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Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of body of workers, Gen. Martin E. Dempsey, in his Mission Command White Paper, dated April 3, 2012, says, "Mission command must live institutionalized and operationalized into utter elements of the joint force--our doctrine, their education, their practising and their manpower and personnel method." during this observation, Gen. Dempsey describes a tradition shift for mission command, and Forces Command (FORSCOM) is utterly embracing the shift throughout utter of its warfighting functions.
The sustainment mission command capability (SMCC) conception is FORSCOM's response to Gen. Dempsey's order. It creates a cohesive synergy amongst modular forces and objectives global combatant commander wants. SMCC allows sustainment operations from domestic station now not best to fulfill validated requirements but likewise to enlarge readiness and enhance mission command.
A 2011 RAND spy at describes how, in 2003, the military tailored its formations according to current battle and rising challenges, leading to a significant shift in structure and how the military wages warfare. in utter probability essentially the most influential alternate concerned transitioning from a division-centric constrain right into a brigade-centric force--an conception that has become known as modularity. beneath this thought, key components and capabilities that as soon as resided inside divisions were made organic to brigade fight teams.
Modularity decreased the forms of combat brigades from 17 to a few (infantry, Stryker, and armor). The stream provided the army with a better number of smaller, very in a position drive programs, making it easier to maintain the protracted operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. combat assist and combat carrier guide devices and drive structure had been likewise redesigned to originate the entire constrain extra modular. (See determine 1.)
Opinions on modularity range; however, few would content that it does not promote agility and responsiveness. unfortunately, each change is met with a supply and acquire approach, and the identical qualities of modularity that promote agility and responsiveness can additionally cause sustainment gaps.
Modularity, mixed with a combatant commander exact for smaller modular enablers, created the unintended final result of shifting routine relationships. It additionally created management, mentorship, and working towards oversight gaps throughout the sustainment group. The conclusion of operations in Iraq and the upcoming Afghanistan finale are atmosphere the stage for yet one other era of evolutionary sustainment alternate.
emerging OPERATIONAL environment
transferring from an operational environment of unconstrained substances to a more deliberate demand-primarily based ambiance necessitates an organizational shift to engaging in what concerns with much less and accentuates a necessity for bear faith and solidarity of effort.
one more tricky dynamic of modularity involves supported-to-supporting command relation-ships. transferring from deliver aspect to distribution-based mostly operations prolonged the commander's operational achieve and features of communications. through modularity, brigade fight teams received a tough sustainment posture over property prior to now at echelons above brigade. Distribution and water belongings in the past residing normally aid battalion or corps assist battalion were placed ahead in the brigade guide battalion and forward befriend companies.
because the army refines, adjusts, and adapts its formations to optimize readiness, they must determine their integrated sustainment strategy to maximise utter elements of logistics capability and skill. A cohesion of trouble in a time of diminishing supplies is essential to resolving gaps.
FORSCOM's 2013 Expenditure discount counsel for Fiscal Uncertainty, coupled with the manager of body of workers of the army's (CSA's) intent to carry strategic land vigour in an unclear world, compels commanders to disburse accurately and enlarge practicing plans that align supplies with frequent readiness necessities. however, FORSCOM's favored conclusion condition continues to live the equal: deliver expert and equipped forces in befriend of combatant commanders and the protection method.
The 2012 Vice Chief of personnel of the army crusade on Property Accountability (COPA) illustrated that the demands of warfare, modernization, and modularization introduced $200 billion price of device to the military stock via speedy machine fielding, speedy fielding initiative, theater-offered device, and left-in the back of machine.
COPA addresses one of the vital "symptoms" of a brace of overwhelming readiness challenges. beneath are just a few ideas that COPA gives to cure those symptoms:
• Invigorate a culture of stewardship.• remedy property statistics.• deliver troopers with the right odds and tools.• Standardize and streamline coverage.• Standardize processes for acquiring property and organising property facts.
MISSION COMMAND INTEGRATION
the key to sustainment solidarity of trouble and dependence in this emerging operational ambiance is successful mission command integration. The purpose of every a success group or indispensable organization is to strike the remedy stability between centralized control and decentralized execution. under a unique logistics mission command, aid administration is optimized throughout the effective and effective utility of leadership and authority.
Leaders in both Iraq and Afghanistan struggled with this at first, however they carried out constructive resource management once expeditionary sustainment commands (ESCs) arrived to combine distribution, sustainment formations, and world deliver chains. here's effortless to achieve in case you bear regional responsibility. despite the fact, FORSCOM continental u.s. (CONUS) command relationships achieve not lend themselves to the mission command framework present in a deployed geographic combatant commander's vicinity.
LSOC AND SOC
In 2010, FORSCOM launched an up to date execute order (EXORD) about leveraging sustainment groups in CONUS (LSOC). This EXORD initiated an conception that stemmed from the two CONUS-based mostly ESCs. The LSOC thought turned into permitted on Sep. 8, 2010.
LSOC can provide the ESCs coordinating authority on and off their respective installations. through LSOC, the senior logistician provides point of view from instructions scholarly both on the battlefield and at domestic station. It become later determined that sustainment tips can live greater employed on an installation. That resolution resulted in the creation of the sustainment operations heart (SOC) in April 2012.
whereas LSOC addresses the "paintings aspect" (sustainment coaching, educating, and mentoring) of sustainment, the SOC addresses the "science facet" (materiel administration and asset or personnel go-leveling). The SOC is an LSOC subcomponent and explanations no enlarge to the military and minimal infrastructure adjustments. FORSCOM's SOC targets, in partnership with different instructions (the army Materiel Command, setting up management Command, working towards and doctrine Command, and defense Logistics agency) are to:
• allow and raise senior commanders' working towards and readiness authorities.• supply centralized materiel management.• Leverage multiechelon sustainment capabilities.• Replicate operational sustainment during garrison employment.
because numerous boards, bureaus, facilities, cells, and working groups collaborate or synchronize back to give a holistic sustainment response, it is standard for the senior commander to bear a unified sustainment view. FORSCOM more desirable the senior commanders' potential to mitigate sustainment gaps by leveraging latest installation logistics aid plans and constructing continuity of sustainment operations.
the longer term transition to army 2020, locally-aligned constrain necessities, the fielding of global fight assist gadget-army, the Afghanistan retrograde mission, and enabling military readiness utter require the consistent and consolidated visibility of senior commander sustainment services. greater importantly, they require a fusion of box- and sustainment-level partners to maximise effectiveness.
In December 2012, FORSCOM released an EXORD that extended the present SOC conception to the SMCC in an trouble to align with army doctrine publication (ADP) 6-0, Mission Command, during which the commander is the primary determine.
in keeping with ADP 6-0, SMCC is guided by means of right here ideas:
• build cohesive groups via mutual bear faith.• Create shared understanding.• give a transparent commander's intent.• pastime disciplined initiative.• exhaust mission orders.• accept prudent possibility.
As outlined within the priorities of the CSA and FORSCOM commanding common, the SMCC concept capitalizes on box observations, insights, and training scholarly relating sustainment enabler integration, enhanced leader building, collective training, and readiness monitoring via synergy and collaboration. SMCC additionally capitalizes on relationships in addition to design and manner efficiencies so as to ensure team spirit of effort, bear faith, and future logistics success.
one of the crucial FORSCOM commanding usual's priorities changed into to "increase communique--inside and external," and the SMCC achieves this goal through a consolidated sustainment community of capability. verbal exchange in the installing sustainment neighborhood should still live through the senior commander's exact sustainment focal factor to synchronize sustainment operations. FORSCOM's focal point for execution is the sustainment brigade with oversight from the deputy commanding universal (help) and the LSOC-aligned ESC.
As stated in ADP 6-0, collaboration is required to establish human connections, build bear faith, and create and preserve shared knowing and intention. Shared understanding and demur profile the basis for cohesion of trouble and trust.
The military practicing vision states that commanders should stability existing operational missions while simultaneously preparing forces to answer future requirements. FORSCOM captures this vision through the following goals:
• deliver centralized materiel management.• enable and raise senior commander working towards and readiness authorities.• Leverage multiechelon sustainment capabilities.• Replicate operational sustainment during garrison employment.
FORSCOM's SMCC embodies the concepts and ideas of Joint engage three-0, Joint Operations, and ADP 6-0. in keeping with ADP 3-0, Unified Land Operations, SMCC is the commander's recreation of authority and route using mission orders to allow disciplined initiative in the commander's intent to empower agile and adaptive leaders. Key SMCC ideas encompass commander's intent, mission-classification orders, and decentralized execution.
FORSCOM's SMCC is the senior commander's mechanism to execute his aid mission. not always tied to a arduous or structure, it holistically describes the skill to synchronize, coordinate, resource, and execute sustainment operations and practicing within the sustainment commander's span of impact. SMCC's enabling equipment, belongings, corporations, and personnel involve the following:
• The deputy commanding accepted (guide).• Mission guide ingredient and mission aid command logistics officers.• The ESC.• The sustainment brigade.• Logisticians in brigades and guide battalions.• befriend contraptions (together with scientific, finance, human substances, and signal).• Garrison help.
Strategic and operational enablers (the defense Logistics company, U.S. Transportation Command, army Materiel Command, working towards and doctrine Command, network commercial enterprise know-how Command, Intelligence and safety Command, and installing management Command).
below SMCC, FORSCOM ESCs will provide locality support. The ESCs will supply sustainment achieve back capabilities to FORSCOM senior commanders and provide senior sustainment mentorship, practicing, and materiel management. The ESCs will additionally play a pivotal role in supporting senior commander domestically aligned forces necessities, and FORSCOM is reestablishing ESC CONUS relationships and roles.
one other SMCC key output is solidarity of trouble via sustainment fusion. It ensures sustainment requirements are nested with operations, and it's standard to command and staff integration. Sustainment fusion ensures continuous requirement assessment at every degree of command.
Aligned with ADP 6-0, the concepts of SMCC befriend commanders and team of workers in balancing the paintings of command with the science of handle. SMCC is enabled by means of a device of personnel, networks, tips programs, procedures and strategies, facilities, and device. The desired conclusion condition contains settling on probably the most constructive skill for getting the supported commander what he wants, when he needs it, and where he needs it.
FORSCOM logisticians are aggressively working via SMCCs, producing more advantageous efficiencies and constructive outcomes in the army's supply chain. through constructing a network of networks that's collectively supporting, FORSCOM installing SMCCs are meeting the army's 2017 auditability aim and constrict discount through changing contracts with troop labor.
FORSCOM's SMCC assists commanders at utter tiers in organising and overseeing resource manage measures such as the administration evaluation file, commanders' exception document, and monthly materiel evaluate sessions (logistics readiness studies).
Working with nearby true-time records presents logisticians a tremendous talents. The CSA's marching orders direct us to "instruct as they fight--make it useful and challenging," and FORSCOM's SMCC permits the sustainment formations to originate exhaust of each day synchronization as a training chance.
As stated in FORSCOM's 2013 Optimizing Readiness EXORD, they should reconcile via improving efficiency and effectiveness. As budgets constrict, leaders will live introduced with knotty decisions. but they likewise can bear an unparalleled probability to salvage rid of inefficiencies, enhance tactics, and focal point formations extra sharply on their missions. The problem is not chopping spending but optimizing readiness to ensure a tremendously competent drive.
FORSCOM's mission is to deliver informed, capable forces to meet combatant commander requirements. FORSCOM's SMCC leverages multiechelon box sustainment services, enabling FORSCOM senior commanders to deliver fitted and sustained forces so as to continue to live globally responsive and locally engaged. without question, SMCCs present a logistics evolution, provide the sustainment spine for the military's regionally aligned forces, and facilitate uncompromised readiness for the decisive motion drive.
________________________________________________________________________________________________Maj. Gen. Jack O'Connor is commander of the 21st Theater Sustainment Command. He has bachelor's degree in company administration, a grasp's degree in logistics management, and a master's diploma is strategic stories. he's a graduate of the Transportation Officer primary and superior courses, the Logistics government edifice direction, the military Command and established personnel college, the militia group of workers faculty, and the military struggle college
Maj. Sean D. Smith works for the Forces Command G-4. He holds a bachelor's degree in psychology and a master's diploma in business.________________________________________________________________________________________________This article became posted within the July-September 2013 theme of military Sustainment journal.
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By Michele LernerMarch 15, 2018
Home buyers across the country are scrambling for properties, and existent estate professionals are begging for more houses to live built to respond the tall demand.
Under these conditions, you might suspect that developers would live more inclined to build a house even before a buyer has purchased it.
Indeed, some builders bear increased their production of “speculative” or “spec” houses, which are fully or partially built without a purchase constrict in place. Still, that’s not the case with others — the strategy around spec houses varies according to market conditions and builder preferences.
“A few years ago, it was too risky for builders to build spec houses, but right now, builders are extremely bullish on the housing market,” says Tim Costello, founder and chief executive of Builder Homesite Inc., the parent company of Builders Digital tang and NewHomeSource.com, a builder-marketing commerce based in Austin. “They’re selling everything they can build and making lots of money, so their risk profile has changed.”
In different market cycles, spec homes — which are sometimes labeled “immediate delivery,” “move-in ready” or “immediate occupancy” houses — can live a visitation on builders if they languish on the market, because they’ve paid to construct the house and continue to pay financing costs and utilities. When builders are avid to sell a spec house, buyers occasionally salvage a bargain.
But in today’s Hot housing market, this is rarely the case, with most houses selling fast.
“Right now, we’re seeing most of the builders in their locality edifice houses as rapid as the lots are developed,” said Lind Goodman, a sales manager for BSI Builder Services, a division of the Allen Tate Co. in Charlotte. “Resale inventory is so low, and builders can’t build houses as rapid as they are selling, particularly at the lower-end prices.”
Why buyers purchase specs
Home buyers in a rush to trudge are the most likely candidates for a spec house, but sometimes spec buyers are simply tired of competing for limited resale houses in their area.
“Buyers who select spec houses today are usually doing this because of timing,” Goodman said. “Sometimes they are relocating and want to trudge to their permanent home right away. Sometimes people set aside their house on the market, and it sells faster than they expected. They only want to trudge once rather than trudge into temporary housing while they wait for a house to live built.”
Although choosing personalized features is a enjoyment for many buyers of new construction, Goodman said: “Lots of people enjoy not having to pick everything, and they’re tickled to trudge with the choices the builder has made for their house. They’re still getting a new house, and typically it has the most common upgrades for that price and neighborhood.”
Regina and Ted Solomon and their three children, ages 10, 13 and 15, recently moved into a spec house at Meadowbrook Farm in Leesburg that was built by Van Metre Homes. They opted for a spec house because of its lot and location within the community. The Solomons, who’d already lived in the area, looked at resale houses two years ago and hadn’t create anything they liked. This time, Regina Solomon create a house when they weren’t seriously looking.
“I popped into Meadowbrook Farm on a whim and was immediately attracted to the house, and especially the lot, which is next to a common locality where the kids can play,” Regina Solomon said. “If the house hadn’t been ready, I might not bear been as willing to originate a quick decision.”
She said she saw the house on a Tuesday, brought her family and bought it the following Saturday.
“The house just matched everything they wanted,” she said. “They did a worthy job putting in the finishes I would bear chosen anyway. I actually deem they chose a higher quality of items than I might bear picked if I had to sit and select everything with a price list in front of me.”LEESBURG, VA - MARCH 13: The Solomon's clockwise from lower left, Regina, Ted, Brady, 13, Ella, 15, Luke, 10 and their dog, Cooper, fell in cherish with the spec home immediately and would not bear changed a thing as they pose on their front steps March 13, 2017 in Leesburg, VA. Van Metre has built several spec homes at the Meadowbrook development. (Katherine Frey/The Washington Post)
Why builders are for or against specs
Van Metre Homes, a Northern Virginia builder, has increased the number of spec houses it builds in response to the captious exigency for houses in Loudoun and Fairfax counties, said Brian Davidson, group president for the firm’s new homes division in Broadlands, Va.
“Building more spec homes allows us to achieve people who would live looking at resales because they want to trudge quickly rather than wait six months or longer for a home to live built,” Davidson said. “We particularly want to bear houses ready for the industrious spring housing market and the topple housing market.”
About 37 percent of Van Metre’s sales last year were move-in ready houses, compared with 31 percent in 2016.
Data from the U.S. Census Bureau witness that about 35 percent of newly built homes sold in December were completed when they were purchased, an enlarge over the 33 percent sold in December 2016. However, the definition of a “spec house” varies.
“Some builders start homes by pouring the foundation and then build very slowly while waiting for a buyer,” Costello said. “A proper spec home is one that is built and can live moved into tomorrow.”
The National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) in Washington tracks “spec houses” as utter houses that are sold with the land and house, which includes homes under construction while under contract, as well as completed homes.
“The challenge for builders, even if they would enjoy to build more spec homes, is that they visage what they summon the ‘five L’s’: labor, lots, lending, lumber and local regulations,” said Robert Dietz, the NAHB’s chief economist. “Labor costs are higher, and it can live harder to find enough skilled laborers. In addition, buildable lots are expensive, lending is tight, and lumber prices were up 30 percent in 2017 compared to 2016. Local regulatory costs for things enjoy permits rose 29 percent between 2011 and 2016.”
Not utter builders construct spec houses, Costello said, although some select to achieve so for efficiency and to back their crews working consistently.
“Some builders try to back two or three spec houses available at utter times to compete against the resale market,” Costello said. “Builders that proffer customization build spec houses that can live personalized with the final finishes and then delivered in 60 days, as opposed to the six months that edifice a new home usually requires.”
Costello said a few builders, such as D.R. Horton Express, LGI Homes and Goodall Homes, consistently build spec houses as a commerce model.
“We try to start the same number of houses every week so they can communicate accurately to their customers when each house will live finished,” said Chris O’Neal, chief sales officer of Goodall Homes, which builds homes in the high-demand markets of Nashville and Knoxville, Tenn. “This even-flow process lets their trade partners and employees know that they will always bear consistent toil with us. That’s one reason they bear been successful even in a tough labor market. They pay them weekly throughout the year.”
Finding enough lots to build on, particularly in Nashville, is the biggest challenge Goodall Homes faces, O’Neal said.
“We built spec houses right away in Knoxville when they expanded there, so they could witness people the quality of their toil in a market where they were unknown,” O’Neal said.
Goodall Homes builds spec houses for first-time buyers and move-up buyers, ranging from 1,500 to 4,000 square feet and priced from $250,000 to $500,000, O’Neal said.
Pulte Group, a national builder of brands including Pulte, Centex and Del Webb, typically builds about one spec house in each community, said Macey Kessler, spokeswoman for Pulte Group. Kessler said that in the fourth quarter of 2017, Pulte sold 637 finished spec homes in their 790 communities.
During Pulte Group’s most recent earnings call, Ryan Marshall, Pulte Group’s president and chief executive, said: “We’re not afraid to exhaust spec. We’re using it in a course that I deem smooths out their production pipeline. Beyond that, their view is their profitability on build-to-order units is quite a bit higher, and they purge the risk of potentially having a unit that we’ve got to hold on to and discount to sell or pay the carrying costs associated with carrying a finished house. So, it’s utter worked into their model of driving the highest returns possible.”
Van Metre plans to continue to build spec houses at most of its communities, although Davidson said they will build fewer in communities where prices are in the $1 million and higher range. Not only are the costs to build those houses higher, but buyers in that price range minister to want to live able to customize their house.
“About 25 percent of their customers want immediate-delivery homes so they can trudge within 30 days,” Davidson said. “If they don’t bear a house ready, they’ll buy a resale property.”
Although some spec houses are 100 percent complete, others proffer a few options for personalization.
“We try to hold off on some finishes, such as the cabinets, flooring and appliances, as long as possible on their spec homes, but it can acquire four to six weeks for materials to arrive, so sometimes they exigency to finish a house before it’s purchased,” Davidson said. “But if buyers want something specific, enjoy a porch or a deck, they can bring in their design-build division and remodel the house before they trudge in.”
Today, spec houses involve more of the most desirable features rather than just the basics they did in the past, Goodman said, such as hardwood flooring on the first floor, stainless-steel appliances and tile flooring in the bathrooms.
“Builders Run a report to survey what the pre-construction buyers are choosing in each neighborhood,” Goodman said. “In one neighborhood, they set aside in a few too many upgrades, and those houses sat a slight longer than they wanted, so for the next spec houses, they backed off a slight on the options to originate certain they met the price expectations of buyers.”
Builders exigency to predict what buyers want and how much they will disburse on a spec house, rather than setting the foundation price and letting buyers select how much they want to enlarge their budget with various levels of options.
“We toil with their design team and design heart to select finishes and fixtures that are the most common choices of buyers,” O’Neal said. “Not only does that intend the house is more likely to live common now, but that likewise means the odds are better that the buyers will live able to sell that house more easily in the future.”
For buyers frustrated by a want of inventory or in a rush to trudge before the school year starts, a new job begins or because they bear sold their current home, a spec house can meet their needs. Buyers won’t find a bargain, but they could find a location that matches their tang and is move-in ready.
Until recently, demand-driven replenishment was only available to SAP S/4HANA customers using at least on-premise release 1709 or cloud release 1708. Now, thanks to supply chain management (SCM) consulting solutions from SAP, this functionality has been extended to companies that are still using SAP ERP or older versions of SAP S/4HANA. But this is not the only benefit they deliver.
Many planners are used to working with multilevel (indented) bills of materials that list how raw materials are used to manufacture semi-finished products and the various finishing steps required to complete a customer’s order. Some bills of materials even trudge further and involve levels of distribution. The journey from raw materials to conclude product is strewn with pitfalls.
On the plus side, traditional material requirements planning (MRP) has become more sophisticated, and more tools bear been developed to meet the growing complexity of large-scale requests coming from a diverse customer base, including forecast functions, lot size planning, safety stock, and range-of-coverage profiles.Configuring MRP Processes is Too Complex
The growing number of tools on proffer is increasing complexity. Implementing a consistent, multi-level planning concept that can live repeatedly adjusted to reflect current circumstances is becoming more difficult. And then there’s the bullwhip effect, where even the smallest fluctuation in product exact can amplify across utter levels of traditional supply chain planning, such as lot-size planning. This puts planners in a difficult position when purchasing materials, because they bear to acquire these big fluctuations into account, even if they are buying materials for products such as toothpaste – for which exact is relatively constant.
“It often makes sense to back inescapable products in stock to ensure you are agile enough to react to a given situation. But you bear to contrivance your inventory systematically,” explains Ferenc Gulyássy, a consultant for SCM consulting solutions. The respond to this challenge is a hybrid of traditional plan-driven and demand-oriented material planning, demand-driven replenishment (DDR).
This approach allows planners “to maintain a realistic inventory buffer to protect against uncertainty,” says Gulyássy.Even users of SAP ERP can implement demand-driven replenishment. “Decoupling” the Supply Chain Brings Flexibility
Demand-driven replenishment is not based on complex, abstract statistical calculations that involve planners trying their best to predict, say, how likely it is that the 100 products ordered can actually live delivered. The approach is much more pragmatic and, according to Gulyássy, “intuitive and consistent.” The supply chain is “decoupled”, acceptation that the planner must “only” monitor parts of the production process instead of the entire thing.
So-called “decoupling points” in the supply chain, Gulyássy explains, are strategic positions at which inventory buffers are maintained. This reduces the focus on forecasting product exact and means that typically error-prone forecasts no longer pose a problem.
Demand-driven replenishment enables planners to align utter levels of the supply chain process, no matter how complex.SAP ERP: Five Principal Functions Explained
Gulyássy is convinced that “planning according to exact puts you at an advantage.” At present, only those companies that are already using release 1709 of the on-premise version of SAP S/4HANA or release 1708 of the cloud version can exhaust demand-driven replenishment approach. They just exigency to buy a license and they can then access a range of innovative SAP Fiori-based functions.
With the latest (2018) release of SCM consulting solutions, customers that exhaust SAP ERP version ECC 6.0 and higher can likewise benefit from demand-driven replenishment planning. Various SAP add-ons enable them to achieve this — the MRP monitor, the replenishment lead time monitor, and the safety stock simulation, customized MRP type, and advanced MD04 tools:
This selection of basic demand-driven replenishment functions shows, first and foremost, that the DDR approach makes supply chain planning more supple and intuitive for the planner. But there is another dissimilarity between the add-ons and the DDR functionality in SAP S/4HANA that may interest planners who bear been working with the traditional SAP GUI for years.
If you opt for the SCM consulting solutions, you achieve not bear to switch to the new role-oriented SAP Fiori interface straight away, but can continue using “your” SAP GUI until you bear gotten used to SAP Fiori. And, equally as important: If a company decides in three years’ time to upgrade from SAP ERP to SAP S/4HANA (on-premise), for example, a migration service is available. “This service allows companies to originate a seamless transition to the SAP S/4HANA functions later on,” explains Gulyássy.
In this case, the demand-driven replenishment functions offered by SAP SCM Consulting Solutions can still live used, as can, for example, SAP GUI transactions. Gulyássy: “SAP GUI and SAP Fiori values are saved in the same database tables – they’re just displayed differently in the interfaces.”
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