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IBM pointed out today that it plans to acquire initiate programs, one of the crucial few closing impartial master facts administration (MDM) vendors.
initiate methods, based mostly in Chicago, specializes in MDM and statistics integration application for healthcare and govt businesses. The proposed acquisition confirms rumors that IBM would compose a play within the MDM market and comes just days after Informatica announced its buy of incite competitor Siperian.
"With the addition of provoke's application and its traffic competencies, IBM will offer shoppers a finished solution for supplying the suggestions they deserve to augment the well-being of sufferers at a reduce can charge," Arvind Krishna, ordinary manager of suggestions management at IBM, mentioned in a press release. "in a similar way, their government consumers will now hold much more capabilities for gathering and utilising suggestions to serve residents in a timely and productive method."The train of MDM is to create a sole view of grasp records -- most commonly customer and product statistics -- for exercise during an organization's operational, transactional and analytical functions.
IBM has invested heavily in its records management and analytics stack over the ultimate a few years, and the acquisition of incite will continue that fashion. IBM competes with Oracle, SAP and now Informatica within the prerogative away consolidating MDM market.
IBM is additionally seemingly trying to capitalize on the anticipated raise in adoption of digital medical statistics, which provoke's MDM know-how helps by means of helping healthcare organizations consolidate affected person statistics.
Rob Karel, an analyst with Cambridge, Mass.-based Forrester analysis, eminent that both Siperian and incite methods hold struggled to expand their client bases as unbiased providers, making the recent acquisitions a ratiocinative stream for the two.
"We reached an inflection factor," spoke of invoice Conroy, initiate's president and CEO, in a joint convention title with IBM. "may they as a diminutive enterprise sustain with the demands of their purchasers [for a more complete data management stack]?" The reply, apparently, was no.
The proposed acquisition should still improvement IBM in a number of methods, wrote Ray Wang, an analyst with Altimeter neighborhood in San Mateo, Calif., in a blog submit following the announcement. IBM will inherit provoke's "powerful" information integration platform and "deep healthcare and public sector experience."
The acquisition should additionally assist IBM differentiate its MDM offering from emulate Oracle, in line with Wang -- however not earlier than IBM does the difficult toil of harmonizing its multiple MDM applied sciences.
"nowadays, IBM offers Infosphere MDM Server for PIM in accordance with Trigo product suggestions management [PIM] and Infosphere MDM Server 9 in response to DWL for customer facts integration [CDI]," Wang wrote. "initiate systems provides a third and competent product into the lineup that is optimized for consumer data."
Arvind Krishna, GM of IBM's guidance management enterprise, said IBM plans to offer both product records and customer statistics MDM as divorce choices.
initiate has 347 personnel and counts CVS/Caremark, Humana, and the North Dakota department of Human functions among its clients. Neither traffic printed phrases of the deal, which is expected to shut in the first quarter.
PALO ALTO, Calif., Feb eleven, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE by artery of COMTEX) -- PALO ALTO, Calif., Feb. 11, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Inpixon INPX, +2.00% a number one indoor positioning and information analytics enterprise, these days announced the liberate of the Indoor Positioning Analytics (IPA) Connector for IBM(R) MaaS360(R) with Watson(TM). the combination allows for joint valued clientele of IBM MaaS360 and Inpixon IPA to implement cellular gadget security policies based on a wireless machine's selected state in a constructing. The connector is available in the IBM protection App change at https://change.xforce.ibmcloud.com/hub/?q=inpixon.
MaaS360 cellular gadget management (MDM) allows for IT companies to relaxed, manipulate and video panoply any company- or worker-owned mobile equipment. The solution allows agencies to configure the machine with corporate connectivity settings, electronic mail profiles and gadget-selected restrictions; to encrypt company counsel; to remotely wipe misplaced gadgets; and greater.
The Inpixon IPA Connector for MaaS360 provides wonderful capabilities to the IBM answer. peculiarly, the Inpixon IPA Connector for MaaS360 allows MDM administrators to utilize numerous geo-fenced zones on a facility flooring plan. As a instant tackle strikes throughout the workplace ambiance, the Inpixon IPA Connector sends the telephone's state to MaaS360, allowing MaaS360 to shove out vicinity-selected guidelines. the most universal exercise case is to disable a mobilephone's digital camera, audio recorder and transmission features while in a high protection, no-mobilephone-phones zone. This capability helps to prevent recording of exclusive conversations, theft of highbrow property, and transmission/reception of voice and records whereas in the zone.
"Cybersecurity situation awareness and instant intrusion detection are key value propositions Inpixon IPA grants out of the container," stated Soumya Das, COO of Inpixon. "When used at the side of MaaS360, shoppers are capable of augment their cellular protection capabilities. We're excited to compose the Inpixon Indoor Positioning Analytics integration available to MaaS360 global consumers throughout the IBM security App trade."
"IBM believes within the magnitude of ecosystems and integrating seamlessly with finest-of-breed enterprise safety infrastructure, like Inpixon," stated Charles Brown, Sr. offering manager, IBM. "including the Inpixon IPA Connector for MaaS360 within the IBM safety App exchange allows their mutual shoppers to leverage the moneyed cellular safety facts set of MaaS360 with the dash of Inpixon IPA."
About InpixonInpixon INPX, +2.00% is a leader in Indoor Positioning Analytics (IPA). Inpixon IPA Sensors are designed to locate bar not anything accessible mobile, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth gadgets anonymously. Paired with a high-efficiency facts analytics platform, this expertise provides visibility, safety, and enterprise intelligence on any traffic or govt vicinity global. Inpixon's items and skilled features neighborhood aid valued clientele Take competencies of cellular, massive statistics, analytics, and the web of issues (IoT) to determine the untold reports of the indoors. For the newest insight on IPA, comply with Inpixon on LinkedIn, @InpixonHQ on Twitter, and talk over with inpixon.com.
secure Harbor StatementAll statements in this unlock that don't seem to subsist in keeping with musty veracity are "forward-searching statements" inside the which means of the private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and the provisions of zone 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and zone 21E of the Securities change Act of 1934, as amended. whereas administration has based mostly any forward-searching statements blanketed in this free up on its latest expectations, the assistance on which such expectations hold been based mostly may additionally change. These forward-searching statements reckon on a pair of assumptions concerning future hobbies and are territory to a pair of dangers, uncertainties and different factors, lots of that are outdoor of the ply of Inpixon and its subsidiaries, which may cause genuine effects to materially vary from such statements. Such hazards, uncertainties, and other components encompass, but don't seem to subsist constrained to, using the Inpixon IPA platform with IBM MaaS360 Connector, the fluctuation of pecuniary situations, the efficiency of management and personnel, Inpixon's capability to gain financing, competition, frequent economic situations and different factors which are precise in Inpixon's periodic and current experiences purchasable for assessment at sec.gov. furthermore, Inpixon operates in a enormously aggressive and rapidly altering ambiance the state novel and unanticipated risks might moreover Come up. accordingly, buyers should no longer region any reliance on forward-looking statements as a prediction of specific consequences. Inpixon disclaims any object to, and undertakes no responsibility to, supersede or revise ahead-searching statements.
Contact:Inpixon Investor family members:CORE IRScott Arnold, Managing Director+1 516-222-2560www.coreir.com
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CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Jan. 15, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- IBM (NYSE: IBM) nowadays introduced that IBM® MaaS360® with Watson™ has been named with the aid of Google as an Android traffic advised admit for business-owned, BYOD, and dedicated instruments.
IBM agency emblem. (PRNewsFoto/IBM organisation) (PRNewsFoto/) (PRNewsfoto/IBM)greater
Android traffic informed, a Google-led program, validates commercial enterprise Mobility management (EMM) product choices that are built to an extended set of admit necessities the exercise of superior Android commercial enterprise points that prioritize modern management the artery to abet company shoppers compose the most of the better of Android. Android enterprise advised EMMs dwell latest with the newest platform points and toil closely with Google to present regularly educated group of workers, proven substances and depended on assistance to compose inescapable a constant, a hit deployment.
traditionally, tips know-how and safety leaders hold carried out cellular machine administration (MDM) and traffic mobility administration (EMM) solutions with a purpose to uphold manipulate and comfy mobile contraptions within the business. With the introduction of laptops, pcs, wearables and internet of issues (IoT) gadgets in an ever-altering latitude of endpoints and enterprise exercise instances, groups want a platform that presents visibility and ply over their endpoint and mobile ambiance: unified endpoint administration (UEM). MaaS360 is the handiest platform that can provide an AI approach to UEM to enable endpoints, End users, and every minute thing in between — together with apps, content, and information.
MaaS360 provides the visibility and ply IT must assist cozy Android smartphones, drugs, IoT, and ruggedized gadgets in the commercial enterprise. MaaS360 contains assist for Android within the commercial enterprise, Samsung Knox and Android version 2.2 and better. With identical-day aid for the latest Android OS version, Pie (9.0), clients gain quick entry to the latest protection and productivity functionality attainable throughout the platform.
"With giant Android commercial enterprise activations for MaaS360, they now hold prioritized no longer handiest the product roadmap to ensure their shoppers can undertake the Android enterprise admit sets, however moreover working towards and enablement for the IBM revenue and aid companies to top of the line lead the platform." pointed out John Nielsen, providing manager, MaaS360, IBM security. "With the consistency that Android commercial enterprise provides shoppers across a variety of Android manufacturers, they don't anticipate the adoption trend to late down any time soon."
MaaS360 and Android Integrations
MaaS360 changed into one of the vital first UEM/EMM solutions to lead the Android working gadget, starting returned in 2010. With the release of Android commercial enterprise zero-touch enrollment, various customers hold deployed the admit leveraging Android enterprise through MaaS360. Android 9 Pie presents novel performance already supported by means of MaaS360, similar to improved lock down mode, aboriginal assist for shared instruments, and streamlined QR code enrollment.
moreover working with main know-how providers to lead the newest platform updates, performance and standards, MaaS360 is committed to supplying a top of the line in nature AI and analytics journey for IT & protection specialists and their personnel. during the past yr, MaaS360 has introduced a scope of characteristic enhancements designed to aid the convenience, speed, and self-possession in decision-making bearing on endpoints and their ordinary exercise within the commercial enterprise.
the usage of the UEM's cognitive capabilities, MaaS360 coverage suggestion Engine dynamically shows recommendations prerogative through configuration to aid administrators ascertain their inputs are in alignment with that of their friends across passcode, container, restrictions, and greater. MaaS360 Assistant, the first-ever AI sidekick for the cellular employee, is designed to abet enhance cellular productiveness whereas cutting down the extent of tolerable conclusion-user assist inquiries. enterprise Dashboards for Apps helps companies track ROI on their commercial enterprise app investments, clearing up which had been discovered, which haven't, and which are crashing – highlighting the ones that necessity probably the most consideration and prioritization.
IBM MaaS360 with Watson is attainable for a 30-day free trial: https://www.ibm.com/maas360-trial
To find out extra about how IBM and Google hold partnered for a hit Android adoption in the commercial enterprise, associate their upcoming January 31st webinar: https://experience.on24.com/wcc/r/1898869/E41647FDCF214C008DE864A962F1295E?partnerref=PR
Google and Android are emblems of Google LLC.
About IBM protection IBM security offers one of the crucial superior and integrated portfolios of commercial enterprise protection products and features. The portfolio, supported by means of world-sought after IBM X-drive® analysis, makes it feasible for companies to quite simply manage possibility and defend towards rising threats. IBM operates probably the most world's broadest safety research, construction and nascence companies, screens 60 billion safety events per day in additional than a hundred thirty nations, and has been granted greater than 10,000 safety patents global. For greater tips, please investigate www.ibm.com/protection, follow IBMSecurity on Twitter or visit the IBM security Intelligence weblog.
CONTACT: Dillon Townsel email@example.com 512-571-3455
View customary content material to down load multimedia:http://www.prnewswire.com/information-releases/ibm-maas360-with-watson-among-first-ever-android-commercial enterprise-informed-emm-solutions-300778058.html
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CASTILE, N.Y., Oct. 28, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Supporting jobs and the economy of novel York's Southern Tier, Norfolk Southern (NYSE: NSC), the novel York state Department of Transportation, and the novel York state Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, alongside numerous other supporters, broke ground today on a novel $70 million steel arch railroad bridge in Letchworth state Park.
The novel single-track bridge – expected to Take about three years to construct – will subsist 900 feet long and located about 75 feet south of the current iron truss bridge, which spans the Genesee River Gorge. NS moreover will construct 1,200 feet of novel track on either side of the gorge to align existing tracks with the novel bridge.
"This successful public-private partnership underscores the stout self-possession they bar not anything hold in the ongoing potential of the Southern Tier," said James A. Squires, Norfolk Southern chairman, president and CEO. "Norfolk Southern has a robust bridge program, and the novel Portageville Bridge will subsist a testament to today's expert engineers and the craftsmanship of today's railroaders. They anticipate this project will start a novel rail legacy for Letchworth state Park and the Southern Tier."
When completed, the novel bridge will subsist the linchpin of a vibrant Norfolk Southern rail line that helps businesses in Buffalo and the Southern Tier regions connect with markets east and west. Among the novel York-based entities to capitalize from the novel bridge will subsist 10 short line railroads that serve local businesses and connect them to the Norfolk Southern network.
"This project is censorious to the economy of the Southern Tier," said novel York state Sen. Patrick Gallivan. "The current bridge has served the region well for 140 years, but it must subsist replaced with a modern span that can meet the transportation needs of the 21st century. In addition to the construction jobs this project will create, the bridge will serve and uphold businesses throughout the region for years to come."
The budget for the bridge project includes $3 million in design costs and $2.5 million in construction costs from the novel York Department of Transportation; a $2 million grant from the Finger Lakes Regional Economic evolution Council; and a $10 million grant from the U.S. Federal Highway Administration. Norfolk Southern will contribute the balance. Construction is expected to originate by the End of 2015.
"Maintaining a safe, modern freight rail network throughout novel York state is censorious to supporting traffic and generating economic activity," said Matthew J. Driscoll, novel York state Department of Transportation commissioner. "The novel Portageville Bridge will subsist a stunning and more efficient addition to Letchworth state Park and is one more illustration of Gov. Andrew Cuomo's commitment to novel York State's rail network."
"The Portageville Bridge project is a worthy illustration of building better infrastructure through partnerships between governments at the local, state, and federal smooth and the private sector," said Michael Canavan, FHWA novel York Division chief operating officer. "FHWA is haughty to subsist a fraction of it. novel York now has a bridge across the Genesee River that will bolt long distance freight more efficiently by rail while protecting the stunning Letchworth state Park for the wonderful of residents, neighbors, and visitors."
The Erie Railroad built the current wrought-iron bridge in 1875, and while it has served several railroad owners from the Erie Lackawanna Railroad to Conrail, its current condition can no longer efficiently ply modern-day freight rail transportation. Currently, Norfolk Southern must late freight trains crossing the bridge to 10 mph, and freight car weights must subsist reduced 13,000 pounds below the industry standard.
"Our customers peer to Norfolk Southern for a 21st century transportation option that's safe, reliable, and efficient," said Jim Carter, Norfolk Southern chief engineer bridge and structures. "The artery they meet this demand is to hold a dependable infrastructure. They peer to this novel Portageville Bridge as a censorious fraction of the Southern Tier's success story."
"The replacement Portageville Bridge will continue to complement the natural beauty of Letchworth state Park, while removing a longtime transportation bottleneck," said Finger Lakes Regional Economic evolution Council co-chairs, University of Rochester President Joel Seligman and Wegmans Food Markets CEO Danny Wegman. "Breaking ground on this project underscores the import of private and state partners collaborating to accommodate the freight rail transportation that is so censorious to their region's economic viability. We are pleased that the Finger Lakes Regional Economic evolution Council is supporting this major infrastructure project."
The current bridge will remain open during construction of the novel arch bridge and then subsist dismantled. During construction, the Portage entrance to Letchworth state Park will subsist closed to vehicular traffic. The nearby Castile entrance has been enhanced and will accommodate additional vehicular traffic. Additionally, the Mary Jemison, Finger Lakes and Gorge trails, and the Highbridge parking lot will subsist closed during construction.
State Parks Commissioner Rose Harvey said, "State Parks congratulates their partners at DOT and Norfolk Southern on the start of this principal economic evolution project. The novel bridge was thoughtfully designed to frame the view of the magnificent gorge for bar not anything who visit the nation's favorite state park."
About Norfolk Southern
Norfolk Southern Corporation (NYSE: NSC) is one of the nation's premier transportation companies. Its Norfolk Southern Railway Company subsidiary operates approximately 20,000 route miles in 22 states and the District of Columbia, serves every major container port in the eastern United States, and provides efficient connections to other rail carriers. Norfolk Southern operates the most extensive intermodal network in the East and is a major transporter of coal, automotive, and industrial products.
Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20151028/281471
To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/norfolk-southern-and-new-york-state-begin-replacement-of-key-portageville-rail-bridge-in-support-of-southern-tier-economy-300168015.html
SOURCE Norfolk Southern Corporation
Also see: inquire HN: Freelancer? Seeking freelancer? (March 2013) http://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=5304173
This is the Frequently Asked Questions posting of the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroup). Copyleft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio (firstname.lastname@example.org) But still under construction... (name a page that isn't!)Q#1 What's a FAQ? 2/8/95 Q#2 How conclude I win to comp.sys.apple2 and what is it? 2/9/95 Q#3 How conclude I win files off the net? 2/8/95 Q#4 Where can I win Apple II software and info on the net? 2/8/95 Q#5 What archivers conclude I necessity to know about? Q#6 More about BinSCII Q#7 ShrinkIt and NuFX archives Q#8 Executioner Q#9 Apple Archive Format (aaf) Q#10 Net standard formats Q#11 A quick note about ProDos filetypes Q#12 What conclude the file extensions mean? Q#13 How conclude I order what kind of file this is? 2/8/95 Q#14 What is an Apple II? 1/1/95 Q#15 The Apple I Q#16 The Apple ][ and Apple ][+ Q#17 The Apple //e Q#18 The Apple //C and IIC+ Q#19 The Laser 128EX Q#20 The Apple IIGS Q#21 The Apple ][e Emulation Card Q#22 Some Common Questions (with answers!) 2/8/95 Q#23 Info about A2's: Q#24 What is 8 bit and 16 bit? Q#25 How can I order what version my computer is? Q#26 What programming languages are available for the Apple ][? Q#27 Adding Hardware: Q#28 Can the Apple II connect to SCSI devices? Q#29 Can I exercise Macintosh Monitors or 3.5" drives with my ][? Q#30 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple //e? Q#31 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple IIGS? Q#32 Can I hook up a scanner up to my //e? Can it conclude OCR? Q#33 Can a Disk ][ subsist used on a GS smartport? Q#34 What's the scoop on the novel HD 3.5" drive? Q#35 I want a Y-adapter for my GS keyboard. Q#36 File Transfer: Q#37 How can I transfer stuff to/from an IBM/Mac? Q#38 File transfer: Apple //e ---> Macintosh Q#39 File transfer: Apple //e <--- Macintosh Q#40 File transfer: Apple //e ---> IBM Q#41 File transfer: Apple //e <--- IBM Q#42 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> Macintosh Q#43 File transfer: Apple IIGS <--- Macintosh Q#44 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> IBM Q#45 File transfer: Apple IIGS <--- IBM Q#46 What's the CTI Drive? Q#47 How about hooking up cheap IDE arduous Drives? Q#48 How conclude I exercise stuff I hold transferred to/from an IBM/Mac? Q#49 How conclude I win frigid Mac Icons and fonts onto my GS? Q#50 What programs are there for conversion of vivid images? Q#51 I hold an musty CPM / PASCAL / DOS 3.3 disk. How conclude I win it into ProDos? Q#52 How conclude you copy from a 5.25" disk to 3.5" disk? Q#53 different problems: Q#54 How conclude I win out of Basic (that minute "]" prompt and flashing cursor? Q#55 What are the problems with GSCII? Q#56 AppleWorks won't print to my printer. What gives? Q#57 My GS control panel keeps resetting to the defaults and/or forgetting the date. Q#58 I'm getting error XXX. What's it mean? Q#59 Why does my Apple II lose characters when I'm using the modem? Q#60 Where conclude I win uphold for AE boards now that they are closed? Q#61 Is there a QWK reader for the Apple //e? Q#62 System 6.0 mini-FAQ Q#63 Common Problems Q#64 Tips & Hints Q#65 If you hold a RamFast Q#66 If you hold a Vulcan or AE high Density disk Q#67 If you hold ProSel Q#68 If you hold an AMR 3.5" Q#69 GSCII+ & HFS Note Q#70 What to conclude with an Apple ][? 2/8/95 Q#71 What can you hook up to an Apple ][? Q#72 What can you conclude with an Apple ][? Q#73 What can the //e can "borrow" from other computers? Q#74 What can the GS can "borrow" from other computers? Q#75 Resources for the Apple II 2/8/95 Q#76 Apple II Groups Q#77 Getting Parts & Software Q#78 Fun hardware add-ons Q#79 Periodicals & Books Q#80 Misc Resources Q#81 universal guidelines on How To Troubleshoot Q#82 universal troubleshooting Q#83 throe shooting and wonderful maintenance Q#84 GS throe shooting Q#85 SCSI Q#86 Tips on setting up a SCSI system: Q#1 What's a FAQ? 2/8/95
Hi! Welcome to the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroup!
Sorry about the previous posts (or lack there of). Some things weren't getting into novel posts because the highly contorted artery I post this. Hopefully, this post actually works. Feel free parch me in effigy if I don't win it right, then e-mail me about it.
I hope it becomes a valuable resource. If not, what's it missing??
Dan DeMaggio (email@example.com)Q#2 How conclude I win to comp.sys.apple2 and what is it? 2/9/95
c.s.a2 is a USENET newsgroup. USENET posts can originate from your local newsreader and spread to hundreds of thousands of machines throughout the the world. The comp.comp.sys.apple2 - universal discussion and questions relating to bar not anything Apple //'s comp.sys.apple2.comm - Communications and networking related issues comp.sys.apple2.gno - Discussion of program GNO/ME for the Apple IIGS (UNIX for the Apple IIGS) comp.sys.apple2.marketplace - Buying, selling and promoting Apple // related products comp.sys.apple2.programmer - Discussion relating to any aspect of programming the Apple // comp.sys.apple2.usergroups - Discussion relating to Apple // usergroups comp.binaries.apple2 - Public Domain/Shareware Software for all Apple //'s comp.sources.apple2 - A moderated newsgroup for the posting of Apple // related source code comp.emulators.apple2 - Discussion relating to the exercise of Apple // emulation software/hardware on an IBM compatible system alt.emulators.ibmpc.apple2 - Older "ALT" version of above
If you only hold e-mail access to the Internet, you will find the following addresses helpful. compose positive you hold a big mailbox and the time to sift through lots of messages per day. esteem getting better connected to the Internet (read "The gross Internet Users lead And Catalog" for more info.)For this: route a message carcass of "help" to: --------------------------- --------------------------------- Subscribe to C.S.A2 (internet) LISTSERV@vm1.nodak.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@NDSUVM APPLE2-L archives (internet) LISTSERV@brownvm.brown.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@BROWNVM Games from APPLE2-L (internet) LISTSERV@utarlvm1.uta.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@UTARLVM1 More files via E-Mail (i-net) firstname.lastname@example.org (BITNET) FILESERV@PLAINS Kermit file transfer program KERMSRV@cuvmb.cc.columbia.edu (BITNET) KERMSRV@CUVMA (BITNET) Apple /// files (internet) APPLE3-L@WVNVM.WVNET.EDU
Once you are getting c.s.a2 in your mailbox, you may want to post. Just exercise the addresses listed below. People with direct access to the newsgroups conclude not necessity these, as they can exercise their intelligence software to post.Post to any newsgroup email@example.com OR firstname.lastname@example.org OR email@example.com OR firstname.lastname@example.org OR email@example.com OR firstname.lastname@example.org Post to comp.sys.apple2 email@example.com
Comp.binaries.apple2 is a newsgroup used to dole PD (Public Domain - may subsist used and copied freely.), FW (Freeware - ditto, except that the original owner retains the Copyright.) or SW (Shareware - try it for free, pay for it if you exercise it) Apple II software (executables, pictures, sounds, etc...). Software distributed on comp.binaries.apple2 is expected to subsist a BinSCII text file containing a ShrinkIt archive. please post a text description of your program and what it requires to rush so people can order if they necessity it or not. You may cross-post the description (only) to comp.sys.apple2. please don't post questions or answers in the binaries group. Remember, distribution of commercial software is illegal.
Comp.sources.apple2 is a newsgroup used to dole Apple II source code. The posts in comp.sources.apple2 should subsist in Apple Archive Format. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org for details.
Discussions concerning the software posted in these groups, or the methods of locating, decoding, or accessing this software, or questions on locating archive sites of this software, or any OTHER discussions are to subsist held in comp.sys.apple2. If someone DOES either intentionally or accidentally post to the binary/source groups, please respond only in E-mail - conclude not compound the problem!Q#3 How conclude I win files off the net? 2/8/95 Quick Summary: Step 1: compose a list of files that you want Step 2: win files to your host (a UNIX box or ProLine BBS) Step 3: win files to your Apple II Step 4: Create BINSCII Step 5: Create ShrinkIt Step 6: exercise BinSCII & Shrinkit to create Shrinkit GS Step 7: Extract the files you _REALLY_ wanted ---- Step 1: compose a list of files that you want 1) You necessity BINSCII (binscii.exe) and ShrinkIt (shrinkit.3.3.exe.bsc). For a shortcut, contemplate Chuck Orem in the resources section. 2) If you hold a GS (and exercise GS/OS), you will want Shrinkit GS (shrinkit.gs.exe) and GSCII (gscii.bsc) 3) Add any other files you want. Don't try to win everything the first time around. Try one or two test files for starters. Note: Filenames can vary from site to site. Shrinkit and Binscii are usually available on bar not anything the Apple II FTP sites. Step 2a: (For ProLine users) win files to your host 1) Dial up your host and log in. 2) I'm not confidential with ProLine, so I'll subsist vague here. Just go into the files section and look... Anyone wanna clue me in? Step 2b: (for those with a Sell account) win files to your host 1) pick an FTP site from the FAQ 2) At your UNIX prompt, nature "ftp _____" (fill in hostname) 3) At the "Login:" prompt, nature "anonymous" (or "ftp" if you are a spoiled speller like me ;) 4) nature in your e-mail address when prompted for a password. 5) nature "bin" unless you are only getting text files 6) nature "cd ______" (directory) to bolt to the prerogative directory. 6) nature "ls" to contemplate a list of files. 7) Locate each file (more "cd ___"'s and "ls"). Also, "cd .." will bolt up a directory in the tree.) 8) exercise "get ______" (filename) to win it 9) When you are done using FTP, nature "quit" Step 3: win files to your Apple II 1) Find out what file transfer protocols your Apple communications package supports. (see below for a list) 2) On your local comm program, set your file transfer nature to Text (TXT) or Binary (BIN) depending on what nature of file you are downloading. If there is an option to "strip incoming linefeeds", try turning it on. 3) win your host to route you the file. I don't know about ProLine, but UNIX users can exercise these commands: For Z-Modem: "sz ___ ____ ____" (file names) For X-Modem: "sx ____" (one at a time) For Kermit: "kermit", then "put _____" (filename) 5) If needed, order your local communications program to Receive. You must conclude this quickly, or the other host will give up trying to route the file. 4) Write down the plenary pathname of the files you downloaded and where you state them. There will subsist a quiz later. Pathnames peer like "/DISK/DIR/FILE.NAME" Note: If something goes wrong, hit ESC, Ctrl-X or Ctrl-C 3 times. If you can't win one protocol to work, try the next one down. Z-modem is much faster than the others. You will want to find a program that supports it. Step 4: Create BINSCII (if needed) 1) After you disconnect, proceed into Applesoft by starting BASIC.SYSTEM 2) At the `]` prompt, nature 'EXEC ____' (your BINSCII file name) Note: If you win ?SYNTAX ERRORs then something went wrong. Try looking at the file with a Text Editor. 3) nature "cat" and peer for BINSCII (type 'SYS') 4) nature "-BINSCII" or "-BINSCII.SYSTEM" depending on above Note: You should win the BINSCII opening screen. Step 5: Create ShrinkIt (if needed) 1) If your Shrinkit file ends in ".BSC" then (In BINSCII) nature in the filename of your ShrinkIt file 2) Quit BINSCII. win into AppleSoft again. 3) nature "EXEC SHRINKIT3.3.XTX" (you may necessity the plenary pathname) 4) rush ShrinkIt with "-SHRINKIT.SYSTEM" Step 6: Extracting everything else 1) If it's BSQ or BSC, rush it through BINSCII 2) If BINSCII creates a ".SHK" file, or if you download a ".SHK" file, then exercise ShrinkIt on the file. It's effortless to exercise and it doesn't give you the dreaded "FILENAME QUIZ!"
For those who haven't picked a program to download with, here are the biggies. bar not anything of the non-commercial programs are available from FTP sites. If you don't hold a comm program already, your best wager is to hold someone mail you one on a disk or buy ProTerm. (See resources).Program Comp Emulations Protocols Note ---------|----|--------------------------------------------------------------- ProTerm E$ PSE, VT-100 Kermit, X,Y,Z-modem From InSync PTP E$, VT-100 X-Modem, (Y-mdm D/L) From character Computers Kermit-65 E VT-100 Kermit, X-modem arduous to use,Works on ][+ Z-Link E VT-100 X-modem Good. CommSys E not anything X-modem Works on ][+ TIC E$ VT-100 (+) X-modem Small, Scripting. Agate E mono ANSI X,(Y,Z D/L only) Unpacks ZIP, Buggy ColorTerm GS color ANSI X-modem Desktop based MegaTerm GS color ANSI not anything ProDOS 8 ANSITerm GS$ color ANSI, PSE X,Y,Z-modem Editor, scrollback, etc. SnowTerm GS VT-100 (+) not anything Desktop based FreeTerm GS not anything X-modem Desktop based GenComm GS not anything not anything Text, Shell Compat. GSVT GS VT-100 not anything Desktop GTerm GS color ANSI not anything Written in BASIC/ML Telcom GS VT-100, PSE X, (Y D/L only) Shell compat ----------Key:--------- | Key: $ = A commercial program + = And other obscure ones | Computer: E = works on GS and //e, GS = only works on GS | D/L = Download from other computer --- PTP = Point-To-Point. I don't deem it's being sold anymore. Anyone know? See the resources section for where to buy the commercial programs. Q#4 Where can I win Apple II software and info on the net? 2/8/95
[A quick note about URL notation: For those of you with plenary net access, you can rush a web browser (like Lynx if you are dialed in from your Apple), which will understand URLs directly. Otherwise, ignore the 'http:' ones and contemplate the previous section on how to exercise the FTP ones.)Hint: ftp://grind.isca.uiowa.edu /apple2 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ Hostname Directory
OK, so here's a bunch of resources:
http://www.umich.edu:80/group/itd/archive/Public/html/apple2/faq/faq.html - Hypertext version of this FAQ
http://www.umich.edu/~archive - Umich archive via the web
ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/emulate-apple2-faq - Emulation FAQ
http://www.info.apple.com/aboutapple/prodlst.html - Apple's Product List, including some Apple II products!
http://www.ericse.ohio-state.edu/SSII.html - ShareWare Solutions II Homepage
http://www.ccsf.caltech.edu/~dmz/a2archive.html - Caltech Apple II Archive
http://www.ugcs.caltech.edu/~nathan/apl2.resource.html - Nathan Mates Apple II Links. Lots of 'em.
http://starship.nmsu.edu:6502/ - ?
ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/misc/textfiles/bbs.list.txt - Mike Shecket's BBS listing
ftp://names.wvu.edu/pub/apple3 - Apple III stuff
http://micromedia.com/www/stlouis/usergrps.htm - Apple user group
Major FTP sites and mirrors:
Note: Files on brownvm.brown.edu are stored by serial number. For a human- readable directory, route e-mail with the text "INDEX APPLE2-L" or "INFO REFCARD" (no subject) to email@example.com.
Other FTP Sites:
ftp://ftp.uu.net/systems/apple2Archives of C.S.A2 Newsgroups: =============================== wuarchive.wustl.edu /usenet/comp.sources.apple2 (complete!) /usenet/comp.binaries.apple2 ?ftp.tohoku.ac.jp /pub/news/comp.binaries.apple2 hp4nl.nluug.nl /pub/newsarchive/comp/sources/apple2 (incomplete) mcsun.eu.net /pub/newsarchive/comp/sources/apple2 (incomplete) nic.funet.fi /pub/archive/comp.sources.apple2 (complete?) relay.cs.toronto.edu /pub/lists.1989 (1989 only)
If you hold a Shell account, you can exercise 'archie' to find ftp sites with a particular file.Q#5 What archivers conclude I necessity to know about?
There are two programs you will necessity to hold an subsist confidential with to win software off the net. They are BinSCII and ShrinkIt. ShrinkIt is like PKZIP on the PC, or STUFFIT on the mac.: It puts multiple files into one compressed archive. This way, you can win the program, documentation and related files in one swoop. Unfortunately, USENET can only ply text, not 8-bit binary information. Thus the necessity for BinSCII, which can Take a file (usually a ShrinkIt file) and whirl it into a train of meaningless letters, numbers and punctuation. This text travels thru USENET to you, where you necessity BinSCII to whirl back into data that the computer can actually use.Q#6 More about BinSCII
When turning a binary file into text, BinSCII will output a train of files. Each file contains a segment of the original program encoded in BinSCII format. These segments are diminutive enough to subsist posted or e-mailed without clogging the network. (Actually, they are usually posted 3 at a time to rescue bandwidth). [NB: A BinScii text file is partially larger than the original binary file.] On FTP sites, these will subsist 'blah.BSQ', but on USENET, you give them your own title when you rescue a posting.
When re-creating a binary file from the BinScii segments, bar not anything one has to conclude is collect bar not anything the segments and rush them through BinScii. Each segment has a header that tells BinScii what to do. BinSCII is intelligent enough to wade through bar not anything extraneous text (i.e. newsgroup headers, etc) and find the segments. It does not matter what order the segments are in, and the segments can subsist in different files. The only thing you hold to recall is that BinScii does not check to contemplate if bar not anything of the segments hold been accounted for. If there are segments missing, the program will not work, or you will win a 'file corrupted' error when unshrinking.
GS users can exercise GSCII+, an NDA version of Binscii. GSCII+ can moreover encode/decode several other formats.
For those with Shell accounts, you can exercise SciiBin (decode-only version of BinSCII) to reduce your download time. You will necessity to compile this on your Unix box (ask for abet from a local Guru), then rush your BinScii files (from comp.binaries.apple2) through it. You will now hold the original (smaller) file. This works worthy if there is a NuFX archive in the BinSCII file, but can cause problems if BinSCII was applied directly to ProDos executable files. In this case, you will hold to download the BinSCII file.
If you necessity a Unix BinSCII encoder, Bsc will conclude the trick.
ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/unix/bsc.aafQ#7 ShrinkIt and NuFX archives
ShrinkIt is an Apple II program which takes one or more Apple II ProDOS files or disks and 'archives' them into a sole file (called a NuFX archive). It moreover stores bar not anything the vital ProDos information, such as filetype and auxtype. Usually these files are denoted by putting a ".SHK" extension on the archive. ShrinkIt can moreover shrink an entire disk into a file (extension ".SDK"), but this should only used when the disk is not ProDos. ShrinkIt is moreover a menu driven utility that not only compresses and extracts, but it can moreover format disks, copy files, etc.
If you hold a GS, you will want the GShk, which is even more of a marvel utility than it's 8-bit counterpart. Files encoded with GShk are usually smaller than those encoded with ShrinkIt, but can still subsist extracted with ShrinkIt (except files with resource forks. Watch those educate documents if you want Apple //e's to read it!).
If you can't rush Shrinkit because you hold a ][+, you can exercise ShrinkIt+, UnShrinkIt+ and Autounshrink.Q#8 Executioner
Executioner is an older format that is only used to dole BinSCII (otherwise you would hold a catch-22!). It usually has a "CALL -151" at the top (if not, delete everything above it), and doesn't exercise punctuation like BinSCII does.
To translate an Executioner text file to an Apple II file required that you delete the mail headers/trailers, translated the newlines into carriage returns, download the file to your Apple II and from Applesoft Basic, nature the command 'EXEC <filename>' where <filename> is the title of the file you downloaded.Q#9 Apple Archive Format (aaf)
Apple Archive Format was invented as a standard artery to post source code to comp.sources.apple2. The C and Basic source code to aaf unpackers are available on the various FTP sites, in aaf format. Fortunately, files in aaf format can subsist turned back into source code with a simple text editor. Just burst the file up into component files and remove the first character of each line.
ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/unix/aafQ#10 Net standard formats
There are several formats that are used widely on the Internet. The most common in FTP sites are tar (.tar) and compress (.Z). To undo a Tape Archive, nature 'tar -xvf filename.tar'. To undo a compress, nature 'uncompress filename.Z'. Since tar does not compose the file smaller, and compress can only compress 1 file, many times you will find files that are 'tarred an feathered'. They hold a '.tar.Z' extension. Just rush uncompress then un-tar the result. Other USENET groups will exercise uuencode (.uu) to route binaries. Just nature 'uudecode file.uu'. BinSCII is better than uuencode because 1> It stores the ProDos filetype. 2> It splits the file into manageable 12K chunks. 3> It does a CRC checksum on each chunk.
Most of these 'Unix' standard formats are available on the Apple. contemplate the table below.Q#11 A quick note about ProDos filetypes
ProDos keeps some information about a file's type. Files can subsist text (TXT), binary (BIN), executable (SYS), fonts (FON), etc. Most other file systems conclude not hold a state to store this information, so it may win 'lost' when you upload the file. Similarly, when you download a file, you may not know the file type. Most comm programs will exercise some default. For NuFX archives, this is not a big deal, since you can still unpack an archive if the filetype is wrong (and the archive protects the filetype of the files inside the archive). For other files, you may necessity to change the file's type. One utility I recommend is File assign Zapper II.
ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/8bit/util/fazz.2.3.bsq|Type| NuFX | Bin | uuen-| com- |.ZOO | Bin | LZH/| Stuff| ARC | Other| Program | | | SCII | code | press | | Hex | LHA | -It | | | --------|-|------|------|------|-------|-----|-----|-----|------|-----|------| Binscii |e| | X | | | | | | | | | Shrinkit|e| X | | | | | | | | | | DeArc |e| | | | | | | | | D | | Angel|e| | | | X | X | | X | | X | .ZIP | GShk |g| X | | | D | D | | | D | D | | GSCII+ |g| | X | X | | | D | | | | .AAF | sscii |x| | X | X | | | X | | | | | PMPUnzip|x| | | | | | | | | | .ZIP | LHext |x| | | | | | | D? | | | | BSC |c| | E | | | | | | | | | Nulib |c| X | | | | | | | | | | SciiBin |c| | D | | | | | | | | | (Key: E = Encode only, D = Decode only, X = Encode and Decode) (Type: e = Apple //e, g = GS Only, x = GS EXE file, c = C Source code)  Angel is pretty Buggy, but it's worth a try. Program Format Author --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Nulib v3.21 C Andy McFadden (firstname.lastname@example.org) SciiBin v3.10 C Marcel Mol, Dave Whitnet, Bruce Kahn Bsc v1.2 C Neil Parker Executioner A Glen Bredon BinSCII v1.0.3 A David Whitney (email@example.com) ShrinkIt v3.3 A Andy Nicholas (firstname.lastname@example.org) (Un)ShrinkIt+ A Andy Nicholas (email@example.com) AutoUnShrink A Andy Nicholas (firstname.lastname@example.org) GShk v1.1 G Andy Nicholas (email@example.com) GSCII+ 2.3.1 G Darek Taubert (firstname.lastname@example.org) Format: C - Distributed as source code written in C. A - Executable, runs on most Apple //s. G - Executable, runs on GS only.
ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/8bit/util/dearcQ#12 What conclude the file extensions mean?
Many times, people state filename extensions (extra characters at the End of a filename) to denote what nature of file it is. please note that these are just accepted standards. If a file does not bespeak it's type, your guess is as wonderful as mine. The following is a table of some common filename extensions. contemplate the previous section (on archivers) for programs that will deal with these files.Extension What is it? (What program conclude I use?) --------- --------------------------------------------------------------- .aaf [TEXT] Apple Archive Format for source code (aaf.unpacker) .ACU Applelink Conversion Utility (Shrinkit) .ARC ARC Archive (IBM ARC, GS Shrinkit, //e Angel or DeArc2E) .CPT Compactor Pro archive (Compactor Pro on a Mac only) .BSC [TEXT] BinScii file. (BinScii) .BSQ [TEXT] BinSCII'ed NuFX file. (BinScii--then Shrinkit) .BXY NuFX archive with a Binary II header. (Shrinkit) .BNY BLU archive. (Shrinkit) .BQY NuFX or Binary II with BLU header. (Shrinkit) .BNX NuFX with BLU header. (Shrinkit) .exe [TEXT] Executioner file. May only toil in DOS 3.3. contemplate above. NB: .EXE moreover means IBM executable program.. .GIF Graphics Interchange Format: Compressed picture. (IIGIF for //e, many programs for bar not anything other computers) .HQX [TEXT] Mac BinHex file. (BinHex on Mac or GSCII+ on GS) .JPG Newer graphics format. (only Unix/IBM/etc viewers) .JPEG Newer graphics format. (only Unix/IBM/etc viewers) .LZH LZH Archive (IBM/Amiga LZH program, //e Angel) .LHA LHA Archive (IBM/Amiga LZH program, //e Angel) .QQ BLU archive. (Shrinkit) .SEA Self-extracting archive (Might subsist Mac, Might subsist Shrinkit archive) .SIT Mac StuffIt archive. (Stuffit on Mac or GS ShrinkIt) GS Shrinkit will not decode StuffIt Deluxe files. .SHK NuFX archive. (Shrinkit) .SDK NuFX with a shrunk disk image. (Shrinkit) .tar Unix Tape Archive (Unix 'tar -xvf', GS EXE tar) .txt [TEXT] An ASCII text file: usually english text. .TIFF Graphics format (GS SHR Convert) .uu Unix uuencode file [TEXT] (//e uudecode, Unix uudecode) .ZOO IBM Zoo Archive (GS Shrinkit or IBM ZOO program, //e Angel) .ZIP IBM Zip Archive (GS EXE Unzip, IBM PKUNZIP, Unix unzip, //e Angel) .Z Compressed file (GS Shrinkit, Unix uncompress, //e Angel)
All of these types, except the ones marked [TEXT] are BINARY files. Binary files cannot subsist sent over e-mail, posted to the newsgroups or FTP'd in text mode. You must FTP them in binary mode (see the section on FTP). You can download either with kermit, X-,Y- or Z-Modem.
Generally, anything labeled as 'Archive' above will hold multiple files, and even subdirectories. Most archivers are moreover compressed the files to compose the gross smaller than the sum of it's parts. (only in computers ;)
Sometimes you will find multiple filename extensions. Simply Take the filename extensions apart one at a time and you should subsist able to reconstruct the original file. (i.e. somefile.bsq.tar.Z would mean: uncompress, untar, unbinscii, then unShrink to win the original file!)Q#13 How conclude I order what kind of file this is? 2/8/95
Here is a sample of what file formats peer like, in case you win stuck. View the file in an editor (or exercise the UNIX "head" command). Once you hold identified the file, contemplate the previous section (on filename extensions) for what to conclude next.
BinSCII: (.BSC, .BSQ)FiLeStArTfIlEsTaRt ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789() GBINSCII AQhmAAAAA8)4MIAI02DA9ARMQEDtAQhmAIVZ gYITA6u7xADA0MjM3YTNBlDOENkQwYURzITM2UDN5gzNDJUQGVERyEDM1QzM4cjN CFUOFR0QxAjR0MjM3YTNBlDOENkQwAQRzITM2UDN5gzNDJUQGVERyEDM1QzM4cjN
NuFX (Shrinkit Archive) (.SHK)NuFilei][![/#NuFX_<:c[[[ H`F-fGSCII~[ cRJ0)fNN^P)3'A2p6SF6X#GPd<9#'LC^08N7n\NB7Dd!eMN&eYX0Am=fXp dsPAsp7rh`I'NS0ALAfi2)2ysGEQ$k9CP%L9
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====================================================================== This FAQ is available on-line at apple2.archive.umich.edu (see FTP) CopyLeft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio. Non-profit distribution encouraged. Mail me at: email@example.com From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Dan DeMaggio) Newsgroups: comp.sys.apple2,news.answers,comp.answers Subject: comp.sys.apple2 - Frequently Asked Questions (and answers) fraction 2 of 2 Followup-To: comp.sys.apple2 Reply-To: email@example.com Summary: What you necessity to know about the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroups Approved: news-answers-request@MIT.Edu Archive-name: apple2/part2 Last-modified: 05 Dec 1994 Version: 4.25Q#14 What is an Apple II? 1/1/95 Q#15 The Apple I
The original Apple was not much more than a board. You had to supply your own keyboard, monitor and case. It sold for $666.66, but now they are worth much more as a collector's item.Q#16 The Apple ][ and Apple ][+
The computers that started the Apple II line. They hold the 6502, ability to conclude high and Low rez color graphics, sound, plus they hold 7 expansion slots to add peripherals. Surprisingly, the ][+ can rush some of today's software. For instance, I've rush Davex and FredWriter under ProDOS. You can even rush AppleWorks if you hold more than 128K and a program called PlusWorks.
Recommended configuration: 16K language card (in slot 0 with a ribbon cable running to the RAM), an 80-column video card (not the identical as a //e 80-column card), shift key modification (a wire running from shift key to game port), modified character ROMs to conclude lower case. You can add reminiscence in various ways, but programs that require 128K probably will not work, no matter how much RAM you have. You can moreover add accelerators like the Rocket/Zip.Q#17 The Apple //e
The //e comes in two flavors: Enhanced and Unenhanced. Apple makes an Enhancement kit that will upgrade an unenhanced to enhanced by replacing 4 chips (CPU [65C02], Video ROM [MouseText], and novel Monitor/Applesoft ROMs). Most current software require an Enhanced //e, and sometimes 128K too. The current operating system is ProDos (Version 2.0 or so). The Apple //e is still useful for three major reasons: 1) It runs AppleWorks, a simple to use, yet sophisticated Spreadsheet/Word Processor/Database. 2) There are many Apples in schools, so there is a ton of educational software for it. 3) It is was and will always subsist a _Personal_ computer. You can learn as minute or as much as you want, and nothing stops you from learning about every nook and cranny in it. inquire any big title programmer in MS/DOS or Mac where they erudite to program. Most of them taught themselves on a wonderful ol' Apple //. wonderful programs for an Apple //e: AppleWorks 4.0 (Spreadsheet/Word Processor/Database from character Computers), Copy ][+ (file utility from Central Point), ProTerm 3.0 (communications/terminal emulator from InSync), PrintShop (sign/card/banner printer from Broderbund).
Recommended configuration: Extended 80 Column card (gives you 128K) or RamWorks (512K to 1MB RAM). Enhancement kit if it was an Unenhanced //e. A arduous Drive is recommended if you exercise a lot of different programs. You can moreover speed it up with an accelerator (like the Rocket Chip, Zip Chip or TransWarp).Q#18 The Apple //C and IIC+
The //c and //c+ are 'luggable' versions of an Enhanced //e, with many built-in 'cards'. Included are 2 serial ports, a mouse port, a 3.5" disk port and 128K of RAM. The //C+ has a built-in accelerator that runs at 4 MHz. Even though they don't hold slots, you can still add extra reminiscence (there's latitude under the keyboard) and a arduous drive (through the disk port--a bit late by ordinary standards, but usable. (Hard to find though.. Was made by Chinook). The //c and //C+ rush just about everything that an Enhanced //e runs. The //C and //C+ cannot connect to an AppleTalk network.
Recommended configuration: 1 MB RAM, 3.5" drive, maybe a arduous drive.Q#19 The Laser 128EX
While not made by Apple, this clone is a cross between the //c and an Enhanced //e. It is as luggable as a //c and has built-in 'cards', and an accelerator. It moreover has a slot to expand. If you want to add a card, you may hold to disable the internal UDC (for 3.5" drives) or the internal 1MB reminiscence expansion. Runs almost everything that the //c and //e runs.Q#20 The Apple IIGS
The GS represents a giant leap in the Apple // line. It can still rush //e software, but has a better processor (16-bit), a novel super-hires graphics mode, a toolbox in ROM (just like the Mac) and a 32 oscillator Ensoniq sound chip. It can not only rush ProDos, but it can moreover rush GS/OS, a sophisticated operating system very much like the Macintosh's OS. The original GS ROM 00 (I deem they bar not anything hold the Woz signature) one or two chips upgraded to boot/run current software. The ROM 01 had 256K on the motherboard, while the ROM 03 has 1 MB. Although there were a few ROM changes, the current system software will toil patch the toolbox ROMs to peer identical.
Recommended configuration: 1.25 MB lets you boot up GS/OS and exercise most programs. With 2 MB, you will hold latitude for Desk Accessories. proceed for 4 MB if you want a RAM disk (useful if you don't hold a arduous drive) or conclude a lot of Graphics work. Adding a arduous drive is highly recommended. You can moreover speed it up with a TransWarp GS or Zip GS.Q#21 The Apple ][e Emulation Card
This is a card that fits in inescapable Macs that lets one rush Apple //e software. It is actually more like a //c because the card is not expandable like a //e. There is a state on the back of the card to plug in a UniDisk 5.25" and a joystick. Because the graphics are handled by the Mac, animation may subsist late if you don't hold a decent Mac.Q#22 Some Common Questions (with answers!) 2/8/95 Q#23 Info about A2's:
Q#24 What is 8 bit and 16 bit?
A: That indicates how big the chunks of data are that the CPU can manipulate. The Apple IIGS is a 16-bit machine and bar not anything previous Apple ]['s are 8-bit. This is one of the reasons you cannot rush GS software on a //e.
Q#25 How can I order what version my computer is?
A: Apple //e:
The major division is between the Enhanced and unenhanced models. peer at your computer while re-booting. If it says "APPLE ][", it is not enhanced. The enhanced computers will pronounce "Apple //e". You can upgrade it yourself by getting the Apple //e Enhancement kit. (It contains 4 chips to supersede on your motherboard.) Many newer programs will not toil unless you hold an Enhanced //e. The //c, //c+, GS, and Laser 128 incorporate these enhancements.
You can contemplate what version of the //e you hold by looking for the serial number on the motherboard (in the back, by the power-on led). If it is 820-0064-A, you may hold a motherboard that can't conclude double-hires. Serial #s like 820-0064-B or 820-0087-A are un-enhanced (without the kit). If you hold the grey Apple //e with the built-in keypad, then you moreover have: One 128K ROM IC replaced the two 64K Monitor ROM ICs (the CD and EF ROMs), Two 64Kx4 RAM ICs replaced the eight 64Kx1 RAM ICs, The single-wire shift-key mod, and an Extended 80-Column Card.
The Apple //e comes in two video standards: PAL (Australia, Europe, etc) and NTSC (USA, Japan?, etc.) If the AUX slot is on the side of the motherboard near the power supply, you hold an NTSC model, whereas if it is in line with slot 3, you hold a PAL model. (Thanks to Steve Leahy for this one) The PAL revisions are: [Thanks to Dave Wilson for this]week 26 1983: 820-0073-A (c) 1982 / B-607-0664 Colour killer switch soldered to vacant oscillator position on PCB. week 38 1983: 820-0073-B (c) 1982 / B-607-0264 Colour killer switch near RHS of PCB. bar not anything chips socketed. week 7 1985: 820-0073 (c) 1984 / B-607-0264 PCB marked for enhanced ROMs & 65c02 (may hold musty ROMs and 6502). RAM & some TTL soldered in. Layout identical as above.
There are 3 major versions of the GS: Check the initial power-up screen. It will pronounce ROM 01, ROM 03. If it does not pronounce either, you hold the Original (Woz Signature edition). You must upgrade it in order to rush current system software. The ROM 01 has 256K on the motherboard, while the ROM 03 has 1 MB on the motherboard. bar not anything the enhancements of the ROM 03 (except the 1MB, of course) can subsist added to the ROM 01 simply by booting up with current system software.
Go into Basic and nature "PRINT PEEK (64447)" and press return. If it says 255, you hold a very musty //c. contemplate your dealer about getting an upgrade (tell them that the Apple authorization number is ODL660). If it says 0, you can connect a 3.5" drive, but you don't hold the reminiscence expansion connector. If it says 3 You hold the reminiscence expansion. If it says 4, you hold the latest model of the //c. If it says 5, you hold a //c+.
Q#26 What programming languages are available for the Apple ][?
A: Larry W. Virden maintains The Apple II Programmer's Catalog of Languages and Toolkits. It's archived on several FTP sites. (The main one first)
ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/misc/textfiles/programming.languages.Q#27 Adding Hardware:
Q#28 Can the Apple II connect to SCSI devices?
A: Yes. contemplate the section on SCSI in this FAQ.
Q#29 Can I exercise Macintosh Monitors or 3.5" drives with my ][?
A: In general, no. Apple's 3.5" drive has logic to sense which machine it is hooked up to (Apple II or Macintosh) and it works accordingly. Most 3rd party drives don't bother to state in Apple II uphold in their drives. The Mac monitors cannot subsist used with the ][ line, not even the GS. Some may toil if you hook them up to a UDC instead of an Apple 3.5" card. musty style Mac 800k drives are very slow.
Q#30 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple //e?
A: Yes, bar not anything the above connections hold regular serial or parallel connections. The tricky fraction is getting them to conclude what you want. The DeskJet, for illustration will print very nice-looking text with regular musty "PR#1". But if you want to change the font or print graphics, you may hold to purchase some software. One excellent program for these types of printers is PublishIt 4. You won't believe the output you can win from a //e. For AppleWorks fans, there is the program called SuperPatch. Among it's patches is a frigid DeskJet 500 printer driver. You can print sideways, and change fonts with gardenvariety AppleWorks commands. The Deskjet driver is built in to AW 4.0.
Q#31 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple IIGS?
A: On the GS, you can hook up a LaserWriter via AppleTalk or direct serial connection. A GS program can typically print to a LaserWriter if it's connected to the GS via AppleTalk. If you win a DeskJet, or PaintJet, etc, you can hook them up via the serial port. But in order to exercise them effectively, you will want Harmony from Vitesse (better) or Independence (cheaper) from Seven Hills. They are novel printer drivers for GS/OS programs only. If you want to print from an 8-bit program, contemplate the previous question.
Q#32 Can I hook up a scanner up to my //e? Can it conclude OCR?
A: Yes and Yes. (OCR stands for Optical Character Recognition -- the ability to transmogrify a scan into text) Just pick up a Quickie scanner (by Vitesse) and InWords (by WestCode Software). You can scan 4" columns (you must hold 512K to 1 Meg) and can even paste them together to compose 8" scans. Then you can exercise InWords to "read" text and state it into a text file or AppleWorks Word Processor file.
Q#33 Can a Disk ][ subsist used on a GS smartport?
A: Yes. muster Jameco Electronics (Phone: 1-800-831-4242) S20 PIN HEADER TO DB19-PIN CONNECTOR MODULE ADAPTS II/II+ DRIVES FOR APPLE IIC. fraction NO: 10022 PRODUCT NO.: AAM APPLE IIC ADAPTER $3.95
Q#34 What's the scoop on the novel HD 3.5" drive?
A: In order to conclude high Density on the Apple //, you will necessity both the high Density 3.5" drive and the novel Apple 3.5" controller. If you don't hold both, you will only subsist able to conclude regular density. Of course, you will moreover necessity high Density Disks.
Once you hold collected the above items, you are in for a pleasant surprise. ProDos 8 programs not only recognize it, but most programs format and recognize HD disks just fine. You can even boot off of a HD disk, allowing plenty of latitude for GS/OS Desk Accessories and such.
There are a few drawbacks: You cannot boot copy-protected software or (or some FTA demos.) You can't daisy-chain a 5.25" of a HD card. Also, it takes up a slot, even on the GS.
Q#35 I want a Y-adapter for my GS keyboard.
A: Redmond Cable has an ADB Y-connector cable for separating your mouse from the side of your keyboard (also can subsist used to toil around a failing ADB port on the keyboard). contemplate the 'Resources' section of this FAQ.Q#36 File Transfer:
Q#37 How can I transfer stuff to/from an IBM/Mac?
A: Here's a summary: [Note that you can always conclude transfers by modem or Null Modem]
Q#38 File transfer: Apple //e ---> Macintosh
Q#39 File transfer: Apple //e <--- Macintosh
Q#42 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> Macintosh
Q#44 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> IBM
A: The CTI drive allows you to hook up IBM 3.5" and 5.25" disk drives (no high Density uphold yet) to your Apple II. [IBM drives are cheaper] Some software is included to read MS/DOS disks on your Apple. Otherwise, ProDos and GS/OS recognize them like gardenvariety drives. contemplate CTI's address in the resources section. moreover contemplate SSH systems in the resource section.
Q#47 How about hooking up cheap IDE arduous Drives?
A: There's a card called Turbo IDE, does DMA, is as hastily as a RamFAST SCSI card. Contact J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com for details like technical specs, pricing, and S/H procedure.
Q#48 How conclude I exercise stuff I hold transferred to/from an IBM/Mac?
A: In general, only inescapable types of files can subsist usefully transferred back-and-forth between computers. One thing that you CANNOT conclude is rush programs designed for another nature of computer. But often you can transfer data files between similar programs (Spreadsheets) on different platforms. Here are some pointers:
One helpful hint is that bar not anything computers can read text files. Most word processors can rescue your file as text and import as text. But with text files, you will lax bar not anything your formatting (font type, centering and so-forth). For spreadsheets, saving as DIF will compose conversion a breeze. Databases can subsist saved as tab-delimited records. (Note that in AppleWorks, you hold to proceed to Print to rescue in these formats). peer for options like "Import" or "Export" (or "Save As" in the Mac world).
If you want to conclude better, there are several options available. A commercial program called MacLinkPlus can conclude some conversions. Some Claris programs conclude conversions automatically. Also, AFE can transmogrify between some kinds of documents (For illustration AppleWorks Word Processor to MsWorks) if you hold the prerogative translator.
For IBM folk,The CrossWorks program can transmogrify between many Apple and IBM formats, and even comes with a universal null modem cable. Alternately, If you exercise AppleWorks a lot, you can win SuperWorks for the IBM, a clone of AppleWorks. It can import AppleWorks files directly. For graphics, SuperConvert can transmogrify between bar not anything Apple-specific graphics formats and many Mac, Amiga and IBM specific formats. It can moreover rescue as GIF, which is a universal standard.
You can moreover play Mac sounds resources (the sort you withhold in the system folder as alert sounds) with IISound.
Q#49 How conclude I win frigid Mac Icons and fonts onto my GS?
A: Find the program "Resource Spy"
Q#50 What programs are there for conversion of vivid images?
A: There are quite a few:
Q#51 I hold an musty CPM / PASCAL / DOS 3.3 disk. How conclude I win it into ProDos?
A: The //e system software, the DOS3.3 FST (GS/OS System 6), and Copy ][+ can bar not anything transmogrify Dos 3.3 files into ProDos. This is only helpful for text files, graphics, and some Basic programs. For ProDos, CPM, Pascal, Dos 3.3, try the program Chameleon. You hold to exercise the 'force disk as ProDOS' option to exercise your arduous drive.
Q#52 How conclude you copy from a 5.25" disk to 3.5" disk?
A: ProDos has no problems with this, as long as you copy by files. Note that ProDos can only hold 51 files in the main directory. If you try to exceed that, it will give you a cryptic 'Disk Full' error. If there really is space left on the disk, you can copy bar not anything the files into a subdirectory to win around the 51-file limit. In theory, you can state an unlimited number of files in a Subdirectory, but in practice, you should confine them to a few hundred.Q#53 different problems:
Q#54 How conclude I win out of Basic (that minute "]" prompt and flashing cursor?
A: nature the word "BYE" and press return. Now win out the Apple manual 'A feel of BASIC' and read it.
Q#55 What are the problems with GSCII?
A: GSCII is a worthy program, but has two subtle problems: First, it won't toil correctly if you extract to a HFS disk (so extract to a ProDOS disk). Also, it won't set the size correctly on S16 files. This should only subsist a problem when downloading Shrinkit GS. In that case, exercise BINSCII. The repose of the time you will subsist extracting .SHK files, which don't keeping about extra bytes at the end.
Q#56 AppleWorks won't print to my printer. What gives?
A: AppleWorks will reject to print to a slot that has a disk device. In the past, this worked well because if you try to print to a slot that has a disk controller in it, you will re-boot. But now, this can cause problems when a disk device is 'mapped' into your printer slot (due to a limitation in ProDos, you can only hold 2 drives per slot. Extra partitions on your arduous drive will subsist re-mapped to other slots). If you hold a RamFast, you can re-map the drives to different slots. Otherwise, (for AW 3.0) exercise this patch:POKE 768,128: POKE 769,10 BSAVE APLWORKS.SYSTEM,TSYS,A$300,L2,B$AE3
If you didn't understand that, e-mail me, or peer into John Link's SuperPatch program, which includes many more patches.
Q#57 My GS control panel keeps resetting to the defaults and/or forgetting the date.
A: It's probably your battery. If you hold a ROM 03 GS, you just pop it out an win another. On the ROM 01, you will necessity a Slide-On Battery Replacement Kit from Night Owl Productions. contemplate address in 'Resources' section.
Q#58 I'm getting error XXX. What's it mean?
A: Some common errors and their cause:ProDos Errors: UNABLE TO LOAD PRODOS - You can't boot a disk unless it has ProDos and a something.SYSTEM file on it (Pre-1.9 ProDOS) $27 I/O Error. Possibly a spoiled disk? Verify it with Prosel or Copy II Plus $44 Path not institute (You gave an invalid directory name) $45 Volume not institute (you didn't nature in the prerogative disk name) $46 File not institute (you didn't nature a cogent filename) GS/OS errors: 0911 Either your GS is overheating, or the ADB port is having problems 0301 spoiled TransWarp 0308 contemplate 8021 8020 Either random TransWarp, or SCSI (try using different SCSI connector) 8021 If you win this at random times and you hold a HS Apple SCSI, it's probably a version conflict. Install the SCSI drivers from your GS/OS disk, not your HS Apple SCSI disk.
Q#59 Why does my Apple II lose characters when I'm using the modem?
A: Check the following: 1) Your software may necessity interrupts enabled. Examine douse Switch 2-6 on your Super Serial Card. 2) If you hold an unenhanced //e, you necessity to enhance your //e. 3) If you hold a //c, it may subsist one of the ones that had a serial port problem. Talk to your dealer about upgrading it for 2400 baud support.
Q#60 Where conclude I win uphold for AE boards now that they are closed?
A: Bruce BABB, ex-AE bench tech, is offering uphold out of his home for customer uphold of AE's boards. He moreover hints that another company is opening that will sell many of the Apple II products the AE made. You can reach Bruce via Email at firstname.lastname@example.org
Q#61 Is there a QWK reader for the Apple //e?
A: Yes, it's called 2qwk!. To exercise 2qwk! you must patch prodos to allow filenames sent by MS-DOS machines. The beta version is available now on grind and caltech.Q#62 System 6.0 mini-FAQ Q#63 Common Problems
Some programs are incompatible with CloseView. Symptoms are the mouse wipes out everything it moves over. Remove CloseView or inactivate it in the system folder. May still cause troubles if active, but set to 'off'. contemplate GS Technote #91.
EasyAccess is moreover incompatible with some applications, (especially on ROM 01). Symptoms are a locked keyboard, and not being able to reboot. Remove it or compose it inactive.
Missing features of system 6? Perhaps you just used effortless install, which doesn't install bar not anything the bells and whistles. Try clicking on customize and add the nifty things like Calculator, Find File, HFS FST, etc. You can moreover read the Shortcuts file on SystemTools2 for some worthy keyboard shortcuts.
Finder icons that match by title and hold a leading wildcard require uppercase letters. For example, a title like "[star].txt" never matches, but "[star].TXT" works fine (it matches regardless of a file's actual capitalization). (This was accidental; the 5.0.4 Finder did not keeping about capitalization in icon files.)
Two misconceptions about System 6: The A2.RAMCARD is not for the GS's /RAM5. It only works with "slinky" (i.e. standard slot) cards. Also, the DOS 3.3 FST has nothing to conclude with MS-DOS.Q#64 Tips & Hints
The AppleShare logon programs hold always looked for a folder named "Mail" inside your user folder whenever you log onto a user volume. If there's any items in there, they present a dialog that says "You hold mail." Under SSW 6.0, that moreover sends a SysBeep2 request so you can win the sound of your choice.
If you don't want to contemplate your icons on boot, set bit 1 (i.e. the 2nd LSB) of BRAM Location $5F. subsist positive not to mess with the other bits. exercise the toolbox calls!
The FinderExtras folder goes in the identical folder as the Finder (generally the System folder).
If you don't like yellow folders in the Finder you can change the byte at offset +65 in the Finder resource with nature $C001 and ID 1. Change the $E0 to whatever you want (the first digit is the default folder foreground color, and the low nibble is for the profile color). Only folders that conclude not already hold a color recorded in a Finder.Data file win the default color.Q#65 If you hold a RamFast
The RamFast and ProDos 2.0.1 both try to conclude re-mapping of drives to unused slots. This can cause problems, mostly when launching and returning from ProDos 8 applications (crashes or wants you to insert disk). Solution: Configure the RamFast not to re-map. If you hold a RamFAST with a ROM revision less than 2.01a, you necessity to win a newer ROM from CVT. Otherwise, V2.01c allows setting Slot Priority Allocations to 0 which will let ProDos deal with them. V3.0 allows you to pick between RamFast mapping (works now) and ProDos 8 mapping. If you can't wait, you can Patch ProDos 2.0 not to re-map slots. peer for "10 BF C9 A5 D0 07" and change the $A5 to $00 (should subsist byte $1A3 in the 5th screen of the file). Hack at your own risk.Q#66 If you hold a Vulcan or AE high Density disk
Due to problems with the Vulcan, when booting, it asks for your System Disk. Just state the Vulcan driver on your boot disk, boot it, and then launch the installer. Alternately, state the driver on the installer disk and boot it. (but you hold to delete some of the installer scripts first) For the AE high Density Drive, subsist positive to remove Apple's 3.5" driver when putting on AE's.Q#67 If you hold ProSel
Rename start to something else before running the installer, or else the Finder won't subsist installed. Believe me, you don't want to miss out on Finder 6.0!Q#68 If you hold an AMR 3.5"
If the computer hangs (mostly at the standard File dialogue box) with no disk in the drive, try putting one in. What's happening is that GS is reading the status from the drive, and the drive won't revert anything unless there is a disk in the drive. Just stick a disk in and bar not anything will subsist fine. If it really annoys you, either deactivate the 3.5" driver (get IR so you can double-click to re-activate it) or simply withhold a disk in the drive at bar not anything times. This is not a problem under ProDos 8.Q#69 GSCII+ & HFS Note
There is a problem with the HFS FST, but only GSCII seems to subsist affected. When de-binscii-ing files, state the output onto a ProDos volume, not an HFS one.
[ Mega-thanks to Dave Lyons & friends for these. ]Q#70 What to conclude with an Apple ][? 2/8/95
Q#71 What can you hook up to an Apple ][?
A: arduous Drives, Scanners, Video Digitizers, Laser Printers, Video Overlay Cards, Tape backups, Inkjet Printers, 24 pin Dot Matrix Printers, EPROM Burners, AppleTalk Networks, high Density 3.5" drives, serial cards, parallel cards, audio Digitizers, CP/M boards (Z-80 processor), an IBM-on-a-card, 9600 baud modems, D/A and A/D cards, joysticks, mice, graphics tablets, feel screens, extended keyboards, track balls, several Megabytes of RAM, Real-time clocks, (cheap) IBM disk drives and of course, Users!
This list is by no means exhaustive: This is just what I personally hold done. bar not anything of it is available NOW, and can subsist done on any Apple //e. In the very near future, you will subsist able to hook up:
EitherTalk Networks, DSP boards, and cheap FAX modems.
Q#72 What can you conclude with an Apple ][?
A: As if the above weren't impressive, how about: Optical Character recognition, Desktop publishing, Integrated Spread sheet, Database and Word Processing, Interactive fiction adventure games, Arcade character games, Educational games, Programming, Telecommunications, Inventory, Accounting, Money Management, and that's not even scratching the surface.
Q#73 What can the //e can "borrow" from other computers?
A: GS bitmapped fonts, Mac Disks, MacPaint pictures, GIF pictures, just about any Mac/PC SCSI device (Hard Drives, Tape backup), Mac sounds with IISound (sounds are stored in the resource fork), many archive formats (like uudecode), any serial device (EPROM burners, FAX modems, mega-fast modems w/ MNP5), etc.
Q#74 What can the GS can "borrow" from other computers?
A: Mac bitmapped fonts, Mac Icons, Mac and Windows TrueType fonts, Mac Disks, Amiga Mod songs, MacPaint pictures, MacWrite documents, GIF pictures, WordPerfect documents, just about any Mac SCSI or ADB device (including arduous Drives, Pen Mice, etc), Mac sounds, Many archive formats (.uu, .zip, .arc, .sit, .hqx, etc), any serial device (EPROM burners, FAX modems, mega- hastily modems w/hardware MNP-5), IDE arduous drives (check out a card called "Turbo IDE". Mail J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com for details)
If you are interested in doing any of the above, feel free to e-mail me (email@example.com). Someday, maybe I'll fill in the specific software or hardware you necessity to conclude any of the above. If you hold any additions, let me know too!Q#75 Resources for the Apple II 2/8/95
Listed below are some places to win information about the Apple II. You should moreover try your local user group (and the user group library), friends, relatives, library, school, FTP sites, books, and etc. One wonderful engage is "The gross Internet Users lead & Catalog" by Ed Kroll, published by O'Reilly & Associates Inc.Q#76 Apple II Groups
You can become an associate in the Apple Developer Program for $350 (for Mac and Apple II) or a mere $150 (for Apple II only) by calling 1-408-974-4897. That gets you Develop magazine, Apple Technical notes, the Apple Developer CD, discounts on Apple products, and more! If you want to license Apple Software for distribution with your product you can win information by calling 1-408-974-4667. (Note: You necessity a license to dole Apple System Software, including ProDOS, and the Installer.)
USUS (Keith Frederick (Secretary), P.O. Box 1148, La Jolla, CA 92038) is an international non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and influencing software standards to aid in the evolution of portable software. They hold a big software library including a lot of source code (for almost every language or computer).
NAUG, the National AppleWorks Users Group (313-454-1115, 313-454-1965 FAX, 615-359-8238 BBS) is a group devoted to that marvel program, AppleWorks.Q#77 Getting Parts & Software
Redmond cable (206-882-2009) makes and sells bar not anything sorts of custom cables.
Quality Computers (800-777-ENHAnce or 313-774-7200, 313-774-7740 Tech Support, 313-774-2698 FAX) not only sells Apple II products, but maintains a list of user groups and publishes an informative newsletter geared towards educators (called Enhance). They moreover published AppleWorks 4.0! To win a QC catalog and a free subscription to Enhance, just call! Contact QC (on GEnie), QualityCom (on AOL) or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Alltech (800-995-7773 orders, 619-721-2823 FAX, 619-721-7733 Technical Support/inquiries) sells bar not anything kinds of replacement parts for Apple II's. They are moreover pretty knowledgeable about the II. and inquiries)
Sun Remarketing (800-821-3221) moreover sells used Apples parts and books.
Parkhurst Micro Products (510-837-9098) sells ANSITerm, a GS-only communications program that supports X/Y/Z-Modem (plus variants), Kermit, VT-100, Color ANSI, and offers features like a text editor, a big scrollback buffer, and macros.
Sequential Systems (800-759-4549 or 303-666-4549,800-999-1717 tech, 303-666-7797 BBS) announced software for the GS that will let you exercise many (but not all) CD-ROMs. Audio, still Pictures and searching text are supported. Contact SEQUENTIAL@genie.geis.com
The big Red Computer Club, (402-379-4680) or BRCC, (formerly the big Red Apple Club, sells bar not anything kinds of wonderful software that you can't win anywhere else. (including discontinued games, etc.)
Chuck Orem (PO Box 1014, Benton City, WA, 99320-1014 USA) distributes a 5.25" disk with a terminal program (Comm.System 2.5), Shrinkit 3.4, BinSCII 1.0.3, UU 1.1, Sneeze 2.2 and UnShrink 2.1 in ready to rush format. moreover included are bar not anything the docs for the above programs, plus Zlink (in archived format). The disk is distributed for $2, to cover postage and materials. Contact Chuck for more information at: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
Digisoft (email@example.com) has a CD called Golden Orchard that is plenary of Apple II-specific programs. 18MB is accessable from 8-bit //e's, the repose is in HFS partitions that can subsist accessed with GS/OS System 6. Cost is around $60.
Edlie Electronics (800-645-4722 or 516-735-3330) is selling "The ProDOS User's Kit". It seems to subsist your basic ProDOS operating system and a manual. I doubt that it's a current version, but it's worth a peer if you necessity ProDOS on 5.25". Heck, for $1.95, you can't proceed wrong. [there is a minimum order, and I hold never tried it... Let me know if you try it.]
Washington Apple Pi (301-681-6136, 301-593-0024 BBS [7 bits, odd parity]) has an extremely dynamic Apple /// Special Interest Group. They hold 250 PD disks and hold funded a novel revision of the OS. Contact Dave Ottalini at 72457.2401@Compuserve.com
Educational Resources (800-624-2926) sells educational programs for the II.
MECC (800-685-MECC) is a well-known educational software shop.
The Cynosure BBS (410-549-2584 Settings: 8 data bits, No parity 1 desist bit, up to 14400 bps) has a license to dole system Apple software (ProDos and GS/OS). Contact Doug Granzow at firstname.lastname@example.org
You can moreover win system software off of Apple Computer's FTP site. It is maintained by DTS in their spare time. Thanks guys!
The Apple User Group Connection (800-538-9696 ext 500) can order you the closest Apple II (or Macintosh) User Group. (Check character Computers too..)
Resource-Central (913-469-6502, FAX: 913-469-6507) publishes an 8-page monthly newsletter. It's diminutive but packed with information. It has technical discussions and philosophical discussions. It is moreover available on disk, with many PD/SW programs each month. Resource Central moreover publishes many monthly disks, including ones for HyperStudio users, TimeOut users, HyperCard users, and probably others. bar not anything are on 3.5" disk only. They moreover hold taken over APDA's job of keeping the latest and greatest from Apple and some 3rd party vendors. They hold programming tools and manuals not available anywhere else (like the Video Overlay Card evolution kit, utensil 35/SynthLab docs, etc). Contact A2-CENTRAL, UNCLE-DOS, or DENNIS.DOMS on GEnie.Q#78 Fun hardware add-ons
SSH Systems (Write to: SHH SYSTEME, Dipl. Ing. Joachim Lange, Bergstrasse 95, 82131 Stockdorf, Germany) is selling a card for your Apple that will allow you to exercise cheap IBM drives for storage. price is around $100. Contact J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com.
Night Owl (913-362-9898) makes a slide-on battery for ROM 01 GS's. You necessity a replacement if the time and system settings proceed back to their defaults whenever you whirl the computer off.
Conversion Technology (801-364-4171) sells a drive that allows you to hook up cheap IBM 3.5" and 5.25" disk drives to you Apple II.
Silicon Systems (714-731-7110) makes that 22 pin douse DTMF decoder chip that Apple-Cat modem owners are always looking for. fraction #: SSI 75T201 - Integrated DTMF Receiver.Q#79 Periodicals & Books
Quality Computers and Resource Central (previously mentioned above) moreover publish periodicals.)
Shareware Solutions II (166 Alpine Street, San Rafael, CA 94901) is a novel Apple II magazine with the latest scoops, written by long time Apple II writer Joe Kohn. Mail email@example.com for details. You can moreover finger him, or check out his WWW homepage (see FTP).
Adam Barr (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Cindy territory (former InCider/A+ editor) are starting a novel Apple II newsletter, only this one is only available via e-mail.
GS+ Magazine (800-662-3634 orders, or 615-843-3988 or 913-469-6507 FAX) is published bi-monthly, as a magazine and as an accompanying disk. They are a worthy source for unique programs, which are not available anywhere else. They moreover hold reviews of novel software. Of course, it's GS specific. Contact: GSPlusDiz (on AOL orDelphi), JWANKERL (on GEnie), or email@example.com.
Hyperstudio Network (609-446-3196) is a quarterly newsletter about HyperStudio. They state out an annual 'Best of HyperStudio' disk of stacks, and hold discounts on HyperStudio accessories. They even conclude some teacher-oriented stuff.
Computist (P.O. Box 110846, Tacoma, WA 98411) is a publication devoted to gathering and distributing information on removing copy protection from Apple II software.
Softdisk and Softdisk GS (800-831-2694 or 318-221-8718) are monthly disk magazines containing a variety of software (PD/SW, clip art, reviews, etc). Softdisk is available on 5.25" or 3.5" disks. Softdisk GS is available only on 3.5" disks. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org.Q#80 Misc Resources
If you necessity a IIc upgrade, it should subsist free. Try a few Apple dealers or muster Apple to quest help. The number is 1-800-767-2775 (SOS-APPL).
Sequential Systems (1-800-759-4549 customer service 1-800-999-1717 technical support) hold taken over CVTech's products.
Larry Beyer (312-735-9010) likes to fix InnerDrive arduous drives.
Apple has a toll-free customer assistance line for handling sales questions and user concerns. This toll-free line is not designed to subsist a technical uphold hotline, but instead is an extension to the comprehensive Apple customer relations effort. The Customer Assistance heart is open Monday through Friday from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m. Pacific time by dialing 1-800-776-2333.
A novel ShareWare-Fee payment service has been established for info, write to:Some Assembly Required email@example.com OR 1132 Adelaide St. N. #719 firstname.lastname@example.org London, Ontario N5Y 2N8 Canada
Email suggestions to email@example.com. As always, let me know of any mistakes, updates, corrections, additions, etc.Q#81 universal guidelines on How To Troubleshoot Q#82 universal troubleshooting
SCSI is a protocol (kind of like serial or parallel) that lets you hook up several devices (up to 8) on a SCSI bus (a bus is just a train of wires). You must give each device it's own unique ID number from 0-7. The SCSI card is usually set to 7. There are two types of SCSI cables: the 50 pin Centronics-type (like on parallel printers) or the 25-pin "D" connector. The 50-pin is the SCSI standard, the 25-pin is the Apple standard. On a SCSI chain, there must subsist a Terminator at each end. A Terminator is just a bunch of resistors. Some drives hold internal terminators (3 diminutive yellow-orange packs), and some drives Come with an external terminator (a "plug" to state on the back of the drive). Also, somebody on the bus must supply terminator power (one of the SCSI lines). If There are any problems (multiple things with the identical ID, too much termination or not enough, or no terminator power), you may subsist able to exercise the drive, but your data will win corrupted. Most of the time, the computer will reject to recognize the drive.
At first, there was the Apple Rev 'C' SCSI card (named after the final ROM version--all previous versions MUST subsist upgraded to toil with current software). There were several clones from the likes of CMS and Chinook. Then Apple came out with it's high speed DMA SCSI card. This has the ability to conclude Direct reminiscence Access to the RAM in your computer, which speeds things up. This created a lot of problems with cards that were not DMA compatible. CV Technologies moreover has a DMA SCSI card called the RamFast. This card has 256K or 1MB of on-board RAM to compose it even faster than Apple's card. It can moreover supply terminator power if you drive does not supply it. Both of the novel cards uphold things like SCSI tape backup units, removable SCSI drives, SCSI CD-ROM, and of course SCSI arduous drives. Both the novel cards moreover require an Enhanced //e.Q#86 Tips on setting up a SCSI system:
CopyLeft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio (firstname.lastname@example.org)
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