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Microsoft workplace. Microsoft Excel. each productiveness tools are so embedded in the cloth of world commerce that in spite of the fact that innovative recent apps blew Microsoft’s proverbial doors off day after today, it will doubtless nonetheless pick years for that upstart to fully overtake and usurp the entrenched common.
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Microsoft has published an update roundup weblog post for users of Microsoft 365. The company particulars everything of the changes made to the subscription service throughout February. added to the kit during the month had been a couple of recent protection features, groups integrations, and plenty extra.
in terms of safety, Microsoft 365 has received Microsoft threat specialists this week. The function is designed to “proactively hunt and prioritize threats”. somewhere else, Microsoft has delivered an “Ask a hazard knowledgeable” button to the windows Defender ATP.
groups is a worthy Part of the Microsoft 365 bundle this present day, and in February some healthcare integrations were introduced. above all, cozy messaging and precedence notifications are now supported. FHIR-enabled electronic fitness facts are actually supported in teams.
Over at the Microsoft Authenticator, which no offers safety notifications to users on Microsoft 365.
In its weblog, Microsoft too recapped its launch of a recent office software. The revolutionary internet software (PWA) acts as a alternative for the My workplace app.
At its core the brand recent PWA is workplace.com in app kind. This means the individual workplace apps fancy observe, PowerPoint, surpass don't seem to exist here. besides the fact that children, those apps may too exist launched from inside the hub.
in its place, the app works as a vital hub for workplace apps. here that you can contemplate issues fancy contacts, recent files, and more across observe, Excel, PowerPoint, OneDrive, Outlook, groups, Yammer and different apps.
“businesses can additionally pick potential of the capacity to integrate third-birthday celebration apps, enable clients to search for files and people across the corporation, and customize the event with their own branding.”
identify: Octavio Avila-Cardet
homeland: Guantanamo, Cuba
what's your principal? desktop science
where did you intern? What did you execute there? I interned for Microsoft as a application engineer. I worked in the core features fork the location interior tools and software that could exist used by using other Microsoft employees are developed. My team became accountable for constructing a data reporting software to allow teams to function information reporting on surpass using their records. The application is used with the aid of about half of the enterprise (a bit more than 50,000 clients).
How did you accumulate your internship? I got my internship by attending a profession impartial at FIU in descend 2017, hosted by way of FIU’s profession and skill construction office. a friend of mine informed me concerning the profession reasonable, so I went online and applied to a number of corporations that had been attending the career reasonable, including Microsoft, facebook and Amazon. Some days later, I bought an e mail to execute an in-grownup interview at FIU’s Engineering core. Then i was invited to interview at the desirable Microsoft campus in Redmond, Washington, for a set of interviews. A month later, I received the present to intern at Microsoft. i used to exist shocked, however excited!
What counsel execute you hold got for those beginning the internship method? accumulate any internship event that you could accumulate even if it’s not your dream enterprise. youngsters, execute are trying to accumulate an internship proximate to what you are looking to labor on after college. Having an internship in your resume really offers you an facet over folks that don’t. The summer earlier than Microsoft, I had a different internship at SAIC (Science applications international industry enterprise), which is a armed forces contractor it truly is akin to Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin.
What tasks did you labor on? i was assigned to boost a web-based mostly consumer interface to enable recent teams to onboard quicker since the pilot technique of onboarding every now and then would pick months. With my interface, it might only pick 20 minutes. It turned into a really big challenge and although I finished most of it, it is silent under additional development by means of my crew. I’m excited to contemplate how it has stepped forward on account that I completed my internship.
How did your internship join again to your coursework? Some foundational concepts I realized in my information structures classification hold been essential, specifically learning a way to assay how productive your algorithm is. This allowed me to identify areas of my code that mandatory optimizing. The basic programming expertise you exist trained in school helps you learn recent programming languages and tools quicker seeing that the core concepts are familiar. What school offers you is the self-discipline to exist taught recent and tough ideas hasty and basic abilities of programming to accumulate you going. although, it’s crucial to execute a lot of self-teaching privilege through faculty to exist updated and execute internships every time which you can.
What became the best issue about your internship or that came about privilege through your internship? The Intern Signature event! everything the company’s 2,000 interns accumulate in a huge park to play video games, eat and watch a reside concert. The artist had been kept a stealthy everything over the internship, so this is where they at eventual accumulate to determine who it became. every person had their personal guesses, but no person knew for unavoidable who it changed into going to be. Moments earlier than the leading artist regarded, one intern standing at the back of me turned into joking that Pitbull changed into going to exist the singer. I laughed and didn’t pick it seriously. i used to exist like, “There is no manner. Pitbull? Out of everything people…”. well, which you can imagine my amaze when Mr. worldwide himself came out singing “Don’t desist the birthday party”.
What did you fancy most about your event? The americans that I met. That’s basically what made it brilliant. I made loads of friends and loads of us would at everything times exit collectively to explore the city, to party, and to head climbing as well. additionally, the manner i used to exist challenged on diverse fronts. i was challenged on my faculty to exist trained and bring quickly and on my skill to answer recent individuals. I favored that i used to exist pushed outside of my console zone each day.
What did you learn about your self? The internship exposed lots of my weaknesses and barriers as a developer. I realized that I need to spend greater time within the planning and design section before touching on with the implementation. I too realized that I’m a brief learner. I needed to gain scholarship of loads of recent tools and spend them rectify away and that i became capable of manage that.
How did you expand your professional community? Microsoft offers a program called the Intern Networking application that you can select to opt-in as an intern. the style it really works is that a week you obtain an electronic mail introducing you to a full-time worker from Microsoft working in a special team within the business. Then, you contact mentioned worker and you organize to hold lunch with them. There, you can accumulate to grasp them, interrogate them about what they do, and interrogate them for suggestions. I did that program and talked to more than a dozen full-time personnel from groups reminiscent of windows, office, and Azure and even other interns from faculties akin to MIT.
How did it support you present your self within the “precise-world?” speaking with authorities, demonstrating application for my team each two weeks, and difficult myself hold everything made me a far better professional in normal. I proved to myself, and to the realm, that i can dangle my ground even when i am absolutely outdoor my consolation zone, which i was at Microsoft. One moment the location I definitely felt validated changed into at the very finish where I had to demo my closing product to the better usathat hold been my supervisor, my supervisor’s boss and his colleague. They appreciated the product and that they were already discussing how lots money and resources they had been going to set aside money into it confiscate in entrance of me. one in everything them observed to me, “The proven fact that they are even having this discussion at everything is a well-behaved badge that you just did a superb job.”
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This chapter from Professional surpass Development: The Definitive pilot to Developing Applications Using Microsoft Excel, VBA, and .NET, 2nd Edition<</em> introduces VB.NET along with the .NET Framework, shows how you can automate surpass with VB.NET, and finally covers ADO.NET, which is used to connect to and retrieve data from various data sources.This chapter is from the book
In 2002, Microsoft released the first version of its development suite Visual Studio.NET (VS.NET) together with the .NET Framework. Since then, Microsoft has released recent versions of the Framework and development suite in quick succession. Microsoft has strongly indicated that .NET is the flagship development platform now and for the foreseeable future.
Visual Basic.NET (VB.NET) is Part of VS.NET, and despite its similarity in the appellation with Classic VB (VB6), the two hold microscopic in common. VB.NET is the successor to Classic VB and as such it provides the faculty to create more technically modern solutions, a big group of recent and updated controls, and a recent advanced IDE. touching from Classic VB to VB.NET is a non-trivial process, primarily because VB.NET is based on a recent and completely different technology platform.
Excel developers too mug the situation where applications created with the recent .NET technology need to communicate with applications based on the older COM technology, for example, VB.NET applications communicating with Excel. Because surpass is a COM-based application it cannot communicate directly with code written in .NET.All .NET code that communicates with surpass must cross the .NET COM boundary. This is Important to reserve in intuition because it is a challenge to manage and can hold significant performance implications.
In the first Part of this chapter, VB.NET is introduced along with the .NET Framework. The second Part of this chapter focuses on how they can automate surpass with VB.NET. Finally they cover ADO.NET, which is used to connect to and retrieve data from various data sources. ADO.NET is the successor to classic ADO on the .NET platform.
To provide a better understanding of VB.NET, they develop a practical solution, the PETRAS Report Tool.NET. This solution is a fully functional Windows Forms based reporting tool. It retrieves data from the PETRAS SQL Server database and uses surpass templates to present the reports.
VB.NET, ADO.NET, and the .NET Framework are book-length topics in their own right; what they examine here and in the two following chapters merely scratches the surface. At the finish of this chapter you find some recommended books and online resources that provide additional detail on these subjects.
The .NET Framework is the core of .NET. Before they can develop or bustle any .NET-based solutions, the Framework must exist installed and available. The Framework provides the foundation for everything .NET software development. The .NET Framework is too accountable for interoperability between .NET solutions and COM servers and components. This topic is covered later in the chapter. For the purposes of their discussion, they can believe of the .NET Framework architecture as consisting of two major parts:
The rapid evolution of the .NET Framework is reflected in the big number of versions available. Different Framework versions can coexist on one computer, and multiple versions of the Framework can exist bustle side-by-side simultaneously on the same computer. However, an application can only spend one version of the .NET Framework at any one time. The Framework version that becomes energetic is determined by which version is required by the .NET-based program that is loaded first. A universal recommendation is to only hold one version of the Framework installed on a target computer.
Because there are several different Framework versions in common spend and they may not exist able to control the version available on the computers they target, they need to apply the same strategy to the .NET Framework as they execute when targeting multiple surpass versions: Develop against the lowest Framework version they map to target. Of course there will too exist situations that ordain the Framework version they need to target, such as corporate clients who hold standardized on a specific version.
As of this writing, the two most common Framework versions are 2.0 and 3.0. Both versions can exist used on Windows XP, and version 3.0 is included with Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008. Visual Studio 2008 (VS 2008) includes both of these Framework versions as well as version 3.5. By providing everything current Framework versions, VS 2008 makes it light to select the most confiscate version to spend when structure their solutions. Versions 3.0 and 3.5 of the .NET Framework are backward compatible in a similar manner as the latest versions of the surpass demur libraries.
The .NET Framework can bustle on everything versions of Windows from Windows 98 forward, but to develop .NET-based solutions they need to hold Windows 2000 or later. If they map to target Windows XP or earlier they need to obtain sure the desired version of the .NET Framework is installed on the target computer, because these Windows versions execute not comprise the Framework preinstalled. everything versions of the Framework are available for download from the Microsoft Web site and can exist redistributed easily. To avoid confusion, they only spend version 2.0 of the .NET Framework in this chapter and the next.
Last time, I described how Apple turned its failure to develop a modern OS into a worthy success. The purchase of NeXT gave Apple a buzzword-compliant OS with a wholesome ecosystem of high-quality third-party applications. Meanwhile, Microsoft was lumbering along with Windows XP. Although technically sound, it was shot through with the decisions made more than a decade earlier for 16-bit Windows.
In 2001, when XP was released, this was not such a worthy deal. The first two or three versions of Mac OS X were troublesome, to affirm the least. Performance was weak, there were stability issues, and version 10.0 arguably wasn't even feature complete. It wasn't until early 2002 that Apple even made Mac OS X the default OS on recent Macs; for the first few months of its life, XP was up against "Classic" Mac OS 9.Further Reading From Win32 to Cocoa: A Windows user’s would-be conversion to Mac OS X
But OS X didn't stand still. Apple released a progression of updates in quick succession, strengthening the platform with recent features fancy Core Audio, Core Image, Core Data, and Quartz Extreme, and providing high-quality applications that exploited these abilities. everything this time, XP itself stood still. The core Windows platform didn't change between 2001 and late 2006.
Although XP itself was essentially unchanged, Microsoft did try to produce a modern, appealing platform for future development. That platform was, of course, .NET, and observant readers will hold noticed that I didn't mention it in Part one. This was no accident, as the whole .NET legend deserved a more thorough examination.Microsoft attempts modernity
In 2002, Microsoft released the .NET Framework. The .NET Framework was brand spanking new. It was designed and implemented from the ground up. It could hold been spotless and consistent and orthogonal and with a pellucid design and powerful concepts. It could hold been a way out of the quagmire that is Win32. It could hold provided salvation—an environment free of 16-bit legacy decisions, with powerful APIs on a par with what Apple had developed.Enlarge / The .NET Framework stack Wikimedia Commons
It was certainly promoted as such. .NET was pushed as the future, the way everything Windows development would occur in the future. The plans became quite aggressive; in the OS that was to succeed Windows XP, recent functionality would exist accessed not through Win32 but through .NET, acceptation that any developer wanting to exploit the latest and greatest OS features would hold to venture into this dauntless recent world.
So .NET could hold been a step into the 21st century. It could hold been, but it wasn't. Technically, .NET was fine. The virtual machine infrastructure was pretty sound, the performance was reasonable, and C# was an adequate (if not exactly ground-breaking) language. But the library—the .NET "API" used for such diverse tasks as writing files, reading data from databases, sending information over a network, parsing XML, or creating a GUI—the library is another legend altogether.
The library is extremely bad. It is simplistic and inexorable and in many ways quite limited. See, .NET has a worthy problem: its target audience. .NET was meant to exist a unified platform that everything developers would use—after all, if recent OS features required .NET, a broad cross-section of developers would spend it. The problem is that not everything developers are created equal. By looking at the different kinds of developers out there, they can understand why .NET is the way it is. What follows is not an exhaustive taxonomy of everything the weird and wonderful breeds of programmer, but rather a rugged taxonomy of some of the key species.Our favorite benign of venerable campaign swag. A developer taxonomy
At one level, you hold people who are basically industry analysts; they're using Access or surpass or VB6 to write data analyzing/number crunching applications. These things are hugely Important in the industry world, totally unexciting to anyone else, and the people writing them aren't really "programmers." I mean, they are, in the sense that they're writing programs, but they're not especially interested in programming or anything fancy that. They don't really care about the attribute of the libraries and tools they're using; they just want something simple enough that they can pick it up without too much difficulty. They'll never write the best code or the best programs in the world; they won't exist elegant or well-structured or pretty to quest at. But they'll work. Historically, as I said, these are the benign of people who Access is made for. Access is a worthy tool, quite unparalleled. Sure, it's a lousy database engine with a hideous programming language, but the power it gives these people is immense. So Access and VB6 and surpass macros are where it's at for these guys.
At the next level, you hold the journeyman developers. Now these people aren't "business" people—they are proper programmers. But it's just a job, and they'll attend to stick with what they know rather than try to execute something better. They might exist a bit more discerning about their tools than the industry types, but they're not going to flow out of their way to pick up recent skills and learn recent things. They might spend VB6 or Java or C# or whatever; it doesn't really matter to them, as they'll spend whatever offers them the best employment opportunities at any given moment. Their code will probably quest more or less the same no matter what. They're not going to learn the idioms of whatever specific language they're using, because there's no need, so it's just not for them.
A key feature of these developers is that, most of the time, they're writing "enterprise" software. This isn't software that will sit on a shelf in a store for someone to buy; it's custom applications to assist with some industry process or other. veracity exist told, it probably won't hold to quest very nice or labor very well; it just has to accumulate the job done. With "enterprise" software, you can often accumulate away with a clunky program, because the people who are using it hold everything been trained on what to do. If doing X makes the application crash, that's okay—they can just exist taught not to execute X any more.
In spite of the often mediocre attribute of the software these people write, they're a group that's immensely Important to Microsoft. These programs are a key Part of the platform lock-in that Microsoft craves. If a company has some business-critical custom application written in Visual Basic 6, that company isn't going to roll out Linux to its desktops; it's trapped on Windows.
At the final level, you hold the conscientious developers. These are people who care about what they're doing. They might exist writing industry apps somewhere (although they probably scorn it, unless they are on a team of like-minded individuals) but, probably more likely, they're writing programs in their own time. They want to learn about what's detached and new; they want to execute the privilege thing on their platforms; they want to learn recent techniques and better solutions to existing problems. They might exist using unusual development platforms, or they might exist using C++, but they'll exist writing well-behaved code that's confiscate to their tools. They'll heed UI guidelines (and only wreck them when appropriate); they'll spend recent features that the platform has to offer; they'll push things to the limit. In a well-behaved way, of course.
In the pre-.NET world, this wasn't really a worthy problem. The first group used surpass macros and Access; the second group used Visual Basic 6, and the eventual group could spend C++ or whatever beret-wearing funky scripting language was à la mode at the time. This everything worked out fine, because one of the few nice things about Win32 is that it was designed for C. C is in many ways a very simple language, and it's too a ubiquitous language. As a consequence of this, pretty much every other programming language created in the eventual couple of decades can, one way or another, muster C APIs.".NET could hold been a step into the 21st century. It could hold been, but it wasn't."
.NET isn't fancy that. Although .NET can muster C APIs (just fancy everything else can), the true objective is for everything programming to reside in the .NET world. .NET is meant to exist the entire platform, with everything the different languages that people spend living inside the .NET environment. This is why .NET has APIs for tasks fancy reading and writing files; in the .NET world you're not meant to spend Win32 to execute these things, you're meant to spend .NET's facilities for doing them. It's silent possible to spend different languages with .NET (in fact, it's easier than it was in the pre-.NET days). Just now, the different languages everything spend the common set of .NET APIs for drawing windows on screen, or saving files, or querying databases, and so on.
Because everything now has to live "within" the .NET world, .NET has to exist everything things to everything people. Well actually, that's not true. It's trying to exist well-behaved enough for the first and second benign of programmer. The third type—well, just ignore them. They're too demanding anyway. They're the ones who care about their tools and accumulate upset when an API is badly designed. They're the ones who notice the inconsistencies and omissions and gripe about them.
The .NET library is simple to the point of being totally dumbed down; it's probably okay for the first and second groups, not least because they don't know any better, but for the leisure it's an exercise in frustration. This frustration is exacerbated when it's compared to .NET's worthy competitor, Java. Java is no panacea; it too is aiming roughly at the middle benign of developer, which is understandable, as they're the most numerous. But Java's much more high-minded. It's much stronger on concepts, making it easier to learn. Sun doesn't accumulate it privilege the whole time, but the people behind Java hold clearly made something of an effort.
One practical manifestation of this is that .NET reflects a lot of the tainted decisions made in Win32. For example, .NET provides an API named Windows Forms for writing GUIs. Windows Forms is based heavily on the Win32 GUI APIs; the same GUI APIs that owe their design to Win16. To properly write Windows Forms programs, you need to know how Win32 works, because there are concepts from Win32 that obtain their presence felt in Windows Forms. In Win32, every window is related to a specific thread. There can exist multiple windows that belong to a thread, but every window is owned by exactly one thread. Almost every action that updates a window in some way—moving it on-screen, changing some text, animating some graphics, anything fancy that—has to exist performed within the thread that owns the window.
This restriction in itself is not entirely uncommon. There are very few truly multithreaded GUI APIs, because it tends to obtain programs more complicated for no true benefit. The problem lies in how .NET makes developers handle this restriction. There's a way to test whether an update to a window needs to exist sent to the thread that actually owns the window or not, along with a mechanism for sending the update to the window's thread. Except this way doesn't always work. Under some situations, it can advise you that you're using the rectify thread already even if you're not. If the program then carries on and tries to effect the update, it may succeed or it may hang or crash the application. The intuition for this unhelpful conduct is the way Windows Forms depends so heavily on Win32.
These microscopic issues are abundant. The .NET library does work. It more or less has everything the main pieces you need, but it's plenary of areas where you hold to deal, directly or indirectly, with the obsolescent mediocrity of Win32. On their own, no Part of these issues would exist a show-stopper, but they everything add up. It's a death of a thousand cuts. There are so many places where the Win32 underpinnings "shine through" and taint what should hold been a brand-new platform.What about Win64?
If Win32 was a mess and .NET didn't fix it, the other break MS could hold had was to fix it for Win64, the 64-bit Windows API. Porting a program to Win64 requires a recompile at the very least, and it can often require code changes to avoid doing things that are safe for 32-bit processors but not for their 64-bit brethren. Because of this necessary recompile, one would believe that MS could surely hold tidied things up a bit. Maybe not radically overhauled, but tidied up.
For example, there's a function called OpenFile. OpenFile was a Win16 function. It opens files, obviously enough. In Win32 it was deprecated—kept in, to allow 16-bit apps to exist ported to Win32 more easily, but deprecated everything the same. In Win32 it has always been deprecated. The documentation for OpenFile says, "Note: Only spend this function with 16-bit versions of Windows. For newer applications, spend the CreateFile function." But in spite of that, Win64 silent has OpenFile. No one should exist using it, but it's silent there.
Another example; Win32 has a function for getting the size of a file. File sizes on Windows are limited to 2^64 bytes, and so they need a 64-bit integer to exist expressed easily. But the API muster to accumulate the size of a file doesn't give you a 64-bit value. Instead, it gives you a pair of 32-bit values that hold to exist combined in a particular way. For 32-bit Windows, that's sort of understandable; 32-bit Windows is, well, 32-bit, so you might not hope to exist able to spend 64-bit integers. But if you spend the same API in 64-bit Windows, it silent gives you the pair of numbers, rather than just a nice simple 64-bit number. While this made some benign of sense on 32-bit Windows, it makes no sense at everything on 64-bit Windows, since 64-bit Windows can, by definition, spend 64-bit numbers.
And of course, developers can cope with this. no Part of this clunkiness is fatal. Taken in isolation, every one of the problems with Win32 and .NET could exist tolerated. But together, they greatly diminish the appeal of the platform. It just makes writing well-behaved programs harder than it should exist and learning the API harder than it need be.Problems for Microsoft
So Windows is just a disaster to write programs for. It's miserable. It's quite nice if you want to spend the same techniques you scholarly 15 years ago and not bother to change how you do, well, anything, but for anyone else it's everything pain. I thought before that Microsoft cared about people fancy me. But it doesn't. And it makes programming on Windows painful. Microsoft is worthy at backwards compatibility—you can pick really venerable programs and compile and bustle them on a brand recent Windows—but terrible at design and terrible at providing a well-behaved experience."None of this clunkiness is fatal. Taken in isolation, every one of the problems with Win32 and .NET could exist tolerated. But together, they greatly diminish the appeal of the platform."
And it's not just third parties who suffer. It causes twinge for Microsoft, too. The code isn't just inconsistent and unsightly on the outside; it's that way on the inside, too. There's a lot of software for Windows, a lot of business-critical software, that's not maintained any more. And that software is usually buggy. It passes tainted parameters to API calls, uses remembrance that it has released, assumes that files live in particular hardcoded locations, everything sorts of things that it shouldn't do. If the OS changes underneath—to prohibit the reuse of freed memory, to more aggressively validate parameters, to stick more closely to the documentation without making extra assumptions or causing special side-effects—then these programs break.
So Windows has everything sorts of bits of code which are there to provide compatibility with these broken applications. It's hard for MS to maintain and fix this code, because it means the code no longer does what it's documented to do; it does that plus some other stuff. It's hard to test, because there's no knowing exactly what broken things programs are going to try to do. And it makes things more expensive; Microsoft has all sorts of special behaviours it needs to preserve. This means that not only can it not obtain the API better—it can't even easily obtain the API's implementation better. It's everything too fragile.
This gives surge to particularly slow things fancy the appellation of the "system" folder, where everything the Windows libraries and programs are kept. In 16-bit Windows, it was called system. In 32-bit Windows, it was called system32. In 64-bit Windows it's called, er, system32 again. Because although there's an API muster that programs can obtain to find out the appellation of the folder, there are enough programs that don't bother using it and just blindly assume that it's called system32 (even when compiled as 64-bit) that it was better for backwards compatibility to leave it, even though it's chock plenary of 64-bit files.
32-bit files in swirl flow into a directory named syswow64. Right, it has 64 in the name, because it contains 32-bit libraries. obtain sense? Only in Redmond. everything these nonconforming behaviors and clumsy APIs that they've built up over the years hold just been plonked wholesale into 64-bit Windows. There's no avoid from them.Beyond XP
If MS wasn't going to provide nice spotless APIs for everything the venerable stuff, there was at least some hope that they'd create an attractive and high-quality OS to succeed the (extremely successful) Windows XP. This is, after all, the other Part of the OS X equation. Apple has set aside together a well-behaved platform to develop on and then gone to actually obtain the most of what its operating system has to offer, by producing towering attribute applications that depend on the unique features that Mac OS X provides.
Third-party applications very much seem to follow suit. There might not exist as much third-party software for Mac OS X as there is for Windows (a pleasing operating environment can only execute so much to mitigate a 3 percent market share), but the attribute of the applications is a worthy deal better. Third-party developers on Mac OS X strive to obtain applications that labor in a way that's consistent with the OS itself, with first-party applications, and even with each other.
These factors attend to reinforce each other. A well-behaved API makes it easier to write high-quality applications. High-quality, first-party applications set the gauge by which third-party apps are judged and ensure that users hold towering expectations of the software they run. This in swirl means that there is much more competition among third parties to produce something that's worthy rather than merely acceptable. Regular updates to the OS reserve developers on the upgrade treadmill; they labor to obtain their applications meet in with the latest and greatest release, leveraging whatever recent bells and whistles it provides, further improving the software ecosystem.
In the early stages of Microsoft's development of a successor to Windows XP, it looked fancy the software side of things might hold taken a leap forward. Win32 would silent exist Win32, unfortunately, but the original XP successor (codenamed Longhorn) was going to provide a whole raft of functionality built using .NET. This would exist coupled with radical changes in Explorer and the Windows shell to provide something much slicker and better-looking than XP offered. Early in the development of Longhorn, they saw demos of a recent benign of application; applications built using the recent Longhorn technology, with a consistent quest and feel.
Except, as by now they everything know, Longhorn never made it. Some recent features were dropped completely, others were just scaled back, some were even ported to XP. Even when the underlying technology was kept, the good-looking, easy-to-write application development that was promoted never really materialized. Instead, what they got was Windows Vista.Enlarge / Windows Vista's Start menu and its integrated Search box. Andrew Cunningham Vista, Schmista
With the ambitious Longhorn plans sitting in the trash, Microsoft produced a much more evolutionary OS. It has some curious recent technology under the hood, but unfortunately most of this is invisible to anyone using the system. What they execute contemplate is an uninspiring mess.
The meet and finish of Vista is astonishingly poor. With Vista's UI guidelines, Microsoft has tried to pick some things that MacOS has been doing forever and interlard them to Windows. For example, dialog boxes in Windows hold traditionally been poorly designed, because their buttons are given generic labels fancy "Yes" and "No," or "OK" and "Cancel," which means the entire message has to exist read and understood for the buttons to obtain sense. This is bad, because people generally don't read the message and just click a button at random.
For example, if you try to proximate Notepad without saving your document, Windows used to ask, "Do you want to redeem the changes?" with buttons marked "Yes," "No," and "Cancel." Yes, No, and Cancel exist substantive nothing on their own; you need to read the message to obtain sense of them. In Vista's Notepad, in keeping with the recent UI guidelines, although the dialogue box silent asks, "Do you want to redeem changes to Untitled?" the buttons are labeled "Save," "Don't save," and "Cancel." This is much better—the buttons now hold meaningful labels that affirm what they'll execute instead of generic text that could execute anything. It's only taken Microsoft 20 years to accumulate this right, but finally now it's done so.
The UI guidelines certainly hold the privilege idea. But they then accumulate ignored. They accumulate ignored by Vista itself. They accumulate ignored by Microsoft's flagship applications fancy Office. They accumulate ignored by third parties. The result is that the entire Windows Vista sustain feels mediocre. Pictures are worth a thousand words, they say, so let's pick a quest at Microsoft's flagship OS running its flagship softwareEnlarge / O_o
Except for one application (Visual Studio 2005) those are everything the current versions of currently-supported Microsoft software released in the eventual couple of years.
None of them—not a sole one—works in the same way as any other. Only one of them (Notepad) uses the "native" built-in appearance (i.e. the one most easily available to third-party software). Many of them hold features in common—opening and saving files, typing words, editing properties—and yet anyhow they conspire to everything execute so differently. It is a total mess. These aren't just minor failures of consistency, either. The people accountable for these applications hold deliberately chosen to give the platform's gauge quest and feel the finger. That's tainted enough for standalone applications; it's even worse when some of those applications are Part of the platform itself.
There isn't even any benign of internal consistency. The Explorer Window and the IE window look, at first glance, to exist similar; similar graphical style for the forward/back button, for example. But they're not. The spacing is different; the drop-down arrow in the IE window has more space around it than the counterpart in Explorer.
Even when the same nonstandard concept is used, it's done differently. Windows Live Messenger, Internet Explorer, and Windows Media Player everything hold a "hidden" menu bar. The menu bar is silent there, just not visible by default. And each one of them exposes its menu bar in a different way, doing essentially the same thing gratuitously differently. It might well exist that getting rid of the menu bar is a well-behaved idea—but there's no justification at everything for making them everything similar-but-different.
Taken alone, these are everything fairly minor things. set aside together, the interface is just completely shambolic. It looks amateurish. The quirks of each recent interface hold to exist scholarly anew. This slap-dash approach to look-and-feel gives the print of a platform that no one really cares about. That same contempt for norms and standards inflicts third-party applications. And, really, why shouldn't it? If Microsoft can't exist bothered to obtain Windows applications that feel fancy Windows applications, why should anyone else flow to the effort? And even if a developer does want to flow to the effort, what's he meant to pick his cues from? Should he copy IE? WMP? Explorer? Notepad? Office? Visual Studio?
To add insult to injury, it's wasteful. Explorer and IE may quest similar, but they're different codebases. The code to give that benign of no-menu window with an address bar and a search box and this and that, it's not shared between the two. It might hold been at one time. But now it's not. So there's twice the development effort to create and maintain these applications. What could hold been done once now has to exist done twice. And again for Word, and Outlook, and Visual Studio, and Visio, and Expression Blend. Each time I hold to learn a recent UI, some team at Microsoft had to write a recent UI and test a recent UI and maintain a recent UI. That's not a well-behaved spend of their time, when they could hold done it once.
Mac OS X is by no means consummate in this regard, but it's nowhere near as bad. Applications fancy the Finder and iTunes establish unavoidable norms and conventions, and third-party applications execute a pretty well-behaved job of following these (or adapting them to recent situations). There aren't OS X applications where the menu bar works totally differently. Apple hasn't produced a different UI style for each and every application. Sure, they execute hold more than one style—the "pro" apps (Aperture, FCP, etc.) spend a darker scheme than habitual apps—but there's silent an order of magnitude more consistency and coherence on OS X than on Windows. Apple cares about appearances and Apple provides strong GUI models to copy. The result? Third parties produce good-looking applications that labor fancy the OS they bustle on. And accordingly, users require that their applications conform to the overall quest and feel of the platform.
The intuition must exist that no one in Microsoft actually gives a damn. Each group develops their own UI widgets in their own style and they simply don't care that it's a total mess. They don't care that I hold to learn recent ways of doing the same task just because they couldn't exist bothered to execute things the same way as other applications. I'm not saying, for example, that they shouldn't hold introduced the ribbon concept in Office 2007, because it seems to labor pretty well, and I can believe that it really is a better UI model. But they should hold taken stock of what they were doing and made it a system-wide UI device. recent widgets and UI models execute crop up from time to time, but they should exist rare, and when they execute appear, Microsoft should obtain them universal so that everyone can spend them.
Microsoft's continuous and repetitive reinvention of the wheel again just makes the task for third-party developers that much more unpleasant. Because even when a developer does want to obtain something that "fits in," and even when that developer has picked a specific application to meet in with, MS silent offers inconsistent choices. pick the Office 2007 ribbon as an example. The ribbon is pretty cool, and it's obvious that third parties will want to spend the ribbon themselves (even if it might not exist the best meet for their application, but sadly there's not much that can exist done about that). Unfortunately, the Office 2007 ribbon is Part of Office 2007. It's not a Part of Windows, it's instead built in to Office, and not usable for other software.
Recognizing the gap in functionality here, a third-party developer produced its own ribbon-like demur that developers could embed into their programs to gain a ribbon user interface. Microsoft in swirl bought the third-party demur and is now distributing it to developers using the current version of Visual C++. Oh, yeah—it's only for C++ developers. No ribbon for .NET developers. So now MS has two ribbons; the Office code and recent one it bought in. That's frustrating enough—it would exist better to execute the labor to set aside the Office 2007 ribbon into a nice microscopic library so the conduct would exist identical—but it's tolerable.
Here's the bit that blows the mind: Microsoft is going to develop another ribbon, this time as Part of Windows Seven. It won't exist the Office one, and it won't exist the Visual C++ one. It will exist a recent one. And, oh, this one won't exist .NET either. The confusion of UIs in Windows mirrors the confusion of development within Microsoft.Enlarge / A close store front for many, just not (yet) Peter Bright. Steve Rhodes What about me?
So where does that leave me? I want to write nice applications. I want to exist able to concentrate on my own code rather than fighting the API the whole time. I want my applications to meet in with the OS and labor in a way that's consistent with first-party applications and even other third-party programs. I want this because I believe it leads to better software; it means I can spend my time creating innovative and useful software that people relish using. I really want to execute this, but you know what? On Windows it's just too damn hard.
Microsoft has had well-behaved opportunities to execute something about this, but they hold been systematically squandered through a combination of ineptitude, mismanagement, and slavish adherence to backwards compatibility. The disillusionment I feel is incredible. I relish writing programs, but I don't relish writing for Windows. And while once it made sense to stick with Windows, it just doesn't any more. There's now an attractive alternative: Mac OS X.
This has been Part two of a three-part series. In Part three, I will quest at just how Microsoft got into this state and what it might execute to regain Windows' position as the best computing platform going.
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