer Armando Codina agrees wholeheartedly. Codina, who built some big commercial buildings on LeJeune road in the Gables in previous booms in addition to the first downtown apartment building, says the city has the approach and the downtown scale about perquisite — though he, too, disagrees with the rules requiring no edifice setback from the sidewalk.
“I chance to dote the scale of Coral Gables, and I dote how heedful they are,” he said.
Developer Armando Codina stands at the entrance to the recent office and apartment complex he built in downtown Coral Gables.
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Codina went an extra mile or two in conceiving and edifice his newest project, built on a former parking lot just north of Alhambra Circle. The newly inaugurated 2020 Salzedo consists of a five-story office edifice with a stately rotunda, an expansive public courtyard that will hold tables for a recent bakery and restaurant by star Lebanese-Puerto Rican pastry chef Antonio Bachour, opening Friday, as well as a 213-unit apartment tower. Codina said he personally “went after” Bachour, who will instruct other chefs in a glassed-in kitchen once a month.
The building, where Codina moved his headquarters, is clearly a labor of love. So is the masonry front of the rotunda, which besides bears the Codina denomination discreetly etched in the concrete. He commissioned well-known Miami artist Naomi Fisher to design elegant black terrazzo floors in the lobby and elevator landings of the building. Each features a different design with autochthonous palm fronds and plants. Fisher besides designed metal gates that open to the courtyard. The office edifice balconies, meanwhile, Have Cuban-tile floors.
His architects at Nichols Brosch Wurst Wolfe took special custody to win details and proportions right, so that the edifice echoes the skillful and evocative Mediterranean design that Merrick’s architects were so suited at.
“I care,” Codina said. “We view this as their second home.”
The recently completed 2020 Salzedo project in downtown Coral Gables by developer Armando Codina includes a boutique office edifice with a rotunda, a residential tower and a big public courtyard.
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The city has been carefully laying the groundwork for the downtown transformation since the 1990s, when it acquired the Miracle Theatre movie house and renovated it for consume as a live drama venue by Actors’ Playhouse. Since then, it created an arthouse cinema on the ground floor of a recent parking garage across from the storied Books & Books shop. It converted and expanded the original fire and police station, an technique Deco landmark by Paist in coral rock, into the Coral Gables Museum.
After years of debate and planning, the city besides embarked on a thorough makeover of downtown’s main street, Miracle Mile, dramatically expanding sidewalks and restoring entry plazas and fountains.
Since opening last year, along with a companion conversion of the Giralda Avenue restaurant row into a pedestrian plaza, the $20 million project has been credited with luring recent dining spots and shops and boosting street life and foot traffic. Drawn-out construction, however, besides claimed some longtime merchants and restaurateurs who did not survive.
“Those two years really crushed a lot of existing tenants,” Kerdyk said. “It’s only now coming back.”
The shake-out may not be done. last week, Tarpon bend restaurant, a 15-year-old mainstay on the mile, closed abruptly. The owner blamed higher taxes and maintenance costs passed on to the commerce by the landlord. But Tarpon bend besides faced increasing competition from recent bars and restaurants catering to the green professional smash he relied on.
Some skeptics are concerned that the Gables has not yet refreshed its stale image sufficiently to attract the necessary immense numbers of those green people, many of whom note Mediterranean architecture as their parents’ hurry and might instead prefer to patronize a resurrecting Coconut Grove or Midtown Miami.
But some look willing to gamble on it. The former Scientology edifice on Giralda, the city’s original post office, is now being renovated and expanded by a developer to house several restaurants and a rooftop lounge, for instance. The edifice sat on the market for two years until the Giralda makeover was approved, said Kerdyk, who handled the sale.
“It’s going to acquire Giralda a Little time to retool with some more restaurants, but it’s going to be a really nice scene,” Kerdyk said.
The combination of public foresight, the emphasis on culture and the encouragement of mixed-use evolution downtown is attracting recent developers to the Gables who might not Have considered it previously, said Rishi Kapoor, founder of Location Ventures.
Kapoor is now seeking to raise the ante exponentially on downtown Gables condo living.
An architectural rendering of the planned Villa Valencia ultra-luxury condo tower on the edge of downtown Coral Gables. The penthouse is for sale at $10.5 million.
He’s won city approval for Villa Valencia, a lavishly amenitized, 13-story condo on the edge of downtown where the top penthouse will be priced at $10.5 million. Kapoor expects a sellout will succumb $111 million. The medium size of the 39 units is an expansive 3,000 square feet, he said, and the edifice is designed for affluent, downsizing Gables couples who don’t want to give up the space of a house — and want to spend less time in a car while enjoying an urban lifestyle.
The retooled, upscaled downtown Gables fits the bill perfectly, and he expects other developers to supervene suit at that very lofty end, he said.
“Coral Gables has gone through this aesthetic rejuvenation,” he said. “Look at Miracle Mile and Giralda. It’s unrecognizable from 10 years ago. Now people are seeing it as a hub for an elegant lifestyle. They deem the Gables market is hungry for it.”
Yet it’s that zeal of not recognizing the Gables anymore that gives many residents an uneasy feeling.
Despite its famed zeal for architecture and preservation, the city has at times failed to guard its legacy in the puss of evolution pressure, said Karelia Carbonell, president of the Historic Preservation Association of Coral Gables. last year Carbonell led a drive to deliver the last standing edifice from Merrick’s original commerce district, the LaSalle cleaners building. The city had a deal with the owners to demolish it and replace it with a parking lot but backed off under public pressure. But the city decided earlier this year not to purchase the edifice because the owners were asking too much, leaving its lot in limbo.
The LaSalle Cleaners edifice on LeJeune Road in Coral Gables as it appears today, in a view taken from the zone of City Hall.
Historic Preservation Association of Coral Gables
“It would be a heart-broken day in Coral Gables if that edifice came down,” Carbonell said.
Carbonell is now tilting at an even more unlikely windmill. She is urging the city to reconsider its determination to split down its existing fire and police station, a 1970s instance of severe, sculptural Brutalist architecture that many in the city deride as “The Thing.”
The city approved a deal to swap the station property with Codina. He owned a lot catty-corner from his 2020 Salzedo where the city is now edifice a $34 million, 190,000-square-foot recent public-safety building, designed by international architectural and engineering firm AECOM in a modernized version of Mediterranean style. Codina said he has not decided what would replace the frail station.
An architectural rendering shows the recent Coral Gables fire and police station that’s under construction downtown.
City of Coral Gables/AECOM
But Carbonell, who organized a panel of noted architects last month to highlight the historic value of the Brutalist style, said the station represents a modern aspect of the city’s evolution that’s as much worth preserving as the LaSalle.
Meanwhile, she said, the newest buildings are not only much larger than what they replace, but often architecturally bland, without the sense of grace, creativity or balance of the Mediterranean style that inspired Merrick. It’s instead “faux Med,” as she build it.
“The developers win credit for having a Little fountain out front, so they just plunk it down. They start losing that authenticity,” Carbonell said. “Coral Gables is not the sleepy town it used to be. It’s lost that pleasurable feeling. It’s very dense. Parking is an issue. Getting around has become complicated. Miracle Mile has changed. You feel it as you retract about your day. I know they can’t just live in the past. But it has not been well curated.”
Architect Jose Gelabert-Navia, who helped write the original city ordinance providing the zoning reward for Mediterranean architecture, says it’s often been misused. The rules were meant to inspirit architectural variety by allowing modern design that incorporates Mediterranean features such as arcades, colonnades, plazas and balconies, he said.
But, he told a complete house during a lecture at the Coral Gables Museum last month on the design of cities through the centuries, the city has mostly succeeded in its quest to build on Merrick’s “unique” vision.
“The scheme is there, and for the most partake it survives,” Gelabert-Navia said. “I deem the city is getting better and better.”
NewsRational Version 7.0 Tools
The Rational Software Architect product affords highly springy model management.IBM Rational shipped 7.0 versions of its application evolution lifecycle suite in December, a release that brings the components compatibility with the Eclipse 3.2 IDE framework and bolsters IBM's Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) message.
"IBM Rational Software Delivery Platform 7.0 [addresses] the trend around SOA and helping customers getting started with [SOAs]," says Dave Locke, director of offerings marketing at IBM Rational.
In fact, as more customers adopt SOA, they are confronted with mapping their enterprise architectures and commerce processes to IT services architectures, and automating and coordinating interrelated services, according to IBM documents. More and more evolution teams are required to interact with the IT systems, manage co-development complexity and meet recent compliance regulations.
The 7.0 suite provides a set of desktop products to aid global evolution teams better design, deploy and manage delivery of software and systems architectures with an emphasis on lifecycle quality, the company says.
Indeed, the version 7.0 products address a growing claim in application development, which is to advocate distributed team processes and evolution groups that are geographically dispersed. "There's a very tenacious need [among the evolution community] to win to know 'How conclude I work with my international collaborators?'" Locke says.The release strengthens IBM Rational's message to the open source community, especially Eclipse users. Key to that is the fact that the products will install directly into existing Eclipse 3.2 environments-the current version of the open-source IDE and application framework originally developed by IBM and donated to the open source community five years ago. This brings IBM up to the latest open source version.
In another area, the modeling products in the suite Have been upgraded to advocate the UML 2.1 specification.
The release of version 7.0 besides helps IBM clarify its multiple evolution tools messages to customers, according to one analyst.
"The key thing is [bringing the tools] into alignment with the relaxation of IBM's story, as well as improving their work with [the] Eclipse [group]," says Bola Rotibi, principal analyst for application lifecycle at researcher Ovum in London. "IBM Rational Delivery Platform 7.0 is the most integrated version to date and 8.0 will be even more integrated."
In addition, IBM has integrated product advocate for the desktop products including WebSphere Services Registry Repository, Tivoli Component Application Manager and WebSphere commerce Modeler. Some Rational team product offerings are now integrated with the desktop products to aid companies win SOA results faster using a services architecture model, the company says.
Part of IBM's challenge since it bought Rational in 2003 for $2.1 billion is to simplify the company's primary messages to customers. The functional and philosophical changes made in the version 7.0 tools are an indication that the company is heading in that direction, according to Rotibi.
"One of the criticisms from customers is that IBM has a lot of [different] programming tools ... however, the total concept of application delivery is quite complex," says Rotibi. "The challenge for developers is that the features that you need to retract end-to-end is quite considerable."
Don't await IBM Rational's advocate for Eclipse to substantially quiver up the competition with Microsoft's Visual Studio. "[IBM is] competitive but Microsoft's world is based upon its platform [Windows and Visual Studio] and Rational is focused on Java on the coding side," says Rotibi.
Rotibi says there are areas where the two companies' product lines need to mesh for customers' sake. "If you peek at the modeling side, it's needful that the two talk to each other ... [for instance,] things dote requirements are not technology bound."
The updated tools in IBM Rational Software Delivery Platform 7.0 comprehend Application Developer for WebSphere Software, Software Architect, Software Modeler, Systems Developer, Functional Tester and Functional Tester Plus, Manual Tester, and ClearQuest and Functional Testing. In addition, the Data and Application Modeling Bundle provides Data Architect 7.0 and Software Modeler 7.0 together.
Stuart J. Johnston has covered technology, especially Microsoft, since February 1988 for InfoWorld, Computerworld, Information Week, and PC World, as well as for Enterprise Developer, XML & Web Services, and .NET magazines.
Call it a dash from the past. commerce process modeling was totality the rage in the early 1990s, and officials at federal agencies used the technique to rethink antiquated ways of doing business. "Re-engineering" became the buzzword du jour, and practitioners worked to discern an organization's as-is environment and define the to-be environment of smoothly flowing processes.
But re-engineering soon proved too time-consuming and expensive for some federal managers, and the concept fell out of favor. Although it never disappeared, it maintained a much lower profile in government.
Fast forward to 2004 and commerce process modeling is erotic again, driven by the Bush administration's enterprise architecture mandate. Agencies are using various approaches and advocate tools to win the architectural job done, and they are edifice commerce process modeling into some procurements.
"Most of the forward-thinking agencies recognize it has to be an integrated partake of their transformation," said Ray Bjorklund, senior vice president of consulting at Federal Sources Inc.
Those getting back into commerce process modeling will find an frail standby and newer methods. Integrated Computer-aided Manufacturing Definition (IDEF) was the approach of option in the 1990s and remains the only one compliant with Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS).
But joining IDEF now are two other techniques: Unified
Modeling Language (UML) and commerce Process Modeling Notation (BPMN).
UML comes from the object-oriented software design world and has been pressed into process modeling chores. Meanwhile, BPMN is an emerging approach that is gaining traction among software tool vendors. It promises to conclude what previous approaches Have failed to accomplish: integrate systems evolution from the commerce process model to actual code generation.
Whether the recent generation of commerce process modelers will indulge in greater success remains to be seen.
Business process modeling provides a course of visualizing the
often-complex workflows within an organization. The conception is to create a graphical representation of commerce processes that describes activities and their interdependencies. The resulting diagram reveals inefficiencies and areas for improvement.
Governmentwide enterprise architecture initiatives Have rekindled interest in commerce process modeling because it helps flesh out such architectures, which are models of agency information technology systems and commerce operations. The Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996 requires agencies to create enterprise architectures.
That aspect of the law has been leisurely to acquire root. But now, said Dennis Wisnosky, chief executive officer of Wizdom Systems Inc., an enforcement mechanism is in place: the Office of Management and Budget.
"OMB in 2004 is going to claim Clinger-Cohen compliance," said Wisnosky, whose company makes commerce process modeling software. And that calls for as-is and to-be commerce process models to be supported by an economic analysis demonstrating the benefits of a given investment, he said.
Indeed, agency officials Have made the crucial link between enterprise architecture and IT spending. Budget requests for IT projects must be consistent with OMB's umbrella federal enterprise architecture, which has been under evolution since 2002.
"Process modeling now has a context," said Jan Popkin, CEO of Popkin Software and Systems Inc., a manufacturer of commerce process modeling tools. The connection between process modeling and economic repercussion wasn't as tenacious in the 1990s, he added.
Popkin said he has seen an multiply in commerce process modeling activity among civilian and defense agencies. Wisnosky, meanwhile, has been making the re-engineering rounds in the Washington, D.C., area, teaching four classes on the topic in March alone.
Agency officials embarking on commerce process modeling projects Have a few methods from which to choose. Each offers a notation for capturing process flows as diagrams, and myriad software tools advocate one or more modeling methods.
The course with the most established track record is IDEF. It has origins going back 25 years and was prevalent in the 1990s. Today, IDEF plays a role in many enterprise architecture efforts.
"All the ones I've seen Have been using IDEF," Wisnosky said. The Defense Department Architectural Framework (DODAF) uses it, for example.
IDEF refers to a group of methods, each of which fulfills a specific purpose. IDEF0, for example, is used to model an organization's functions, while IDEF1x is used for data modeling. IDEF0 and IDEF1x are perhaps the most heavily used IDEF methods in government; both were published as FIPS in 1993. Tools supporting IDEF comprehend Wizdom Systems' WizdomWorks suite, Computer Associates International Inc.'s AllFusion ERwin Data Modeler and tools from knowledge Based Systems Inc.
The newcomer to the course coalesce is BPMN. The commerce Process Management Initiative, which released BPMN 1.0 in August 2003, describes the course as a common
visual vocabulary for depicting commerce processes. last month, The organization published a list of 20 companies that advocate BPMN. They comprehend Computer Sciences Corp., EDS, IBM Corp., Microsoft Corp. and Popkin Software.
Popkin said that although IDEF remains strong, "BPMN is going into the federal market."
The Homeland Security Department provides a prominent example.
DHS officials are tapping BPMN to aid them define requirements for finance, budget, procurement and other commerce operations. The requirements will feed into the
upcoming Electronically Managed Enterprise Resources for Government Efficiency and Effectiveness procurement, a major enhancement of the department's enterprise architecture.
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Aruba [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASIS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASQ [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASTQB [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Autodesk [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Avaya [96 Certification Exam(s) ]
AXELOS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Axis [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Banking [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
BEA [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
BICSI [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlackBerry [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlueCoat [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Brocade [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Objects [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Tests [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CA-Technologies [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certification-Board [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certiport [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
CheckPoint [41 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIPS [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cisco [318 Certification Exam(s) ]
Citrix [48 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIW [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cloudera [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cognos [19 Certification Exam(s) ]
College-Board [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CompTIA [76 Certification Exam(s) ]
ComputerAssociates [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Consultant [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Counselor [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institue [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institute [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CSP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNP [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Dassault [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
DELL [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
DMI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
DRI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECCouncil [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
EMC [129 Certification Exam(s) ]
Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
ESPA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Esri [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExamExpress [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Exin [40 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExtremeNetworks [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
F5-Networks [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
FCTC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Filemaker [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Financial [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
Food [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fortinet [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Foundry [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
FSMTB [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fujitsu [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
GAQM [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Genesys [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GIAC [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hitachi [30 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HP [750 Certification Exam(s) ]
HR [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
HRCI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAAP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAHCSMM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBM [1532 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISACA [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
ITEC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Juniper [64 Certification Exam(s) ]
LEED [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Logical-Operations [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
LPI [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
Microsoft [374 Certification Exam(s) ]
Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Oracle [279 Certification Exam(s) ]
P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [134 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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